The Carbon Nanomaterials Global Opportunity Report - Product Image

The Carbon Nanomaterials Global Opportunity Report

  • ID: 3972332
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 800 Pages
  • Future Markets, Inc
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Carbon Nanotubes (CNTS) and Graphene are the Strongest, Lightest and Most Conductive Fibres Known to Man, with a Performance-Per-Weight Greater than Any Other Material

This is a golden era for nanostructured carbon materials research. Graphitic carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.

Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine.

Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics.

Two-dimensional(2D) materials are currently one of the most active areas of nanomaterials research, and offer a huge opportunity for both fundamental studies and practical applications, including superfast, low-power, flexible and wearable electronics, sensors, photonics and electrochemical energy storage devices that will have an immense impact on our society.

Graphene is a ground-breaking two-dimensional (2D) material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. New methods of scalable synthesis of high-quality graphene, clean delamination transfer and device integration have resulted in the commercialization of state-of-the-art electronics such as graphene touchscreens in smartphones and flexible RF devices on plastics.

Beyond graphene, emerging elementary 2D materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides, group V systems including phosphorene, and related isoelectronic structures will potentially allow for flexible electronics and field-effect transistors that exhibit ambipolar transport behaviour with either a direct band-gap or greater gate modulation.

Nanodiamonds (NDs), also called detonation diamonds (DND) or ultradispersed diamonds (UDD), are relatively easy and inexpensive to produce, and have moved towards large-scale commercialization due to their excellent mechanical, thermal properties and chemical stability. Based upon their primary particle sizes, they have been classified into:

  • nanocrystalline particles (1 to =150 nm)
  • ultrananocrystalline particles (2 to 10 nm)
  • diamondoids (1 to 2 nm).

Carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds exhibit a unique combination of mechanical, thermal, electronic and optical properties that provide opportunities for new innovation in:

Electronics & Photonics

  • Conductive electrode films for flexible displays.
  • Transparent conductive films for large area and high-efficiency organic light emitting diodes.
  • 2D printable and transparent ultrathin electronic devices.
  • 2D transistors and circuits.
  • RFID tags.
  • 2D magnetic semiconductors.
  • Conductive inks for wearable electronics.
  • 2d MOSFETs.
  • Inkjet-printed electronics.
  • Flexible Graphene FETs.
  • Flexible TMD FETs for digital logic and RF.
  • Graphene optical modulators.
  • Electrically conductive textiles
  • Interconnects.

Energy

  • Li-ion battery additives.
  • Aerogel anodes for LIBs.
  • Proton exchange fuel cell membranes.
  • Hydrogen fuel cells.
  • CNT cathodes fithium sulfur batteries.
  • Electrodes for supercapacitors.
  • Transparent electrodes in photovoltaic cells.
  • SiG anodes.
  • Thermal spreaders.
  • Catalysts for energy conversion.
  • Sustainable electrocatalysis and photocatalysis.
  • Nanofluids for heat dissipation.
  • Flexible electrodes for polymer solar cells.

Automotive

  • Tire additives for improved abrasion resistance.
  • Anti-scratch and anti-corrosion coatings.
  • Automotive composites.
  • Anti-fogging coatings.

Aerospace

  • De-icing coatings.
  • Electrically conductive composites.
  • EMI shielding coatings.
  • Anti-corrosion coatings.
  • Glass additives.
  • Shape memory alloys.
  • Protective glass.

Biomedicine and Healthcare

  • Tissue engineering scaffols to facilitate cell growth and tissue regeneration.
  • Carriers for drug delivery.
  • Biosensor chips.
  • Brain electrodes.
  • Anti-bacterial materials.
  • Gene therapy.
  • Photodynamic therapy.
  • Cell imaging using carbon quantum dots.
  • Bone repair.
  • Glucose biosensors.
  • Wound management and anti-bacterial.
  • Graphene hydrogels for controlled delivery of drugs.
  • Porous carriers for drug delivery.
  • Carbon nanoonions as imaging probes.

Polymer Composites

  • Nanocomposites for wind turbines.
  • Barrier packaging materials.
  • ESD and EMI shielding.
  • Sporting goods composites (e.g. bike tires).
  • Composites with improved conductive and thermal properties.
  • Nanocomposite yarns.
  • Adhesives and pads for thermal interface materials.
  • Shape memory.

