Avoiding Errors in Paediatrics. AVE – Avoiding Errors

  • ID: 2253218
  • Book
  • 192 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Some of the most important and best lessons in a doctor s career are learnt from mistakes. However, an awareness of the common causes of medical errors and developing positive behaviours can reduce the risk of mistakes and litigation.

Written for junior paediatric staff and consultants, and unlike any other paediatric clinical management title available,Avoiding Errors in Paediatrics identifies and explains the most common errors likely to occur in a paediatric setting – so that you won t make them.

The first section in this brand new guide discusses the causes of errors in paediatrics. The second and largest section consists of case scenarios and includes expert and legal comment as well as clinical teaching points and strategies to help you engage in safer practice throughout your career. The final section discusses how to deal with complaints and the subsequent potential medico–legal consequences, helping to reduce your anxiety when dealing with the consequences of an error.

Invaluable during the Foundation Years, Specialty Training and for Consultants,Avoiding Errors in Paediatrics is the perfect guide to help tackle the professional and emotional challenges of life as a paediatrician.
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Contributors, viii

Foreword, ix

Abbreviations, xi

Introduction, xiii

Part 1

Section 1: Errors and their causes

A few words about error, 1

Learning from system failures the vincristine case, 1

Person–centred paediatric errors and their causes, 8

The patient consultation, 10

Failure to identify a sick child, 12

Inability to perform practical procedures competently, 13

Failure to check test results or act on abnormal findings, 15

Prescribing errors, 16

Failures in resuscitation, 17

Sources of error in child protection cases, 19

References and further reading, 22

Section 2: Medico–legal aspects

Error in a legal context, 25

Negligence, 25

Medical negligence, 26

Issues around consent, 29

Confidentiality, 34

References and further reading, 37

Part 2 Clinical cases

Introduction, 39

Case 1 A boy with a limp, 40

Case 2 A fitting infant, 43

Case 3 A persistent fever, 45

Case 4 A biking injury, 48

Case 5 A teenager with abdominal pain, 51

Case 6 A young girl with a vaginal discharge, 54

Case 7 An iatrogenic problem, 57

Case 8 An infant with a large head, 59

Case 9 An infant with bloody diarrhoea, 62

Case 10 An infant with persistent jaundice, 64

Case 11 A child with leukaemia and tummy ache, 66

Case 12 A boy with fever and rigors, 68

Case 13 A stiff hand, 70

Case 14 A serious feeding problem, 72

Case 15 Fits, faints and funny turns, 74

Case 16 A hospital acquired infection, 76

Case 17 Recurrent wheeze, 79

Case 18 A jaundiced neonate, 82

Case 19 A febrile boy with a limp, 85

Case 20 A febrile neonate, 87

Case 21 A neonate with abnormal movements, 89

Case 22 A teenager with scrotal pain, 91

Case 23 A boy with nonspecific symptoms, 93

Case 24 A delayed walker, 96

Case 25 A diabetic girl with a headache, 98

Case 26 A boy with sickle cell disease and a fever, 101

Case 27 Negative test results, 104

Case 28 A bad case of flu, 107

Case 29 A difficult transfer, 110

Case 30 Treatment for tonsillitis, 112

Case 31 Increasing respiratory distress, 114

Case 32 A feverish girl with poor feeding, 116

Case 33 An infant with a swollen face, 118

Case 34 Starting a new treatment, 121

Case 35 The importance of interpretation, 124

Case 36 A febrile boy with a scald, 126

Part 3 Investigating and dealing with errors

1 Introduction, 129

2 How hospitals try to prevent errors and their recurrence, 129

3 The role of hospital staff, 134

4 External investigators, 136

5 Hospital investigations, 138

6 Legal advice where to get it and how to pay, 143

7 External inquiries, 146

8 The role of the doctor, 165

9 Emotional repercussions, 167

10 Conclusion, 169

References and further reading, 169

Index, 171

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Joseph E. Raine
Kate Williams
Jonathan Bonser
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