Lebanon has been working on improving its fixed infrastructure in recent years, driven by the telecoms minister Jamal Jarrah. In 2017 plans were introduced which would see new landlines and fibre-optic networks installed as well as faster DSL services.
In 2018 we are seeing significant progress in this area with the awarding of licenses which allows three existing services providers to operate and supply FttH services to consumers, using Ogero's government-owned network. The pricing of telecom services has been raised as an issue in Lebanon in the past and it is hoped that the new FttH packages will only be moderately more expensive than the DSL based ones.
Lebanon's telecoms market holds a unique position in the Middle East given the level of government involvement. While most incumbents in the region are government owned, within Lebanon, government ownership also extends to the country's two mobile operators.
The government-owned mobile networks are operated by private companies in return for a management fee, with all revenue going to the government. The two networks are currently operated by Zain of Kuwait (Touch) and Orascom of Egypt (Alfa).
Both operators have launched 4G LTE services, underpinning a drive into mobile broadband and presenting a strong alternative to existing fixed offerings. The operators are also preparing for 5G and in 2018 the first successful 5G trial was conducted in Lebanon.
The improvements to Lebanon's broadband infrastructure will boost the already flourishing digital economy as well as the start-up culture that has attracted international interest and recognition.
In 2018 the first successful 5G trial was conducted in Lebanon.
The 2020 Telecom Vision project managed by the MoT will see improvements in fibre-optic infrastructure with plans for the entire country to be covered by 2020.
In 2018 Ogero Telecom awarded fibre-deployment contracts to three consortiums SERTA Channels-Huawei, BMB-Calix and Powertech-Nokia.
Companies covered in this report include:
Ogero Telecom, Touch (Zain), Alfa Telecom (Orascom).
2. Key statistics
2.1 Country overview
3. Telecommunications market
3.1 Historical overview
3.2 Market analysis
3.3 Regional Middle East market comparison
4. Regulatory environment
4.2 Regulatory authority
4.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Lebanon
4.5 Mobile regulatory issues
4.5.1 Lebanon's current mobile contracts
4.5.2 Open international tender 2015
4.5.5 Counterfeit mobile devices regulation
5. Fixed network operator
5.1 Ogero Telecom
6. Telecommunications infrastructure
6.1 National telecom network
6.2 International infrastructure
6.2.1 Submarine cable networks
7. Broadband access market
7.1 Market analysis
7.2 Broadband statistics
7.3 Competition issues
7.3.1 Data service provision
7.4 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
7.5 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP)
7.6 Other fixed broadband services
8. Digital economy
8.1.1 Digital technologies assist refugees in Lebanon and the Middle East
8.1.2 Start-ups in Lebanon
8.1.3 MIEP project
9. Digital media
10. Mobile communications
10.1 Market analysis
10.2 Mobile statistics
10.3 Mobile data
10.3.1 OTT messaging services
10.4 Mobile broadband statistics
10.5 Mobile infrastructure
10.5.1 GSM, 3G
10.5.2 4G LTE
10.6 Major mobile operators
10.6.1 Touch (operated by Zain)
10.7 Mobile handsets
11. Related reports
List of Tables
Table 1 Country statistics Lebanon - 2018
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2018
Table 3 Fixed broadband statistics 2018
Table 4 Mobile statistics 2018
Table 5 National telecommunications authorities
Table 6 - Evolution of GDP and inflation in Lebanon 2012 - 2018
Table 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2006 - 2018
Table 8 Internet user and penetration estimates 2013 - 2018
Table 9 Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration 2002 - 2018
Table 10 Household PC penetration 2002 - 2016
Table 11 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate - 1995 - 2004
Table 12 Mobile subscribers and penetration 2005 - 2018
Table 13 Mobile operators' market share 2009 2017
Table 14 Active mobile broadband subscriptions 2011 - 2018
Table 15 Touch mobile subscribers 2005 2017
Table 16 Alfa mobile subscribers 2009 - 2017
List of Charts
Chart 1 Middle East - Telecoms Maturity Index (TMI) - 2017
Chart 2 Middle East - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita - 2017
Chart 3 Middle East fixed broadband penetration versus mobile broadband penetration 2017
Chart 4 Mobile operators subscriber market share 2009 - 2017
List of Exhibit
Exhibits 1 Lebanon's Telecom Vision 2020
Exhibit 2 Middle East - Key characteristics of telecoms markets by country
Exhibit 3 The evolution of fixed internet/broadband in Lebanon