Visual Impairment in Children due to Damage to the Brain. Clinics in Developmental Medicine

  • ID: 1531991
  • Book
  • 224 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Clinics in Developmental Medicine No.186

The increased awareness of cerebral visual impairment in children, combined with improved recognition of its wide ranging manifestations, has led to its recognition as the most common cause of visual impairment in children in the developed world. Yet the subject is in its infancy, with very little published to date. Information on this complex topic has been needed by all disciplines working with disabled children for many years.

This ambitious book links the work of authors from many of the major research teams in this field, who have made significant contributions to the literature on the subject of cerebral visual impairment and provide a structured amalgam of the viewpoints of different specialists.  The book contains some very novel concepts, which will be of great practical value to those who care for children with visual impairment due to brain injury. Summaries of the more specialist chapters as well as clear diagrams and a glossary have been provided to increase the book s accessibility to a broader readership.

This is an exciting and important field, to which this book makes a major contribution.

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Authors Appointments ix

Foreword xiii

Preface xv

Introduction 1

1 The Functional Organization of the Central Visual Pathways 5Melvyn A. Goodale

2 Causes of Damage to the Visual Brain 20

3 Clinical Features and Diagnostic Imaging of Damage to the Visual Brain 41

4 Impairments of Central Visual Function and its Measurements 77William V. Good and Anne B. Fulton

5 Impairment of Peripheral Vision and its Measurements 85Giorgio Porro and Dienke Wiffebol–Post

6 Abnormalities of Refraction and Accommodation and their Management 98J. Margaret Woodhouse

7 Clinical Features of Perceptual and Cognitive Visual Impairment in Children with Brain Damage of Early Onset 106Gordon N. Dutton, with Elisabeth Macdonald, Suzannah R. Drummond, Shohista Saidkasimova, and Katherine Mitchell

8 Impairment of Cognitive Vision: Its Detection and Measurement 117

9 The Effect of Impaired Vision on Development 162Elisa Fazzi, Sabrina G. Signorini, and Josée Lanners

10 Psychiatric Considerations in Cortical Visual Impairment 174Roger D. Freeman

11 Children with Severe Brain Damage: Functional Assessment for Diagnosis and Intervention 181Jenefer Sargent, Alison Salt and Naomi Dale

12 Visual Impairment in Cerebral Palsy 194Elisa Fazzi, Sabrina G. Signorini, and Paolo E. Bianchi

13 Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Cerebral Visual Impairment: Problems with Detection and Diagnosis 205Heleen M. Evenhuls

14 Practical Approaches for the Management of Visual Problems Due to Cerebral Visual Impairment 217Gordon N. Dutton, with Debbie Cockburn, Gillian McDald, and Elisabeth Macdonald

15 Strategies to Support the Development and Learning of Children with Cerebral Visual Impairment at Home and at School: Communication, Orientation, and Mobility 227

16 Approaches to the Management in Schools of Visual Problems Due to Cerebral Visual Impairment 236Marianna Buultjens, Lea Hyvärinen, and Renate Walthes

17 Strategies to Help Children who have Both Visual and Hearing Impairments 245Stuart Aitken

18 Setting up Integrated Services for Children with Cerebral Visual Impairment 257Margot Campbell and Marianna Buultjens

19 Classification of Visual Functioning and Disability in Children with Visual Processing Disorders 265Lea Hyvärinen

20 Towards the Development of a Classification of Vision–Related Functioning A Potential Framework 282August Colenbrander

Appendix: Conversion Table for Different Measures of Visual Activity 295

Glossary 323

Index 337

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Gordon Dutton
Martin Bax
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