Filtration

  • Gas separation membranes.
  • Photocatalytic absorbents.
  • Ultrathin, high-flux and energy-efficient sieving membranes.
  • Arsenic removal from water.
  • Water desalination.

Sensors

  • Electrochemical sensors.
  • DNA detection platforms.
  • Pressure sensors.
  • Optical sensors.
  • Humidity sensors.
  • Acoustic sensors.
  • Wireless sensors.

This 800 page report on the carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds market is by far the most comprehensive and authoritative report produced.

  • Production volumes, estimated to 2027
  • Commercialization timelines and technology trends
  • Carbon nanotubes and graphene products, now and planned
  • Comparative analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene
  • Assessment of carbon nanomaterials market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.
  • Assessment of end user markets for carbon nanomaterials including market drivers and trends, applications, market opportunity, market challenges and application and product developer profiles.
  • Unique assessment tools for the carbon nanomaterials market, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real opportunities in carbon nanomaterials are.
  • Company profiles of carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2D materials and nanodiamonds producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details
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1 Research Methodology
1.1 Nanomaterials Market Rating System
1.2 Commercial Impact Rating System
1.3 Market Challenges Rating System

2 Executive Summary
2.1 Carbon Nanotubes
2.1.1 Exceptional properties
2.1.2 Products and applications
2.1.3 Threat from the graphene market
2.1.4 Production
2.1.4.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production
2.1.4.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production
2.1.5 Global demand for carbon nanotubes
2.1.5.1 Current products
2.1.5.2 Future products
2.1.6 Market drivers and trends
2.1.6.1 Electronics
2.1.6.2 Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries
2.1.7 Market and production challenges
2.1.7.1 Safety issues
2.1.7.2 Dispersion
2.1.7.3 Synthesis and supply quality
2.1.7.4 Cost
2.1.7.5 Competition from other materials
2.2 Two-dimensional (2D) materials
2.3 Graphene
2.3.1 Products
2.3.2 Short-term opportunities
2.3.3 Medium-term opportunities
2.3.4 Remarkable properties
2.3.5 Global funding and initiatives
2.3.5.1 Europe
2.3.5.2 Asia
2.3.5.3 United States
2.3.6 Products and applications
2.3.7 Production
2.3.8 Market drivers and trends
2.3.8.1 Production exceeds demand
2.3.8.2 Market revenues remain small
2.3.8.3 Scalability and cost
2.3.8.4 Applications hitting the market
2.3.8.5 Wait and see?
2.3.8.6 Asia and US lead the race
2.3.8.7 Competition from other materials
2.3.9 Market and technical challenges
2.3.9.1 Inconsistent supply quality
2.3.9.2 Functionalization and dispersion
2.3.9.3 Cost
2.3.9.4 Product integration
2.3.9.5 Regulation and standards
2.3.9.6 Lack of a band gap

3 Introduction
3.1 Properties of nanomaterials
3.2 Categorization

4 Carbon Nanotubes
4.1 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT)
4.2 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)
4.2.1 Single-chirality
4.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)
4.4 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)
4.5 Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)
4.6 Carbon Onions
4.7 Fullerenes
4.8 Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)
4.9 Properties
4.10 Applications of carbon nanotubes
4.10.1 High volume applications
4.10.2 Low volume applications
4.10.3 Novel applications

5 Graphene
5.1 History
5.2 Forms of graphene
5.3 Properties
5.4 3D Graphene
5.5 Graphene Quantum Dots
5.5.1 Synthesis
5.5.2 Applications
5.5.3 Producers

6 Nanodiamonds
6.1 Properties
6.2 Applications

7 Other 2D Materials
7.1 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene
7.1.1 Properties
7.1.2 Applications
7.2 CN
7.2.1 Properties
7.2.2 Applications
7.3 Carbon nitride
7.3.1 Properties
7.3.2 Applications
7.4 Germanene
7.4.1 Properties
7.4.2 Applications
7.5 Graphdiyne
7.5.1 Properties
7.5.2 Applications
7.6 Graphane
7.6.1 Properties
7.6.2 Applications
7.7 Hexagonal boron nitride
7.7.1 Properties
7.7.2 Applications
7.7.3 Producers
7.8 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)
7.8.1 Properties
7.8.2 Applications
7.9 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
7.9.1 Properties
7.9.2 Applications
7.10 Silicene
7.10.1 Properties
7.10.2 Applications
7.11 Stanene/tinene
7.11.1 Properties
7.12 Applications
7.13 Tungsten diselenide
7.13.1 Properties
7.13.2 Applications

