Determinants and Interventions for Preterm and Low Weight Births. Health Care and Disease Management

  • ID: 2183198
  • Book
  • 350 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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With chapters on demographics,anthropometric characteristics,medical,life style,parental, environmental and social factors,the book discusses comprehensively the up–to–date information on determinants of low birth weight (LBW) and preterm brith (PTB).
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BURDEN OF ILLNESS

METHODS

Objectives of the Synopsis

Methods of the Synopsis

Limitations of the Synopsis

ECONOMICAL ASPECTS OF PRETERM BIRTH/LBW

MATERNAL DEMOGRAPHICS

Maternal Age

Parity

Birth Interval

Marital Status

Pregnancy –

Intended or not Intended

MATERNAL ANTHROPOMETRIC CHRACTERISTICS

Maternal Height

Maternal Pre–Pregnancy Weight

Maternal Body Mass Index (BMI)

Gestational Weight Gain

INTERGENERATIONAL INFLUENCES

Genetics

Maternal/Paternal Weight at Birth

Maternal/Paternal Gestational Age at Birth

History of Previous Preterm/LBW/IUGR Birth

MATERNAL MEDICAL FACTORS

Maternal General Medical Conditions

History of Previous Induced Abortion

Pregnancy Associated Conditions

Uterine Factors

Placental Factors

FETEAL FACTORS

Fetal Sex

Fetal Anomalies (Heritable or Non–Heritable)

Multiple Fetuses

PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS/STRESS/SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS

Neighborhood Factors

Violence/Abuse

Maternal Trauma

Natural and Man Made Disasters

ART

LIFE STYLE FACTORS

Tobacco Use

Alcohol Use

Caffeine Use

Licorice Ingestion

Substance Use

Herbal Medicine Use

Exercise

ENVIRONMENTAL TOXINS

Passive Smoking

Environmental Pollutants/Factors

Air Pollution

Water Pollution

Pesticides Exposure

OCCUPATIONAL FACTORS (MATERNAL AND PATERNAL)

Occupation

Occupational Conditions

Occupation Types

NUTRITIONAL FACTORS

Nutritional Advice

Maternal Nutrient Supplementation

Energy and Protein Intake

Iron

Folic Acid

Calcium

Magnesium

Zinc

Vitamin

Multiple Micronutrients

Fish Oil

INFECTIONS

Bacterial Vaginosis

Trichomoniasis

Chlamydia

Urinary Tract Infection

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Periodontal Infections

ANTENATAL CARE AND EARLY DETECTION OF FETAL RISK

Provison of Antenatal Care

Early Detection of Preterm Labour

Clinical and Biochemical Markers

Ultrasound Markers

Biochemical Markers

PREVENTION FOLLOWING THREATENED PRETERM LABOR

Bed Rest

Hospitalization

Hydration

Tocolytics

Antibiotics

Cervical Cerclage

Multicomponent Preterm Birth Prevention Programs

JURISDICTIONS WITH SUCCESSFUL PRETERM/LBW PREVENTION PROGRAMS

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS: DETERMINANTS AND PREVENTION OF PRETERM BIRTH/LBW
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Arne Ohlsson is Director Evidence Based Neonatal Care and Outcomes Research, Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, and Professor Departments of Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Health, Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto. He undertook medical training at the University of Uppsala, Sweden followed by speciality training in Paediatrics, Child and Youth Psychiatry and Neonatology. He completed his MSc at McMaster University, Hamilton, where he served as the Director of the Canadian Cochrane Network and Centre between 1998 and 2005. In 2003 he received the Distinguished Neonatologist Award from the Neonatal/Perinatal Medicine Section of the Canadian Paediatric Society.
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. Prakesh Shah is a staff Neonatologist and Epidemiologist working at Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto. He is an Assistant professor in the Departments of Paediatrics and Health Policy, Management and Evaluation at the University of Toronto. He completed his medical training in India, postgraduate training in India and UK followed by fellowship in Neonatal Perinatal Medicine at University of Toronto hospitals. During the fellowship he also completed MSc in Clinical Epidemiology at University of Toronto and currently teaches in Clinical Epidemiology Program at the University of Toronto. He is co–representative for University of Toronto Network site of Cochrane Collaboration.
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