Yemen is a unique market for telecommunications providers to operate in because the ongoing civil conflict has resulted in around 75% of the population reportedly needing humanitarian assistance. In addition, it is a dangerous market for company personnel as well as destructive for infrastructure such as mobile towers which are often deliberately targeted.
In this situation, just supplying basic telecommunications services to the community becomes extremely challenging. It is difficult to perform maintenance to infrastructure in areas of open conflict and the safety of staff must be a top priority.
Despite this however, it is also vital that emergency communications services are available in order to perhaps convey warnings to citizens; allow aid organisations to co-ordinate their efforts; facilitate crisis mapping and provide information regarding access to food and medical relief.
Aid organisations, including those assisting to resolve telecommunications services, also face challenges moving about Yemen due to the security issues. One such aid organisation, the Emergency Telecommunication Cluster (ETC), has been operating in Yemen for a few years and is providing security telecommunications services and basic internet and power charging stations, where possible. ETC utilises a mix of technologies and particularly relies on satellite for some of the more difficult areas.
Satellite and radio communications have become important technologies generally to supply services in Yemen as in the rural and remote areas there is a scarcity of telecommunications equipment, infrastructure and service providers such as ISPs.
Until telecommunications infrastructure can be improved across Yemen and the civil unrest stabilises there will be very little progress ahead for the sector in the short term.
Please note: Yemen can be a difficult market to research given the volatile civil unrest and rising concerns regarding famine. All recent statistics are estimated only as the current situation is largely unknown. There is reportedly significant destruction to telecoms infrastructure.
Yemen had done much to upgrade and expand its telecom sector prior to the civil unrest. However tele-density remains among the lowest in the Arab states, reflecting Yemen's status as one of the poorest countries in the region.
Yemen is heavily dependent upon its revenue generated by oil production; however, the economy faces ongoing hardship as oil reserves deplete.
Companies covered in this report include:
TeleYemen, Public Telecommunications Corporation (PTC), Yemen Mobile, SabaFon, MTN Yemen, Y Telecom, Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC), DARE submarine cable consortium.
2. Key statistics
3. Country overview
4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Historical overview
4.2 Market analysis
4.3 Key industry considerations
5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Regulatory authority
5.2 Telecom sector liberalisation
5.4 Internet governance
6. Fixed network operators in Yemen
6.1 TeleYemen/Yemen International Telecommunication Company
6.2 Public Telecommunications Corporation (PTC)
7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 Overview of the national telecom network
7.2 International infrastructure (satellite, submarine)
8. Broadband access market
8.1 Introduction and statistical overview
8.1.1 Market analysis
8.1.2 Broadband statistics
8.1.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
8.1.4 Other fixed broadband services
9. Digital economy
10. Digital media
11. Mobile communications
11.1 Market analysis
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.3 Mobile broadband statistics
11.4 Regulatory issues
11.4.1 GSM licences awarded
11.4.2 Third GSM licence
11.5 Mobile infrastructure
11.6 Major mobile operators
11.6.1 MTN Yemen
11.6.3 TeleYemen/Yemen Mobile
11.6.4 HiTS Unitel/Y Telecom
12. Related reports
List of Tables
Table 1 Country statistics Yemen - 2018
Table 2 Telephone network statistics Yemen - 2016
Table 3 Fixed broadband statistics Yemen - 2016
Table 4 Mobile statistics Yemen - 2017
Table 5 National telecommunications authority
Table 6 Yemen GDP and inflation 2012 - 2018
Table 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1995 - 2016
Table 8 Internet penetration and households with Internet access 2010-2016
Table 9 Fixed broadband subscribers 2005 - 2016
Table 10 - International Internet bandwidth 2005 - 2016
Table 11 Mobile subscriptions and penetration 2013 - 2017
Table 12 Active mobile broadband subscriptions 2011 - 2017
Table 13 MTN Yemen - subscribers, ARPU, and market share 2009 - 2017
Table 14 MTN Yemen revenue and capex 2014 2017
Table 15 SabaFon subscribers 2004 2017 Q2
List of Charts
Chart 1 Mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration 2013 - 2017