8 Comparative Analysis Of Graphene And Carbon Nanotubes
8.1 Comparative properties
8.2 Cost and production
8.3 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids
8.4 Competitive market analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene

9 Carbon Nanotube Synthesis
9.1 Arc discharge synthesis
9.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
9.3 Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)
9.4 High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis
9.4.1 High Pressure CO (HiPco)
9.4.2 CoMoCAT
9.5 Flame synthesis
9.6 Laser ablation synthesis
9.7 Silane solution method

10 Graphene Synthesis
10.1 Large area graphene films
10.2 Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets
10.3 Production methods
10.3.1 Production directly from natural graphite ore
10.3.2 Alternative starting materials
10.3.3 Quality
10.4 Synthesis and production by types of graphene
10.4.1 Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)
10.4.2 Graphene nanoribbons
10.4.3 Large-area graphene films
10.4.4 Graphene oxide flakes (GO)
10.5 Pros and cons of graphene production methods
10.5.1 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
10.5.2 Exfoliation method
10.5.3 Epitaxial growth method
10.5.4 Wet chemistry method (liquid phase exfoliation)
10.5.5 Micromechanical cleavage method
10.5.6 Green reduction of graphene oxide
10.5.7 Plasma
10.6 Recent synthesis methods
10.6.1 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and University of Western Australia 164
10.6.2 Graphene Frontiers
10.6.3 MIT and the University of Michigan
10.6.4 Oak Ridge National Laboratory/University of Texas/General Graphene
10.6.5 University of Florida/Donghua University
10.6.6 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) and Case Western Reserve University 167
10.6.7 Trinity College Dublin
10.6.8 Sungkyunkwan University and Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT) 167
10.6.9 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Chonbuk National University and KRICT
10.6.10 NanoXplore
10.6.11 Carbon Sciences Inc
10.6.12 California Institute of Technology
10.6.13 Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology
10.6.14 Oxford University
10.6.15 University of Tokyo
10.7 Synthesis methods by company

11 Carbon Nanotubes Market Structure

12 Graphene Market Structure And Routes To Commercialization

13 Regulations And Standards
13.1 Europe
13.1.1 REACH
13.1.2 Biocidal Products Regulation
13.1.3 National nanomaterials registers
13.1.4 Cosmetics regulation
13.1.5 Food safety
13.2 United States
13.2.1 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
13.3 Asia
13.3.1 Japan
13.3.2 South Korea
13.3.3 Taiwan
13.3.4 Australia

14 Carbon Nanotubes Patents

15 Graphene Patents And Publications
15.1 Fabrication processes
15.2 Academia
15.3 Regional leaders

16 Technology Readiness Level
16.1 Carbon nanotubes
16.2 Graphene
16.3 Nanodiamonds

17 Carbon Nanotubes End User Market Segment Analysis
17.1 Production volumes in metric tons, 2010-2025
17.2 Carbon nanotube producer production capacities
17.3 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes
17.3.1 Japan
17.3.2 China
17.4 Main carbon nanotubes producers
17.4.1 SWNT production
17.4.1.1 OCSiAl
17.4.1.2 FGV Cambridge Nanosystems
17.4.1.3 Zeon Corporation
17.5 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs
17.5.1 MWNTs
17.5.2 SWNTs
17.6 Applications
    
18 Graphene End User Market Segment Analysis
18.1 Graphene production volumes 2010-2025
18.2 Graphene producers and production capacities

19 Nanodiamonds End User Segment Analysis
19.1 Demand by market
19.2 Market challenges
19.3 Production volumes in tons, 2010-2025
19.4 Production volumes, by region
19.5 Prices

20 Adhesives
20.1 Market Drivers And Trends
20.1.1 Thermal management in high temperature electronics
20.1.2 Environmental sustainability
20.2 Properties And Applications
20.3 Market Size And Opportunity
20.3.1 Total market size
20.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
20.4 Market Challenges
20.5 Application And Product Developers
20.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
20.5.2 Graphene

