Organized into 15 chapters, this new edition looks at the history of our increasing dependence on materials and energy. It explains where materials come from and how they are used in a variety of industries, along with their life cycle and their relationship to energy and carbon. It also examines controls and economic instruments that hinder the use of engineering materials, considers sustainability from a materials perspective, and highlights the importance of low-carbon power and material efficiency. Furthermore, it discusses the mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of engineering metals, polymers, ceramics, composites, and natural materials in relation to environmental issues. The volume includes new chapters on Materials for Low Carbon Power & and Material Efficiency, all illustrated by in-text examples and expanded exercises. There are also new case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations.
This book is intended for instructors and students of Engineering, Materials Science and Industrial/Product Design, as well as for materials engineers and product designers who need to consider the environmental implications of materials in their designs.
- Introduces methods and tools for thinking about and designing with materials within the context of their role in products and the environmental consequences- Contains numerous case studies showing how the methods discussed in the book can be applied to real-world situations- Includes full-color data sheets for 40 of the most widely used materials, featuring such environmentally relevant information as their annual production and reserves, embodied energy and process energies, carbon footprints, and recycling data
New to this edition:
- New chapter of Case Studies of Eco-audits illustrating the rapid audit method- New chapter on Materials for Low Carbon Power examines the consequences for materials supply of a major shift from fossil-fuel based power to power from renewables- New chapter exploring Material Efficiency, or design and management for manufacture to provide the services we need with the least production of materials- Recent news-clips from the world press that help place materials issues into a broader context.are incorporated into all chapters- End-of-chapter exercises have been greatly expanded- The datasheets of Chapter 15 have been updated and expanded to include natural and man-made fibers
Material Dependence; 2.Resource Consumption and its Drivers; 3.The Material Life Cycle; 4.End of First Life
A Problem or a Resource?; 5.The Long Reach of Legislation; 6.Eco-data
Values, Sources, Precision; 7.Eco-audits and Eco-audit Tools; 8.Case Studies: Eco-audits; 9.Material Selection Strategies; 10.Eco-informed Materials Selection; 11.Sustainability: Living Within Our Means; 12.Materials for Low-Carbon Power; 13.Material Efficiency; 14.The Bigger Picture: Future Options; 15.Material Profiles; Appendix
Useful Numbers and Conversions
Royal Society Research Professor Emeritus at Cambridge University and Former Visiting Professor of Design at the Royal College of Art, London, UK
Mike Ashby is sole or lead author of several of Elsevier's top selling engineering textbooks, including Materials and Design: The Art and Science of Material Selection in Product Design, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, Materials and the Environment, and Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design. He is also coauthor of the books Engineering Materials 1&2, and Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design.