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Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems. Technical Aspects, Design and Modeling

  • Book
  • 325 Pages
  • February 2020
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
  • ID: 3387085
Authored by authoritative experts in the field, this long–awaited book provides multidisciplinary insights into the technological, economic, design, and optimization aspects of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) systems.
Following an introduction presenting the fundamentals of Rankine cycles and thermodynamics, subsequent chapters discuss ORC technology, including the selection of working fluid, the expansion machines and pumps, and the applications of ORC. A chapter on modeling, optimizing and controlling ORC systems is also included. The book concludes with a look at future technological advances.
For newcomers to this hot topic as well as experts in industry already working with the technology, from organic chemistry via simulation and modeling to power plant engineers.

Table of Contents

FUNDAMENTALS
Vapor Cycles
Historical Background
ORC Manufacturers and Economics
GETTING STARTED
Introductory Concepts
Basic Thermodynamics
FROM THE STEAM RANKINE TO THE ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE
The Clausius Rankine Cycle
Limitations and Optimization
Improvement of the Rankine Cycle
The Organic Rankine Cycle
Comparison between Steam Cycle and ORC
ORC TECHNOLOGY AND APPLICATIONS
ORC Plants Outputs
Biomass Combined Heat and Power
Geothermal Energy
Solar Power Plants
Heat Recovery on Mechanical Equipment and Industry Processes
ORC as a Bottoming Cycle
WORKING FLUID SELECTION
Different Fluids
EXPANSION MACHINES
Turbomachines
Positive Displacement Expanders
Modeling and Losses
HEAT EXCHANGERS
Different Types
Optimization and Sizing
Modeling and Losses
PUMP
Different Types of Pumps
Efficiency Curves
Optimal Characteristics of the Pump
Handling Cavitation
Modeling and Losses
MODELING, OPTIMIZATION AND CONTROL OF ORC SYSTEMS
Optimal Sizing
Part–load Operation
Control strategies
NEXT GENERATION ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLES AND CURRENT TRENDS IN R&D

Authors

Sylvain Quoilin Matthew Orosz Vincent Lemort