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Membrane Technologies for Biorefining

  • ID: 3504070
  • Book
  • February 2016
  • 520 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Membrane Technologies for Biorefining highlights the best practices needed for the efficient and environmentally-compatible separation techniques that are fundamental to the conversion of biomass to fuels and chemicals for use as alternatives to petroleum refining.

Membrane technologies are increasingly of interest in biorefineries due to their modest energy consumption, low chemical requirements, and excellent separation efficiency. The book provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the different types of membranes and highlights the ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels. Topics have been selected to highlight both the variety of raw materials treated in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products.

  • Presents the first book to focus specifically on membrane technologies in biorefineries
  • Provides a comprehensive overview of the different types of membranes and highlight ways in which they can be applied in biorefineries for the production of chemicals and biofuels
  • Topics selected highlight both the variety of raw materials treated using membranes in biorefineries and the range of biofuel and chemical end-products

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PART 1: Membrane Processes and Membrane Preparation

1. Polymeric membrane preparation and characterisation for biorefining

2. Inorganic membrane preparation and characterisation for biorefining

3. Mixed matrix membrane preparation and characterisation for biorefining

4. Organic-inorganic composite membrane preparation and characterization for biorefining

PART 2: Integrated Membrane Operations for the Recovery of Chemical Feedstocks

5. Membranes for lignin and hemicellulose recovery in pulp mills

6. Membranes for the recovery of organic acids from fermentation broths

7. Recovery of polyphenols from olive mill wastewaters by membrane operations

8. Recovery of high-added value compounds from food waste by membrane technology

PART 3: Integrated Membrane Operations for Biofuel Production

9. Membranes for the removal of fermentation inhibitors in biomass pre-treatment

10. Membranes for ethanol dehydration

11. Bio-Oil Production and Upgrading: New Challenges for Membranes Applications

12. Biodiesel separation and purification using membrane technology

13. Harvesting algal biomass for biofuels using membranes

PART 4: Membrane Reactors

14. Membrane bioreactors for bioenergy production: an introduction

15. Membrane reactors for biomass hydrolysis

16. Pervaporation membrane reactors: biomass conversion into alcohols

17. Membrane reactors for methanol synthesis from forest-derived feedstocks 

18. Hydrogen production from pyrolysis-derived bio-oil using membrane reactors

19. Membrane reactors for hydrogen production from biomass-derived oxygenates (methanol, ethanol, etc.)

20. Biomethane production by biogas with polymeric membrane module
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Figoli, Alberto
Dr. Alberto Figoli obtained his PhD degree at Membrane Technology Group, Twente University (Enschede, The Netherlands) in 2001. He graduated in Food Science and Technology at the Agriculture University of Milan 1996. Since December 2001, he has a permanent position as Researcher at Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM-CNR) in Rende (CS), Italy.

He also had international experience in industrial research labs: about 1 year (1996) at Quest International Nederland B.V. (ICI), Process Research Group, Naarden (The Netherlands) on "Setting of a pilot plant for aromatic compounds extraction using the pervaporation (PV) membrane technology”; Secondment in 2010 and 2011 at GVS, SpA, Bologna, within the EU project "Implementation of Membrane Technology to Industry” (IMETI) on "Preparation and Characterisation of hybrid membranes for VOCs removal”.

He was granted for the "Short Term Mobility Programme” by CNR, in 2004 and 2005, at the "Environmental Protection Agency of United States (USEPA)”, Sustainable Technology Division, Cincinnati (USA) on "Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and aroma removal using a novel asymmetric membrane by pervaporation” nell'ambito dello "Short Term Mobility Programme” funded CNR.

He is responsible and involved in various National and International projects. He is also responsible, within the CNR organisation, for two research lines on membrane preparation and characterisation and on pervaporation (PV) applications.

He is author of more than 60 research papers in peer reviewed journals, several book chapters, a book, two patents and many oral presentations (also as invited lecture) in National and International Conferences and Workshops.
Cassano, Alfredo
Alfredo Cassano is permanent researcher at the Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM) of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) since 2000. He received his degree in Biology at the University of Naples in 1995. His main activity and scientific interests are related to researches in the field of the membrane technology.

Since 1995, this activity has been carried out in the field of pressure-driven membrane processes and membrane contactors applied to wastewater treatments and agro-food productions. It has mainly concerned the study of integrated membrane operations for the recovery of water and high added value compounds and removal of undesirable compounds from wastewaters and agro-food productions, clarification and concentration of fruit juices, milk and wine, water purification.

He attended to many national and international conferences on membranes with both oral and poster presentations. He also presented, as invited speaker, lectures at courses on membrane operations. He is involved as scientific responsible or main investigator in different national and international projects.

Alfredo Cassano is co-author of more than 70 scientific papers published in international journals, two patents and four books on membrane science and technology.
Basile, Angelo
Angelo Basile, a Chemical Engineer, is a senior Researcher at the ITM-CNR where he is responsible for research related to both the ultra-pure hydrogen production and CO2 capture using Pd-based Membrane Reactors. He also holds a full professor of Chemical Engineering Processes. He has 140 scientific papers in peer to peer journals and 230 papers in international congresses; editor/author of more than 40 scientific books and 100 chapters on international books on membrane science and technology; 6 Italian patents, 2 European patents and 5 worldwide patents. He is referee of 116 international scientific journals and member of the Editorial Board for 22 of them. Professor Basile is also associate editor of the international journal Hydrogen Energy and of the Asia-Pacific journal Chemical Engineering, and is Editor-in-chief of the international journal Membrane Science & Technology and Editor-in-chief of Membrane Processes (Applications), a section of the international journal Membranes. Professor Basile also prepared 25 special issues on membrane science and technology for many international journals (IJHE, Chem Eng. J., Cat. Today, etc.). He participated to and was/is responsible for many national and international projects on membrane reactors and membrane science, and previously served as Director of the ITM-CNR.

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