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Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime

  • ID: 836652
  • Book
  • 468 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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′Systematic research on the social psychological functions of punishment has been scarce, and this comprehensive edited volume brings together many excellent chapters on active research programs being conducted n Europe and America. The editors have brought together a book that punishment scholars will read it to learn what is happening in what is now a fast–moving and exciting research area. Our gratitude to the editors.′ – John Darley

′Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime is a tour de force of cutting edge research in the psychology of punishment. The editors have assembled the unique international perspectives of rising stars and established experts from Psychology, Sociology and Criminology in single complete volume. The work is both empirical and theoretical, and readers will find it to be fresh and enduring.′ – Kevin M. Carlsmith

In recent years, research interest both in the needs of the public for punishment and in the psychological processes underlying decisions on sentencing has increased. Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime explores the application of social psychology and social cognitive theories to decision making, in the context of punishments by judges and the attitudes of the public. The book also highlights the different legal systems in the UK, US and Europe, discussing how attitudes to punishment can change in the context of cultural and social development.

The text is divided into four parts:

  • Attitudes towards Punishment and Legal Sanctions in a Changing Society
  • Moral Reasoning and Reactions to Crime
  • Impact of Heuristics and Biases in Decision–Making in the Context of Crime
  • Consequences of Sentencing
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Contributors.

Foreword (Neil Vidmar).

Introduction (Margit E. Oswald, Steffen Bieneck and Jörg Hupfeld–Heinemann).

PART I: Attitudes towards Punishment and Legal Sanctions in a Changing Society.

1 The diversity of nations and legal systems contrasting the Dutch and the Americans (Peter J. van Koppen).

2 New approaches to justice in the light of virtues and problems of the penal system (Tom R. Tyler).

3 Psychological perspectives on the place of restorative justice in criminal justice systems (Dena M. Gromet).

4 Punitive public attitudes: a threat to the legitimacy of the criminal justice system (Jan W. de Keijser and Henk Elffers)?

5 Punishment attitudes: their social and psychological bases (John Duckitt).

6 Criminal society and criminal immigrants: a social construction of reality by mass media (Michael Windzio and Matthias Kleimann)?

7 Public opinion and the death penalty (James D. Unnever and Francis T. Cullen).

PART II: Moral Reasoning and Reactions to Crime.

8 Justice and revenge (Mario Gollwitzer).

9 Emotions and legal judgements: normative issues and empirical findings (Ute Gabriel).

10 A two–process model of punishment (Margit E. Oswald and Ingrid Stucki).

11 Punitive damages: a vehicle for punishment in civil cases (Brian H. Bornstein, Timothy R. Robicheaux and Sarah Thimsen).

12 Offenders social categorization: ingroup bias or black sheep effect (Jan–Willem van Prooijen)?

13 Measuring attitudes to sentencing and sentencing goals (Loretta J. Stalans).

14 How adequate is the vignette technique as a research tool for psycho–legal research (Steffen Bieneck)?

PART III: Impact of Heuristics and Biases on Decision Making in the Context of Crime.

15 Models of decision making on guilt and sanctions (Jörg Hupfeld–Heinemann and Bettina von Helversen).

16 Heuristic strategies and persistent biases in sentencing decisions (Birte Englich).

17 Biased memory, biased verdicts: memory effects in juror judgments (Kristi A. Costabile).

18 A social–cognitive perspective on attrition rates in sexual assault cases (Barbara Krahé and Anja Berger).

19 How knowledge about the defendant s previous convictions influences judgments of guilt (Margit E. Oswald).

20 Disparities in sentencing decisions (Siegfried L. Sporer and Jane Goodman–Delahunty).

PART IV: Consequences of Sentencing.

21 The consequences of legal punishment (Stefan Suhling and Werner Greve).

22 The effects of legal involvement on crime victims psychological adjustment (Ulrich Orth).

Index.

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Margit Oswald is Professor of Psychology at the University of Berne, Switzerland. She has published numerous book chapters and journal articles and was Editor of theSwiss Journal of Psychology.

Jörg Hupfeld–Heinemann is based at the Department of Psychology, University of Berne, Switzerland.

Steffen Bieneck is based in the Department of Psychology, University of Potsdam, Germany.

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