21 Aerospace
21.1 Market Drivers And Trends
21.1.1 Safety
21.1.2 Reduced fuel consumption and costs
21.1.3 Increased durability
21.1.4 Multi-functionality
21.1.5 Need for new de-icing solutions
21.1.6 Weight reduction
21.1.7 Need for improved lightning protection materials
21.2 Properties And Applications
21.2.1 Composites
21.2.1.1 CESD protection
21.2.1.2 Conductive cables
21.2.1.3 Anti-friction braking systems
21.2.2 Coatings
21.2.2.1 Anti-icing
21.2.3 Sensors
21.3 Market Size And Opportunity
21.3.1 Total market size
21.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
21.4 Market Challenges
21.5 Application And Product Developers
21.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
21.5.2 Graphene

22 Automotive
22.1 Market Driver And Trends
22.1.1 Environmental regulations
22.1.2 Lightweighting
22.1.3 Increasing use of natural fiber composites
22.1.4 Safety
22.1.5 Cost
22.1.6 Need for enhanced conductivity in fuel components
22.1.7 Increase in the use of touch-based automotive applications
22.2 Properties And Applications
22.2.1 Composites
22.2.2 Thermally conductive additives
22.2.3 Vehicle mass reduction
22.2.4 Lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles
22.2.5 Paints and coatings
22.3 Market Size And Opportunity
22.3.1 Composites
22.3.1.1 Total market size
22.3.1.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
22.3.2 Coatings
22.3.2.1 Total market size
22.3.2.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
22.3.3 Market Challenges
22.4 Application And Product Developers
22.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
22.4.2 Graphene

23 Biomedical & Healthcare
23.1 Market Drivers And Trends
23.1.1 Improved drug delivery for cancer therapy
23.1.2 Shortcomings of chemotherapies
23.1.3 Biocompatibility of medical implants
23.1.4 Anti-biotic resistance
23.1.5 Growth in advanced woundcare market
23.1.6 Growth in the wearable monitoring market
23.1.7 Cancer therapy
23.1.7.1 Immunotherapy
23.1.7.2 Thermal ablation
23.1.7.3 Stem cell therapy
23.1.7.4 Graphene oxide for therapy and drug delivery
23.1.7.5 Graphene nanosheets
23.1.7.6 Gene delivery
23.1.7.7 Photodynamic Therapy
23.1.8 Medical implants and devices
23.1.9 Wound dressings
23.1.10 Biosensors
23.1.10.1 FRET biosensors for DNA detection
23.1.11 Medical imaging
23.1.12 Tissue engineering
23.1.13 Dental
23.1.14 Electrophysiology
23.2 Market Size And Opportunity
23.3 Market Challenges
23.3.1 Potential toxicity
23.3.2 Safety
23.3.3 Dispersion
23.4 Application And Product Developers
23.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
23.4.2 Graphene

24 Coatings
24.1 Market Drivers And Trends
24.1.1 New functionalities and improved properties
24.1.2 Need for more effective protection
24.1.3 Sustainability and regulation
24.1.4 Cost of corrosion
24.1.5 Need for improved hygiene
24.1.6 Cost of weather-related damage
24.1.7 Increased demand for coatings for extreme environments
24.2 Properties And Applications
24.2.1 Anti-static coatings
24.2.2 Anti-corrosion coatings
24.2.2.1 Marine
24.2.2.2 Oil and gas
24.3 Anti-microbial
24.3.1 Anti-icing
24.3.2 Barrier coatings
24.3.3 Heat protection
24.3.4 Anti-fouling
24.3.5 Wear and abrasion resistance
24.3.6 Smart windows
24.4 Market Size And Opportunity
24.5 Product Developers
24.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.5.2 Graphene

