Photonics, Volume 2. Nanophotonic Structures and Materials. A Wiley-Science Wise Co-Publication

  • ID: 2616964
  • Book
  • 424 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Discusses the basic physical principles underlying the science and technology of nanophotonics, its materials and structures

This volume presents nanophotonic structures and Materials. Nanophotonics is photonic science and technology that utilizes light/matter interactions on the nanoscale where researchers are discovering new phenomena and developing techniques that go well beyond what is possible with conventional photonics and electronics.The topics discussed in this volume are: Cavity Photonics; Cold Atoms and Bose–Einstein Condensates; Displays; E–paper; Graphene; Integrated Photonics; Liquid Crystals; Metamaterials; Micro–and Nanostructure Fabrication; Nanomaterials; Nanotubes; Plasmonics; Quantum Dots; Spintronics; Thin Film Optics

Comprehensive and accessible coverage of the whole of modern photonics

Emphasizes processes and applications that specifically exploit photon attributes of light

Deals with the rapidly advancing area of modern optics

Chapters are written by top scientists in their field

Written for the graduate level student in physical sciences; Industrial and academic researchers in photonics, graduate students in the area; College lecturers, educators, policymakers, consultants, Scientific and technical libraries, government laboratories, NIH.

David L. Andrews leads research on fundamental molecular photonics and energy transport, optomechanical forces and nonlinear optical phenomena. He has over 160 research papers and also eight books to his name – including the widely adopted textbook Lasers in Chemistry. The current focus of his research group is on novel mechanisms for optical nanomanipulation and switching, and light–harvesting in nanostructured molecular systems. The group enjoys strong international links, particularly with groups in Canada, Lithuania, New Zealand and the United States. Andrews is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, and a Fellow of the Institute of Physics, and he is the inaugural Chair of the SPIE Nanotechnology Technical Group.
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List of Contributors ix

Preface xi

1 Silicon Photonics 1Wim Bogaerts

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Applications 1

1.3 Optical Functions 3

1.4 Silicon Photonics Technology 10

1.5 Conclusion 15

References 15

2 Cavity Photonics 21J.Mørk P. T. Kristensen P. Kaer M. Heuck Y. Yu and N. Gregersen

2.1 Introduction 21

2.2 Cavity Fundamentals 22

2.3 Cavity–Based Switches 26

2.4 Emitters in Cavities 32

2.5 Nanocavity Lasers and LEDs 42

2.6 Summary 46

Acknowledgments 47

References 47

3 Metamaterials: State–of–the Art and Future Directions 53Natalia M. Litchinitser and Vladimir M. Shalaev

3.1 Introduction 53

3.2 Negative–Index Materials 54

3.3 Magnetic Metamaterials 59

3.4 Graded–Index Transition Metamaterials 62

3.5 Transformation Optics 70

3.6 Metasurfaces 75

References 78

4 Quantum Nanoplasmonics 85Mark I. Stockman

4.1 Introduction 85

4.2 Spaser and Nanoplasmonics with Gain 86

4.3 Adiabatic Hot–Electron Nanoscopy 118

Acknowledgments 125

References 125

5 Dielectric Photonic Crystals 133Robert H. Lipson

5.1 Introduction 133

5.2 Fundamentals 134

5.3 Fabrication Methods and Materials 145

5.4 Applications 154

5.5 Conclusions 159

References 159

6 Quantum Dots 169Stanley Tsao and Manijeh Razeghi

6.1 Introduction 169

6.2 Quantum Dots for Infrared Detection 175

6.3 Quantum Dot Growth 179

6.4 Device Fabrication and Measurement Procedures 184

6.5 Gallium Arsenide Based Quantum Dot Detectors 186

6.6 Indium Phosphide–Based Quantum Dot Detectors 198

6.7 Colloidal Quantum Dots 215

6.8 Conclusion 216

References 217

7 Magnetic Control of Spin in Molecular Photonics 221Eitan Ehrenfreund and Z. Valy Vardeny

7.1 Introduction 221

7.2 A Survey of the Magneto–Electroluminescence in OLEDs 222

7.3 Organic MEL at Small Magnetic Fields; Compass Effect 232

7.4 Magnetic Field Effect on Excited State Spectroscopies in Organic Semiconductor Films 236

7.5 Basic Quantum Mechanical Models Based on Spin–Mixing Manipulation by Magnetic Fields 246

7.6 Summary 254

Acknowledgments 255

References 255

8 Thin–Film Molecular Nanophotonics 261Tetsuzo Yoshimura

8.1 Introduction 261

8.2 Molecular Assembling for Nanoscale Tailored Structures 262

8.3 Molecular Layer Deposition 264

8.4 Organic Multiple Quantum Dots (MQDs) 267

8.5 Self–Organized Lightwave Network 283

8.6 Proposed Applications 292

8.7 Summary 305

References 305

9 Light–Harvesting Materials for Organic Electronics 311Damien Joly Juan Luis Delgado Carmen Atienza and Nazario Martín

9.1 Introduction 311

9.2 Photoinduced Electron Transfer (PET) in Artificial Photosynthetic Systems 313

9.3 Fullerenes for Organic Photovoltaics 323

9.4 Molecular Wires 330

9.5 Conclusions 335

Acknowledgments 335

References 336

10 Recent Advances in Metal Oxide–Based Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production 343Bob C. Fitzmorris and Jin Z. Zhang

10.1 Introduction 343

10.2 Materials for PEC Hydrogen Production 346

10.3 Conclusion 362

References 363

11 Optical Control of Cold Atoms and Artificial Electromagnetism 371Gediminas Juzeliu¯nas and Patrik Öberg

11.1 Introduction 371

11.2 Atomic Bose Einstein Condensates 372

11.3 Optical Forces on Atoms 376

References 393

Index 401

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David L. Andrews
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