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Europe Postal Services Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecast (2023-2028)

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  • 150 Pages
  • March 2023
  • Region: Europe
  • Mordor Intelligence
  • ID: 5759296
The Europe postal services market is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 4.05% during the forecast period.

Key Highlights

  • To ramp up the industry, the EU's Postal Services Directive establishes basic standards for USO service providers, subject to some exclusions. The USO's components have not changed since 1997, although each Member State is free to determine the exact USO's size and scope at the national level as long as it complies with the Postal Services Directive's baseline standards.
  • In addition to national postal laws and regulations, international postal laws and legislation derived from other industries also apply to the postal sector in the EU. Cross-border letters sent between Member States are governed by the Postal Services Directive. According to the Directive, 85% of international letter mail must be delivered within three days. However, the performance is hampered by the dropping letter volume, which makes it challenging for postal operators to uphold the high standards of service.
  • The COVID-19 epidemic has also had a significant influence on the European postal services industry, which has compelled universal service providers to adapt and innovate as a result. Particularly, USPs adjusted prices, entered new markets, offered new products, innovated, and used new business methods in response. At the same time, discussions on regulatory adjustments and changes to the postal regulatory framework were generated by the industry leaders.

Europe Postal Services Market Trends

The Postal and Delivery Sector Is Significant to the EU Economy

The postal and delivery sector in the EU makes a variety of contributions to the economy of the Union, including the fact that it generates revenues of EUR 79 billion (USD 84.38 billion) annually, which equates to 0.5% of the EU's total GDP, and that it employs about 1.7 million people across the EU or 0.8% of the employed population.

The postal and delivery sector is an enabler of e-commerce domestically, intra-EU, and globally - a fast-growing industry in Europe and was worth EUR 344 billion (USD 367.44 billion) in 2019. The incumbent postal operators (universal service providers) are typically one of the biggest employers in their countries.

The postal and delivery industry also contributes significantly to some specialized markets, such as the distribution of drugs to elderly or rural populations, as is done by La Poste in France.

There are numerous players operating in the EU's postal and delivery industries, providing a greater significance in the industry. The universal service providers, rival companies engaged in the letter delivery industry, logistics and express companies (like UPS and FedEx), and alternative delivery companies (like Amazon) are among them.

Digital Communication Is Transforming the Postal Industry in the EU

The postal sector is not exempt from technological change. In fact, it is likely one of the sectors that are most impacted. Europe's postal industry is being impacted by digital change on two fronts. On the one hand, the demand for letters is declining as digital communication channels (the so-called "e-substitution") take the place of paper-based ones. On the other hand, the ability to order things online and have them delivered is raising the demand for packages and deliveries.

E-substitution occurs when electronic communication methods take the place of conventional letter-post communication. Depending on users’ willingness to switch from traditional letter post to electronic communication and how convenient it is to do so, for example, different technological conditions (use of the internet at home, broadband penetration, etc.) and policy conditions, the speed and extent of e-substitution still vary across countries in the region.

The most notable example of e-substitution is Denmark. The EU saw the largest volume drop in posts because of the robust e-government digitalization that has been required in the country since 2014.

In recent years, letter post traffic has decreased, and e-substitution has increased to varying degrees in other Member States. Letter post volumes in the EU decreased on average by 3% a year. Germany is an exception, where letter post is still one of the primary official routes of communication between residents, government, and corporations, mostly due to worries about digital security.

Europe Postal Services Market Competitor Analysis

The competitive landscape of the Europe postal services market is observed to be somewhat consolidated with few major players operating in the market. Small and medium-sized local competitors have less room to compete in the market because many multinational companies dominate the market for postal services in Europe. However, there is room for growth in the market for postal services in Europe during the forecast, which is expected to boost competition. Deutsche Post, La Poste, Royal Mail, PostNL, and FedEx/TNT Express are some of the leading players operating in the Europe postal services market. Some other major players in the market are UPS, Europe Post, Omniva/Eesti Post, DPD/Geopost, Asendia, Swiss Post, Bpost, PostNord AB, Chronopost, Poste Italiane, etc.

Additional Benefits:

  • The market estimate (ME) sheet in Excel format
  • 3 months of analyst support

Table of Contents

1.1 Study Deliverables
1.2 Study Assumptions
1.3 Scope of the Study
4.1 Market Overview
4.2 Market Drivers
4.3 Market Restraints
4.4 Market Opportunities
4.5 Value Chain/Supply Chain Analysis
4.6 Industry Attractiveness - Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.6.1 Threat of New Entrants
4.6.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers
4.6.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.6.4 Threat of Substitute Products
4.6.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
4.7 Impact of COVID-19 on the Market
5.1 By Type
5.1.1 Express Postal Services
5.1.2 Standard Postal Services
5.2 By Item
5.2.1 Letter
5.2.2 Parcel
5.3 By Destination
5.3.1 Domestic
5.3.2 International
5.4 By Country
5.4.1 Germany
5.4.2 UK
5.4.3 France
5.4.4 Russia
5.4.5 Spain
5.4.6 Netherlands
5.4.7 Rest of Europe
6.1 Market Concentration Overview
6.2 Company Profiles
6.2.1 Deutsche Post DHL
6.2.2 La Poste
6.2.3 Royal Mail
6.2.4 PostNL
6.2.5 FedEx/TNT Express
6.2.6 UPS
6.2.7 Europe Post
6.2.8 Omniva/Eesti Post
6.2.9 DPD/Geopost
6.2.10 Asendia
6.2.11 Swiss Post
6.2.12 Bpost
6.2.13 PostNord AB
6.2.14 Chronopost
6.2.15 Poste Italiane*

Companies Mentioned (Partial List)

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes, but is not limited to:

  • Deutsche Post DHL
  • La Poste
  • Royal Mail
  • PostNL
  • FedEx/TNT Express
  • UPS
  • Europe Post
  • Omniva/Eesti Post
  • DPD/ Geopost
  • Asendia
  • Swiss Post
  • Bpost
  • PostNord AB
  • Chronopost
  • Poste Italiane