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Parkinson's Disease Forecast and Market Analysis to 2035

  • ID: 3797401
  • Drug Pipelines
  • July 2020
  • Region: Global
  • 91 Pages
  • Datamonitor Healthcare
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Disease Overview

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia (slowness of movement), and postural instability. Patients also experience significant non-motor symptoms including changes in cognition and mood, sleep disturbances, and autonomic dysfunction. The condition is caused by the degeneration of dopamine-producing cells of the substantia nigra. Parkinson’s disease is incurable, but non-fatal, resulting in poor quality of life and increasing disability as the disease progresses.

Latest Key Takeaways

The publisher estimates that in 2019, there were 9.7 million prevalent cases of Parkinson’s disease (PD) in adults aged 40 years and older worldwide, and forecasts that number to increase to 12.4 million prevalent cases by 2027.

In the last 18 months there has been an array of impactful events that have occurred in the PD space. In a Phase II controlled study, Cerevel’s tavapadon exhibited statistical significance in the improvement of motor symptoms compared to placebo. Tavapadon is directed at D1 and D5 receptors, the latter of which no currently approved PD therapies target. Kyowa Kirin achieved a long-awaited US approval for Nourianz in August 2019, after initially being rejected by the US FDA in 2008. 2019 also saw updated results from Ongentys’s pivotal trials, confirming the drug’s superiority in increasing “on” time over placebo and a robust safety profile, thus paving the way for the drug’s successful US approval in April 2020.

Duopa is among the most lucrative drugs currently available in the PD market. A contributing factor to the drug’s successful market penetration is the clinical efficacy data achieved in trials. Duopa treatment significantly reduced “off” periods in PD patients compared to the standard of care, Sinemet (carbidopa/levodopa). While Duopa is also a carbidopa/levodopa combination, Duopa is delivered directly and continuously into the intestines by a pump for up to 16 hours per day, thus reducing or even eliminating fluctuations and “off” periods. The procedure is one of the most invasive in this market and comes with the usual risks of surgical complications. Duopa also has one of the highest price tags in the PD market, but since payers view the cost-effectiveness ratio positively, AbbVie looks set to maintain fruitful returns on Duopa.

Acadia’s Nuplazid, the first and only US-approved drug for Parkinson’s disease psychosis (PDP), should see exponential uptake over the coming years. In pivotal trials, Nuplazid demonstrated significant efficacy in reducing the hallucinations and delusions associated with PDP, and through its non-dopaminergic mechanism it has shown no negative impacts on motor function. Furthermore, most other atypical antipsychotics are contraindicated for PDP, with none approved by the FDA for this specific condition. Acadia reported $339.1m sales for Nuplazid in 2019, and this is expected to increase substantially over the coming decade given the lack of competition in this segment and the drug’s ongoing clinical development in other indications.

Neupro has performed considerably well commercially since its US approval in 2007, but a looming patent cliff jeopardizes the brand’s revenues in the PD market. Several factors have contributed to the drug’s performance, including a transdermal, continuous delivery system, its targeting of both early- and late-stage PD patients, monotherapy use, and its availability across the US, EU, and Japan. In trials the drug showed slightly lower efficacy compared to Mirapex (pramipexole), though despite this has established itself firmly in the PD treatment algorithm. UCB has fended off generic rivals thus far, but market exclusivity could expire in 2021. Currently, there are ongoing patent litigation battles, and if UCB fails to uphold relevant patents then genericization will diminish Neupro sales over the coming years.

Despite levodopa’s status as the drug of choice in PD, long-term use frequently results in diminished efficacy and the development of motor fluctuations and dyskinesia. Advanced PD, therefore, has the greatest opportunities for drug developers. Competition in the rescue therapy space has begun to heat up, with Inbrija and Kynmobi both approved over the past couple of years, and this segment will continue to grow as developers look to target the rapid treatment of “off” periods. Continuous infusions have also emerged to tackle this issue, mimicking the continuous release of dopamine in non-pathological conditions. These therapies have been the most efficacious in reducing “off” time and increasing quality “on” time. Developers have also incorporated complex devices/formulations to extend market exclusivity and combat generic imitations.

As has been the case for many years, and despite new drug entrants, one of the greatest unmet pharmacological needs in the treatment of PD is for neuroprotective therapies to prevent disease progression. In addition to this, more tolerable drugs and regimens are needed, as well as more effective drugs for non-motor symptoms, and improved control of motor fluctuations/“off” periods.

The majority of high-impact upcoming catalysts in the PD space comprise later-stage trial readouts for pipeline PD drugs. Roche plans a Phase II trial readout of its novel alpha-synuclein monoclonal antibody, prasinezumab, by the end of 2020. In later-stage trials, results from Amneal’s IPX203 Phase III trial in advanced PD patients experiencing motor fluctuations are expected by late 2020 or early 2021. Likewise, AbbVie foresees Phase III trial data in 2021 for its subcutaneous carbidopa/levodopa formulation, ABBV-951.
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Overview
  • Latest key takeaways
Disease Background
  • Definition
  • Patient segmentation
  • Symptoms
  • Risk factors
  • Diagnosis
Treatment
  • Non-pharmacological treatment approaches
  • Pharmacological therapy
  • Key pharmacological treatment guideline recommendations
Epidemiology
  • Prevalence methodology
Marketed Drugs

Pipeline Drugs

Key Regulatory Events
  • Keeping Track: CDER Ties Monthly Novel Approval Record with Nourianz Green Light
Probability of Success

Licensing and Asset Acquisition Deals
  • Bayer Eyes Indications Beyond BlueRock’s Initial Focus with $240m-Plus Buyout
Clinical Trial Landscape
  • Sponsors by status
  • Sponsors by phase
  • Recent events
Drug Assessment Model

