Slow growth in telecom services in Turkmenistan, a predominantly rural country and former Soviet republic, can be attributed to a large extent to the slow development of the private sector and state control over most economic activities.
Turkmen Telecom has been the primary provider of telecommunication services, and through a subsidiary, TM-Cell, it has been operating a GSM mobile network in competition with a private mobile operator, MTS Turkmenistan. Not surprisingly it has been the mobile services that have been dominating the expansion activity.
Turkmenistan's mobile market has experienced extraordinarily strong growth over 2007 to 2012 period. Over the 2013 to 2017 the mobile market increased at a much slower pace, as the market has moved closer to a saturation phase there has been an inevitable slowing in the growth rate. Slow growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. The market will be constrained from higher growth due to a further maturing market.
Turkmenistan has experienced a number of problems relating to communications technology. Despite efforts to upgrade the country's telecom infrastructure, the telephone network remained poorly developed and many villages have been left without telephone services. Fixed line penetration over the past four years has been increasing slowly from a relatively small base.
Fixed broadband penetration in Turkmenistan remains limited in scale and nature and extremely low mainly due to a limited number of fixed lines as well as the dominance of the mobile platform. Market penetration has not grown significantly over the last five years. Over the next five years to 2022 growth is expected to continue but overall market penetration will remain extremely low.
Turkmenistan has seen a strong increase in mobile broadband penetration over the past four years, however the mobile broadband market is still at an early stage of development and penetration remains relatively low compared to other Asian nations. Very strong growth is predicted over the next five years to 2022. The mobile broadband market will be driven by a rising level of mobile subscribers, increasingly faster speeds offered by the mobile operators as they roll out their 4G networks and falling prices due to strong competition.
- Turkmenistan's Ministry of Communication of Turkmenistan was reportedly preparing for the launch of a new mobile service provider.
- Satellite communications and internet services were launched in the settlement of Kirpili in the Akhal region and in a settlement in the Balkan region in Turkmenistan.
- The penetration of Internet users in Turkmenistan has been growing moderately over the past four years.
- MTS Turkmenistan announced plans to expand the coverage of its 3G network with the deployment of additional base stations.
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market Overview and Analysis
4.2 Regional Asian Market Comparison
4.3 Historical Overview
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Regulatory authority
5.2 Government policies - Censorship
6. Fixed network operators
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 Fibre Networks
8. Fixed-line broadband market
8.2 Broadband statistics and Forecast
9. Mobile market
9.2 Mobile Statistics and Forecast
9.3 Mobile Broadband Statistics and Forecast
10. Major mobile operators
10.1 Operator Statistics
10.3 TM Cell (Altyn Asyr)
10.4 Asgabat Saher Telefon Ulgamy (ASTU) (New Operator)
11. Digital Media
11.1.2 Local Developments
12. Related reports
List of Tables:
Table 1 Country statistics Turkmenistan 2017 (e)
Table 2 Telephone network statistics 2017 (e)
Table 3 Internet user statistics 2017 (e)
Table 4 Broadband statistics 2017 (e)
Table 5 Mobile statistics 2017 (e)
Table 6 National telecommunications authority
Table 7 Turkmenistan's GDP real growth rate 2003 - 2017
Table 8 Key Metrics - Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) - 2017 - 2022
Table 9 Fixed lines in service and penetration 1991 - 2017
Table 10 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2007 - 2022
Table 11 Internet users 1999 - 2017
Table 12 International internet bandwidth capacity 2002 - 2017
Table 13 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2007 - 2022
Table 14 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1997 - 2007
Table 15 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2013 - 2022
Table 16 Mobile operators and systems
Table 17 Mobile subscribers by operator and market share 2017
Table 18 Percentage of Population Covered by Type of Mobile Network
Table 19 MTS mobile subscribers 2005 - 2017
Table 20 Historic - MTS mobile ARPU 2004 - 2005; 2008 - 2014
Table 21 TM Cell mobile subscribers 2009 - 2017
List of Charts:
Chart 1 Mobile, Mobile Broadband & Fixed Broadband Penetration 2017; 2022
Chart 2 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index by Market Category
Chart 3 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index Central Asia
Chart 4 Asian Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita
Chart 5 Fixed Broadband vs Mobile Penetration - Central Asia (selected countries)
Chart 6 - Fixed lines in service and Penetration - 2000 - 2017
Chart 7 Fixed Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2007 - 2022
Chart 8 Mobile Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2007 - 2022
Chart 9 Mobile Broadband Subscribers and Penetration (with Forecast) 2013 - 2022
List of Exhibits:
Exhibit 1 Central Asia -Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
Broadband access remains limited in scale and nature. Fixed broadband penetration reached less than 1% by 2015. Market penetration is predicted to continue to remain low over the next five years to 2021. However Turkmenistan’s mobile market has experienced very strong growth over the last few years. However the market has moved closer to a saturation phase with a subsequent slowing in the growth rate. Market penetration reached 122% in 2015.
In 2015 the Turkmenistan President signed a decree founding the telecommunications company Asgabat Saher Telefon Ulgamy (ASTU). The new operator will provide telecommunications services in the capital city. The aim of setting up the new operator is to increase competition in the telecommunications market. Also in 2015 the country’s first communications satellite which was successfully launched.