25 Composites
25.1 Market Drivers And Trends
25.1.1 Growing use of polymer composites
25.1.2 Increased need for advanced, protective materials
25.1.3 Improved performance over traditional composites
25.1.4 Multi-functionality
25.1.5 Growth in use in the wind energy market
25.1.6 Need for new flame retardant materials
25.1.7 Environmental impact of carbon fibers
25.1.8 Shortcomings of natural fiber composites and glass fiber reinforced composites 304
25.2 Properties And Applications
25.2.1 Polymer composites
25.2.2 Barrier packaging
25.2.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding 307
25.2.4 Wind turbines
25.2.5 Ballistic protection
25.2.6 Cement additives
25.2.7 Sporting goods
25.2.8 Wire and cable
25.2.9 Thermal management
25.2.10 Rubber and elastomers
25.3 Market Size And Opportunity
25.3.1 Total market size
25.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
25.4 Market Challenges
25.5 Application And Product Developers
25.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
25.5.2 Graphene

26 Electronics And Photonics
26.1 Carbon nanotubes in electronics
26.2 Graphene and 2D materials in electronics
26.2.1 Properties
26.2.2 Applications
26.3 Flexible Electronics, Conductive Films And Displays
26.3.1 Market Drivers And Trends
26.3.1.1 ITO replacement for flexible electronics
26.3.2 Properties And Applications
26.3.2.1 Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics
26.3.2.2 Electronic paper
26.3.3 Market Size And Opportunity
26.3.3.1 Touch Panel And Ito Replacement
26.3.4 Challenges
26.3.4.1 Competing materials
26.3.4.2 Cost in comparison to ITO
26.3.4.3 Fabricating SWNT devices
26.3.4.4 Problems with transfer and growth
26.3.4.5 Improving sheet resistance
26.3.4.6 Difficulties in display panel integration
26.3.5 Application And Product Developers
26.3.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.3.5.2 Graphene
26.4 Conductive Inks
26.4.1 Market Drivers And Trends
26.4.1.1 Increased demand for printed electronics
26.4.1.2 Limitations of existing conductive inks
26.4.1.3 Growth in the 3D printing market
26.4.1.4 Growth in the printed sensors market
26.4.2 Properties And Applications
26.4.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.4.2.2 Graphene
26.4.3 Market Size And Opportunity
26.4.3.1 Total market size
26.4.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
26.4.4 Market Challenges
26.4.5 Application And Product Developers
26.4.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.4.5.2 Graphene
26.5 Transistors And Integrated Circuits
26.5.1 Market Drivers And Trends
26.5.1.1 Scaling
26.5.1.2 Limitations of current materials
26.5.1.3 Limitations of copper as interconnect materials
26.5.1.4 Need to improve bonding technology
26.5.1.5 Need to improve thermal properties
26.5.2 Properties And Applications
26.5.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.5.2.2 Graphene
26.5.2.3 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits
26.5.2.4 Graphene spintronics
26.5.3 Market Size And Opportunity
26.5.4 Challenges
26.5.4.1 Device complexity
26.5.4.2 Competition from other materials
26.5.4.3 Lack of band gap
26.5.4.4 Transfer and integration
26.5.5 Application And Product Developers
26.5.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.5.5.2 Graphene
26.6 Memory Devices
26.6.1 Market Drivers And Trends
26.6.1.1 Density and voltage scaling
26.6.1.2 Growth in the smartphone and tablet markets
26.6.1.3 Growth in the flexible electronics market
26.6.2 Properties And Applications
26.6.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.6.2.2 Graphene
26.6.3 Market Size And Opportunity
26.6.3.1 Total market size
26.6.4 Application And Product Developers
26.6.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.6.4.2 Graphene
26.7 Photonics
26.7.1 Market Drivers And Trends
26.7.1.1 Increased bandwidth at reduced cost
26.7.1.2 Increasing sensitivity of photodetectors
26.7.2 Properties And Applications
26.7.2.1 Si photonics versus graphene
26.7.2.2 Optical modulators
26.7.2.3 Photodetectors
26.7.2.4 Plasmonics
26.7.2.5 Fiber lasers
26.7.3 Challenges
26.7.3.1 Need to design devices that harness graphene’s properties
26.7.3.2 Problems with transfer
26.7.3.3 THz absorbance and nonlinearity
26.7.3.4 Stability and sensitivity
26.7.4 Market Size And Opportunity
26.7.4.1 Total market size
26.7.4.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
26.7.5 Market Challenges
26.7.6 Application And Product Developers

