Organic Bionics

  • ID: 2183357
  • Book
  • 238 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The first reference on this emerging interdisciplinary research area at the interface between materials science and biomedicine is written

by pioneers in the field, who address the requirements, current status and future challenges. Focusing on inherently conducting polymers,

carbon nanotubes and graphene, they adopt a systematic approach, covering all relevant aspects and concepts: synthesis and fabrication,

properties, introduction of biological function, components of bionic devices and materials requirements. Established bionic devices, such as

the bionic ear are examined, as are emerging areas of application, including use of organic bionic materials as conduits for bone re–growth,

spinal cord injury repair and muscle regeneration. The whole is rounded off with a look at future prospects in sustainable energy generation and storage.

Invaluable reading for materials scientists, polymer chemists, electrotechnicians, chemists, biologists, and bioengineers.
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MEDICAL BIONICS

Medical Bionics Devices

Key Elements of a Medical Bionic Device

CARBON

Introduction to Carbon

Graphene

Carbon Nanotubes

Summary

ORGANIC CONDUCTING POLYMERS

Polypyrrole

Polythiophenes

Polyanilines

Properties of OCPs

Chemical–Biological Properties

Mechanical Properties

Surface Morpholgy

Conclusions

ORGANIC CONDUCTORS –

BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS

Carbon Structures for Medical Bionics

Carbon Nanotubes

Graphene

Conducting Polymers

Toxicity

Sterilization

MATERIALS PROCESSING/DEVICE FABRICATION

Introduction

Conducting Polymers

Carbon Nanotubes

Graphene

Composites with Conventional Polymers – a Medical Focus

3–D Structured Materials and Device Fabrication

ORGANIC BIONICS –

WHERE ARE WE? WHERE DO WE GO NOW?

Materials Design and Selection

Materials Synthesis and Processing

Flexible and Printable Electronics

Characterization

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Gordon G. Wallace is Executive Research Director of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science, an Australian Laureate Fellow and previously an ARC Federation Fellow. He is a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science and the Australian Academy of

Technological Sciences and Engineering. Professor Wallace`s research interests include organic conductors, nanomaterials and electrochemical probe methods of analysis, and the use of these in the development of Intelligent Polymer Systems.

Simon E. Moulton received his PhD degree in chemistry from the University of Wollongong, Australia in 2002. He is currently an ARC QEII Fellow at the Intelligent Polymer Research Institute (IPRI), ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science (ACES) at the University

of Wollongong. His research interests include the development of conducting biomaterials comprising of organic conducting polymers, carbon nanotubes and degradable polymers and using these to influence cellular responses in systems such as nerve and muscle as well as their use in controlled release of therapeutic drugs.

Robert Kapsa (PhD–1996, The University of Melbourne) is a Molecular and Stem Cell Biologist whose research has focused on the development of genetic and cell–based therapies for Neuromuscular Disorders such as the Muscular Dystrophies and Motor Neuron Diseases. More recently, he has worked with Gordon Wallace and Graeme Clark in heading the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science Bionics Platform in developing regenerative Bionics implants by which to repair damaged and diseased muscle and nerve. Currently, his research focus is on the mechanisms by which electrical stimulation and the specific molecular chemistry of materials elicits changes within the molecular biology, structure and function of nerve and muscle (excitable) cells.

Michael J. Higgins completed his PhD degree in Biology and Chemistry at the University of Melbourne, Australia in 2003. He was a research fellow at the Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanodevices and Nanostructures (CRANN), Trinity College Dublin, Ireland in 2003 – 2007.

Dr. Higgins is currently an ARC Australian Research Fellow at the Intelligent Polymer Research Institute (IPRI), ARC Centre of Excellence for

Electromaterials Science (ACES), University of Wollongong, Australia. His research interest is the cellular–material interface and application of scanning probe microscopy techniques to study biological systems at the nanoscale.
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