Market Dynamics

Future Trends
  • Older, genericized core therapies will continue to dominate market share
  • Targeting niche PD segments with the greatest unmet needs will be highly rewarded
Consensus Forecasts

Recent Events and Analyst Opinion
  • THN102 for Parkinson’s Disease (March 31, 2020)
  • Foliglurax for Parkinson’s Disease (March 27, 2020)
  • Tavapadon for Parkinson’s Disease (September 23, 2019)
  • Nourianz for Parkinson’s Disease (August 27, 2019)
  • AP-CD/LD for Parkinson’s Disease (July 22, 2019)
  • Ongentys for Parkinson’s Disease (May 5, 2019)
  • VY-AADC for Parkinson’s Disease (May 5, 2019)
  • DynaCirc for Parkinson’s Disease (May 2, 2019)
  • AXO-Lenti-PD for Parkinson’s Disease (March 11, 2019)
  • Vectorized Alpha-Synuclein Antibody Program (AbbVie/Voyager) for Parkinson’s Disease (February 22, 2019)
  • AP-CD/LD for Parkinson’s Disease (February 19, 2019)
  • Kynmobi for Parkinson’s Disease (January 29, 2019)
  • VY-AADC for Parkinson’s Disease (January 29, 2019)
  • Protein Degradation Program (Biogen/C4) for Parkinson’s Disease (January 4, 2019)
Key Upcoming Events

Unmet Needs
  • Neuroprotective treatments that slow down or halt disease progression
  • Non-motor symptoms
  • Improved control of motor fluctuations/“wearing off” periods
  • New effective drug treatments with improved side-effect profiles
Bibliography
  • Prescription information
Appendix

List of Figures
Figure 1: Parkinson’s disease symptoms and symptom domains
Figure 2: Trends in prevalent cases of Parkinson’s disease, 2018–27
Figure 3: Overview of pipeline drugs for Parkinson's disease in the US
Figure 4: Pipeline drugs for Parkinson's disease, by company
Figure 5: Pipeline drugs for Parkinson's disease, by drug type
Figure 6: Pipeline drugs for Parkinson's disease, by classification
Figure 7: Probability of success in the Parkinson's disease pipeline
Figure 8: Clinical trials in Parkinson's disease
Figure 9: Top 10 drugs for clinical trials in Parkinson's disease
Figure 10: Top 10 companies for clinical trials in Parkinson's disease
Figure 11: Trial locations in Parkinson's disease
Figure 12: Parkinson's disease trials status
Figure 13: Parkinson's disease trials sponsors, by phase
Figure 14: The publisher's drug assessment summary for Parkinson's disease
Figure 15: Market dynamics in Parkinson's disease
Figure 16: Future trends in Parkinson's disease
Figure 17: THN102 for Parkinson’s Disease (March 31, 2020): Phase II – THN102-202
Figure 18: Foliglurax for Parkinson’s Disease (March 27, 2020): Phase II – AMBLED (Europe)
Figure 19: Tavapadon for Parkinson’s Disease (September 23, 2019): Phase II – Early Stage PD
Figure 20: Ongentys for Parkinson’s Disease (May 5, 2019): Phase III – BIPARK I (301; EU), Phase III – BIPARK II (302; EU)
Figure 21: VY-AADC for Parkinson’s Disease (May 5, 2019): Phase I – PD-1102
Figure 22: DynaCirc for Parkinson’s Disease (May 2, 2019): Phase III – STEADY-PD III
Figure 23: AXO-Lenti-PD for Parkinson’s Disease (March 11, 2019): Phase I/II – SUNRISE-PD (1 of 2)
Figure 24: AXO-Lenti-PD for Parkinson’s Disease (March 11, 2019): Phase I/II – SUNRISE-PD (2 of 2)
Figure 25: AP-CD/LD for Parkinson’s Disease (February 19, 2019): Phase II – IN18001 (vs. Sinemet)
Figure 26: Key upcoming events in Parkinson's disease

List of Tables
Table 1: Major approved treatments for Parkinson’s disease
Table 2: Prevalent cases of Parkinson’s disease, 2018–27
Table 3: Marketed drugs for Parkinson's disease
Table 4: Pipeline drugs for Parkinson's disease
Table 5: Historical global sales, by drug ($m), 2015–19
Table 6: Forecasted global sales, by drug ($m), 2020–24
Table 7: THN102 for Parkinson’s Disease (March 31, 2020)
Table 8: Foliglurax for Parkinson’s Disease (March 27, 2020)
Table 9: Tavapadon for Parkinson’s Disease (September 23, 2019)
Table 10: Nourianz for Parkinson’s Disease (August 27, 2019)
Table 11: AP-CD/LD for Parkinson’s Disease (July 22, 2019)
Table 12: Ongentys for Parkinson’s Disease (May 5, 2019)
Table 13: VY-AADC for Parkinson’s Disease (May 5, 2019)
Table 14: DynaCirc for Parkinson’s Disease (May 2, 2019)
Table 15: AXO-Lenti-PD for Parkinson’s Disease (March 11, 2019)
Table 16: Vectorized Alpha-Synuclein Antibody Program (AbbVie/Voyager) for Parkinson’s Disease (February 22, 2019)
Table 17: AP-CD/LD for Parkinson’s Disease (February 19, 2019)
Table 18: Kynmobi for Parkinson’s Disease (January 29, 2019)
Table 19: VY-AADC for Parkinson’s Disease (January 29, 2019)
Table 20: Protein Degradation Program (Biogen/C4) for Parkinson’s Disease (January 4, 2019)
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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