27 Energy Storage, Conversion And Exploration
27.1 Batteries
27.1.1 Market Drivers And Trends
27.1.1.1 Growth in personal electronics, electric vehicles and smart grids markets
27.1.1.2 Reduce dependence on lithium
27.1.1.3 Shortcomings of existing battery and supercapacitor technology
27.1.1.4 Reduced costs for widespread application
27.1.1.5 Power sources for flexible electronics
27.1.2 Properties And Applications
27.1.2.1 Li-ion batteries (LIB)
27.1.2.2 Lithium-air batteries
27.1.2.3 Sodium-ion batteries
27.1.3 Market Size And Opportunity
27.1.3.1 Total market size
27.1.3.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
27.1.4 Challenges
27.1.5 Application And Product Developers
27.2 Supercapacitors
27.2.1 Market Drivers And Trends
27.2.1.1 Reducing costs
27.2.1.2 Demand from portable electronics
27.2.1.3 Inefficiencies of standard battery technology
27.2.1.4 Problems with activated carbon
27.2.2 Properties And Applications
27.2.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
27.2.2.2 Graphene
27.2.2.3 Graphene/CNT hybrids
27.2.3 Market Size And Opportunity
27.2.3.1 Total market size
27.2.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
27.2.4 Challenges
27.2.4.1 Low Energy Storage Capacity Of Graphene
27.2.5 Application And Product Developers
27.3 Photovoltaics
27.3.1 Market Drivers And Trends
27.3.1.1 Need for new materials and novel devices
27.3.1.2 Need for cost-effective solar energy for wider adoptions
27.3.1.3 Varying environmental conditions require new coating technology
27.3.2 Properties And Applications
27.3.2.1 Solar cells
27.3.2.2 Solar coatings
27.3.3 Market Size And Opportunity
27.3.3.1 Total Market Size
27.3.3.2 Carbon Nanomaterials Opportunity
27.3.4 Market Challenges
27.3.5 Application And Product Developers
27.4 Fuel Cells And Hydrogen Storage
27.4.1 Market Drivers And Trends
27.4.1.1 Need for alternative energy sources
27.4.1.2 Demand from transportation and portable and stationary power sectors
27.4.1.3 Temperature problems with current fuel cell technology
27.4.1.4 Reducing corrosion problems
27.4.1.5 Limitations of platinum
27.4.1.6 Reducing cost and increasing reliability of current fuel cell technology
27.4.2 Application And Product Developers
27.4.3 Properties And Applications
27.4.3.1 Fuel cells
27.4.3.2 Hydrogen storage
27.4.4 Market Size And Opportunity
27.4.4.1 Total market size
27.4.4.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
27.4.5 Challenges
27.5 LED Lighting And UVC
27.5.1 Market Drivers And Trends
27.5.1.1 Need to develop low-cost lighting
27.5.1.2 Environmental regulation
27.5.1.3 Limited efficiency of phosphors in LEDs
27.5.1.4 Shortcomings with LED lighting technologies
27.5.1.5 Improving flexibility
27.5.1.6 Improving performance and costs of UV-LEDs
27.5.2 Properties And Applications
27.5.3 Market Size And Opportunity
27.5.3.1 Total Market Size
27.5.3.2 Carbon Nanomaterials Opportunity
27.5.4 Market Challenges
27.5.5 Application And Product Developers
27.6 Oil And Gas Exploration
27.6.1 Market Drivers And Trends
27.6.1.1 Need to reduce operating costs and improve operation efficiency
27.6.1.2 Increased demands of drilling environments
27.6.1.3 Increased exploration in extreme environments
27.6.1.4 Environmental and regulatory
27.6.2 Properties And Applications
27.6.2.1 Sensing and reservoir management
27.6.2.2 Coatings
27.6.2.3 Drilling fluids
27.6.2.4 Sorbent materials
27.6.2.5 Separation
27.6.3 Market Size And Opportunity
27.6.3.1 Total Market Size
27.6.3.2 Nanotechnology And Nanomaterials Opportunity
27.7 Application And Product Developers
27.7.1 Carbon nanotubes
27.7.2 Graphene

