This book provides in-depth information on basic and applied aspects of biofuels production from algae. It begins with an introduction to the topic, and follows with the basic scientific aspects of algal cultivation and its use for biofuels production, such as photo bioreactor engineering for microalgae production, open culture systems for biomass production and the economics of biomass production. It provides state-of-the-art information on synthetic biology approaches for algae suitable for biofuels production, followed by algal biomass harvesting, algal oils as fuels, biohydrogen production from algae, formation/production of co-products, and more. The book also covers topics such as metabolic engineering and molecular biology for algae for fuel production, life cycle assessment and scale-up and commercialization. It is highly useful and helps you to plan new research and design new economically viable processes for the production of clean fuels from algae.
- Covers in a comprehensive but concise way most of the algae biomass conversion technologies currently available
- Lists all the products produced from algae, i.e. biohydrogen, fuel oils, etc., their properties and potential uses
- Includes the economics of the various processes and the necessary steps for scaling them up
Preface (Ashok Pandey, Duu-Jong Lee, Yusuf Chisti, Carlos Ricardo Soccol) 1 An Open Pond System for Microalgal Cultivation (Jorge Alberto Vieira Costa, Michele Greque de Morais) 2 Design of Photobioreactors for Algal Cultivation (Hong-Wei Yen, I-Chen Hu, Chun-Yen Chen, Jo-Shu Chang) 3 Metabolic Engineering and Molecular Biotechnology of Microalgae for Fuel Production (Su-Chiung Fang) 4 Respirometric Balance and Carbon Fixation of Industrially Important Algae (Eduardo Bittencourt Sydney, Alessandra Cristine Novak, Julio Cesar de Carvalho, Carlos Ricardo Soccol) 5 Algal Biomass Harvesting ((Kuan-Yeow Show, Duu-Jong Lee) 6 Heterotrophic Production of Algal Oils (Jin Liu, Zheng Sun, Feng Chen) 7 Production of Biofuels from Algal Biomass by Fast Pyrolysis (Carlos Jose DalmasNeto, Eduardo Bittencourt Sydney, Ricardo Assmann, DolivarCoraucci Neto, Carlos Ricardo Soccol) 8 Algae Oils as Fuels (S. Venkata Mohan, M. Prathima Devi, G. Venkata Subhash, Rashmi Chandra) 9 Production of Biohydrogen from Microalgae (Kuan-Yeow Show, Duu-Jong Lee) 10 Applications of Spent Biomass (A. Catarina Guedes, Helena M. Amaro, Isabel Sousa-Pinto, F. Xavier Malcata) 11 Hydrothermal Upgradation of Algae into Value-added Hydrocarbons (Rawel Singh, Thallada Bhaskar, Bhavya Balagurumurthy) 12 Scale-Up and Commercialization of Algal Cultivation and Biofuel Production (Man Kee Lam, Keat Teong Lee) 13 Life-Cycle Assessment of Microalgal-Based Biofuels (Pierre Collet, Daniele Spinelli, Laurent Lardon, Arnaud Helias, Jean-Philippe Steyer, Olivier Bernard) 14 Economics of Microalgae Biomass Production (F.G. Acien, J.M. Fernandez, E. Molina-Grima) Index
Professor Ashok Pandey is currently Distinguished Scientist at CSIR-Indian Institute for Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India and Honorary Executive Director at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Sustainability- India; he was the former Deputy Director for CSIR's National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology at Trivandrum, where he head the Centre for Biofuels and Biotechnology Division. Professor Pandey's research interests are on bio-based economy for the production of fuels and chemicals. He has over 1000 publications and communications, which include 14 patents and design copyright, 34 books, 99 book chapters, and 391 original and review papers. Professor Pandey is the recipient of many national and international awards and fellowships, including Fellow of International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability, National Academy of Science (India), Biotech Research Society, India, and the International Organization of Biotechnology and Bioengineering. He was Chairman of the International Society of Food, Agriculture and Environment, Finland (Food & Health) from 2003-2004. He is Founder President of the Biotech Research Society, India (www.brsi.in); International Coordinator and General Secretary of International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses, France (www.ifibiop.org), and Vice-President of the International Society for Energy, Environment & Sustainability (www.isees.org) and All India Biotech Association (www.aibaonline.com). Professor Pandey is Editor-in-chief of Bioresource Technology, Honorary Executive Advisors of Journal of Water Sustainability and Journal of Energy and Environmental Sustainability and editorial board member of several international and Indian journals. Prof. Pandey was also recently honoured as the Most Cited Author as per the Shanghai Ranking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2016.
