Fish nutrition can be the deciding factor between a robust and healthy farmed fish population and low aquaculture production. In an age where chemicals and antibiotics are under greater scrutiny than ever, a strong understanding of the role of nutrients and feed additives is essential in the aquaculture industry.
Dietary Nutrients, Additives, and Fish Health is a comprehensive review of dietary nutrients, antinutritional factors and toxins, and non–nutrient dietary additives, as well as their effects on fish performance, immune system function, and overall health.
The book opens with an overview of fish immune systems and health. Subsequent chapters delve into proteins and amino acids, lipids and fatty acids, carbohydrates, beta glucans, vitamins, minerals, antinutrients, mycotoxins, nucleotides, prebiotics, probiotics, organic acids and their salts, and plant extracts and their impacts on fish health, growth, and development. The text concludes with a chapter on feeding practices.
Chapter contributions by leaders in aquaculture, Dietary Nutrients, Additives, and Fish Health will be an invaluable resource to graduate students, researchers, and professionals alike.
Chapters organized in a user–friendly format by nutrients, antinutrients, and additives.
Provides an overview of fish immune systems and health, as well as information on feeding practices.
Editors and authors are leaders in the field of fish nutrition.
List of Contributors ix
1 Overview of Fish Immune System and Infectious Diseases 1Craig Shoemaker, De–Hai Xu, Benjamin LaFrentz, and Scott LaPatra
2 Protein, Amino Acids, and Ingredients 25Carl D. Webster and Kenneth R. Thompson
3 Lipids and Fatty Acids 47Douglas R. Tocher and Brett D. Glencross
4 Carbohydrates 95Gro–Ingunn Hemre and Dong–Fang Deng5 –Glucans 111Ann L. Gannam
6 Vitamins (Excluding C and E) 125Shi–Yen Shiau and Yu–Hung Lin
7 The Effect of Vitamin C on Fish Health 151Viviane Verlhac Trichet, Ester Santigosa, Eve Cochin, and Jacques Gabaudan
8 Vitamin E 173Marisol Izquierdo and Mónica Betancor
9 Minerals 195Carl D. Webster and Chhorn Lim
10 Antinutrients 211Åshild Krogdahl and Anne Marie Bakke
11 Mycotoxin Contamination of Fish Feeds 237Bruce B. Manning
12 Nucleotides 249Peng Li, Jianmin Zhao, and Delbert M. Gatlin III
13 Prebiotics 271Delbert M. Gatlin III
14 Gastrointestinal Microorganisms of Fish and Probiotics 283Viswanath Kiron
15 Organic Acids and Their Salts 305Chhorn Lim, Christian Lückstädt, Carl D. Webster, and Phillip Kesius
16 Plant Extracts 321Galina Jeney, Lourens De Wet, Zsigmond Jeney, and Guojun Yin
17 Feeding Practices and Fish Health 333Chhorn Lim, Carl D. Webster, and Cheng–Sheng Lee
Cheng–Sheng Lee is the Director of the Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture, NIFA–USDA at Oceanic Institute of Hawaii Pacific University, HI, USA.
Chhorn Lim is a Nutrition Scientist at the United States Department of Agriculture s Aquatic Animal Health Research Laboratory in Auburn, Alabama, USA.
Delbert M. Gatlin III is Regents Professor and Associate Department Head for Research and Graduate Programs in the Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences at Texas A&M University, Texas, USA.
Carl Webster is Center Director/Research Leader of the USDA–ARS Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center, Stuttgart, AR, USA.