Duu-Jong Lee is currently a Life-Time Specially Appointed Professor of National Taiwan University (NTU) and Chair Professor and Dean of College of Engineering of National Taiwan University of Science and Technology (NTUST). He obtained his Bachelor (1984) and PhD (1989) degrees both at Chemical Engineering Department, NTU. Professor Lee has strong research interest in the area of industrial wastewater treatment, biomass to energy and environmental management, especially in microscale transport/reaction process in biomass matrix. During the past 25 years of his career, he has completed several projects successfully and developed various processes with full-scale applications. The research carried out till-date has credited him with more than 1000 publications/communications. The citations in SCOPUS on Dr Lee's work has exceeded 8000 with h=42. Professor Lee is the recipient of many national and international awards and fellowships. He is currently also the President of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers with 3500 members in Taiwan and overseas.
Yusuf Chisti is Professor of Biochemical Engineering in the School of Engineering, Massey University, New Zealand. Professor Chisti holds a MSc (Biochemical Engineering) degree from University of London, England, and a PhD in Chemical Engineering from University of Waterloo, Canada. He is a Chartered Engineer, CEng, and Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers (FIChemE), UK. His previous appointments were with the University of Almería, Spain; Chembiomed Ltd, Edmonton, Canada; University of Waterloo, Canada; and The Polytechnic, Ibadan, Nigeria. Professor Chisti has produced nearly 200 publications including a highly cited book (Airlift Bioreactors, Elsevier, 1989). He has lectured at nearly 180 international events. His work addresses many aspects of biochemical and chemical engineering, applied biotechnology, and environmental technology. His many publications on microalgal biotechnology are highly cited. He sits is on editorial boards of numerous journals including Biotechnology Advances (Elsevier), Journal of Biotechnology (Elsevier), Journal of Applied Phycology (Springer) and Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining (Wiley). He is a senior editor of Biofuels. He received a Doctor Honoris Causa degree from Gheorghe Asachi Technical University, Iasi, Romania, in recognition of his many contributions to chemical and biological engineering.
Soccol, Carlos R.
Prof Carlos Ricardo Soccol is the research group leader of Department of Bioprocess Engineering and Biotechnology at the Federal University of Paraná, Brazil, with vast experience in biotechnological research and development of bioprocesses with industrial application. He graduated in Chemical Engineering (UFPR, 1979), Masters in Food Technology (UFPR, 1986) and PhD in Genie Enzymatique, Microbiologie et Bioconversion (Université de Technologie de Compiègne,- France, 1992); post-doctoral at Institut ORSTOM/IRD (Montpellier, 1994 and 1997) and at the Université de Provence et de la Méditerranée (Marseille, 2000). He is HDR Professor at Ecole d'Ingénieurs Supériure of Luminy, Marseille-France. He main research activities are in the areas of Food Science & Technology, with emphasis on agro-industrial and Agro-alimentary Biotechnology, with specific topics on bioprocess engineering and solid-state fermentation, submerged fermentation, bioseparations, industrial bioprocesses, enzyme technology, tissue culture, bio-industrial projects and bioproduction. He is currently Coordinator of Master BIODEV-UNESCO program at UFPR. He is Associate Editor of five international journals and Editor-in-Chief of Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology. Professor Soccol has received several national and international awards which include Science & Technology award of the Govt. of Paraná (1996), Scopus/Elsevier award (2009), Doctorate Honoris Causa, University Blaise Pascal-France (2010), Outstanding Scientist - 5th International Conference on Industrial Bioprocesses, Taipei, Taiwan (2012). He is a technical and scientific consultant of several companies, agencies and scientific journals in Brazil and abroad. He has 946 publications/communications which include 16 books, 95 book chapters, 255 original research papers, 543 research communications in international and national conferences and has registered 37 patents.