28 Filtration And Separation
28.1 Market Drivers And Trends
28.1.1 Water shortage and population growth
28.1.2 Need for improved and low cost membrane technology
28.1.3 Need for improved groundwater treatment technologies
28.1.4 Cost and efficiency
28.1.5 Growth in the air filter market
28.1.6 Need for environmentally, safe filters
28.2 Properties And Applictions
28.2.1.1 Desalination and water filtration
28.2.1.2 Gas separation
28.3 Market Size And Opportunity
28.3.1.1 Total market size
28.3.1.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
28.4 Challenges
28.4.1.1 Uniform pore size and distribution
28.4.1.2 Cost
28.5 Application And Product Developers
28.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.5.2 Graphene

29 Lubricants
29.1 Market Drivers And Trends
29.1.1 Need for new additives that provide “more for less”
29.1.2 Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency
29.1.3 Environmental concerns
29.2 Properties And Applications
29.3 Market Size And Opportunity
29.3.1 Total market size
29.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
29.4 Challenges
29.5 Application And Product Developers
29.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
29.5.2 Graphene

30 Sensors
30.1 Market Drivers And Trends
30.1.1 Increased power and performance with reduced cost
30.1.2 Enhanced sensitivity
30.1.3 Replacing silver electrodes
30.1.4 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market
30.1.5 Improved thermal stability
30.2 Properties And Applications
30.2.1 Gas sensors
30.2.2 Strain sensors
30.2.3 Biosensors
30.2.4 Food sensors
30.2.5 Infrared (IR) sensors
30.2.6 Optical sensors
30.2.7 Pressure sensors
30.2.8 Humidity sensors
30.2.9 Acoustic sensors
30.2.10 Wireless sensors
30.3 Market Size And Opportunity
30.3.1 Total market size
30.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
30.4 Challenges
30.5 Application And Product Developers
30.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
30.5.2 Graphene

31 Textiles And Apparel
31.1 Market Drivers And Trends
31.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market
31.1.2 Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics
31.2 Properties And Applicatons
31.2.1 Protective textiles
31.2.2 Electronic textiles
31.3 Market Size And Opportunity
31.3.1.1 Protective textiles
31.3.1.2 Electronic textiles
31.4 Application And Product Developers
31.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
31.4.2 Graphene

32 3D Printing
32.1 Market Drivers And Trends
32.1.1 Improved Materials At Lower Cost
32.1.2 Limitations Of Current Thermoplastics
32.2 Properties And Applications
32.3 Market Size And Opportunity
32.3.1 Total Market Size
32.3.2 Carbon Nanomaterials Opportunity
32.4 Challenges
32.5 Application And Product Developers
32.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
32.5.2 Graphene

33 Carbon Nanotubes Producers And Product Developers (181 Company Profiles)

34 Graphene Producers And Product Developers (187 Company Profiles)

35 Nanodiamonds Producers (13 Company Profiles)

36 References

List of Tables

Table 1: Nanomaterials scorecard for carbon nanotubes
Table 2: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications
Table 3: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
Table 4: Annual production capacity of MWNT and SWNT producers
Table 5: SWNT producers production capacities 2015
Table 6: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014.
Table 7: Consumer products incorporating graphene
Table 8: Graphene target markets-Applications potential addressable market size
Table 9: Graphene producers annual production capacities
Table 10: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014.
Table 11: Graphene types and cost per kg
Table 12: Categorization of nanomaterials
Table 13: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes.
Table 14: Properties of carbon nanotubes
Table 15: Properties of graphene
Table 16: Graphene quantum dot producers
Table 17: Markets, benefits and applications of nanodiamonds
Table 18: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS
Table 19: Markets and applications of phosphorene
Table 20: Markets and applications of C2N
Table 21: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
Table 22: Markets and applications of graphdiyne
Table 23: Markets and applications of graphane
Table 24: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
Table 25: Markets and applications of MoS
Table 26: Markets and applications of Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
Table 27: Markets and applications of silicene
Table 28: Markets and applications of stanene/tinene
Table 29: Markets and applications of tungsten diselenide
Table 30: Comparative properties of carbon materials
Table 31: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes
Table 32: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025
Table 33: SWNT synthesis methods
Table 34: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 35: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 36: Main production methods for graphene
Table 37: Graphene synthesis methods, by company
Table 38: Carbon nanotubes market structure
Table 39: Graphene market structure
Table 40: National nanomaterials registries in Europe
Table 41: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia
Table 42: Top ten countries based on number of nanotechnology patents in USPTO 2014-2015
Table 43: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Table 44: Leading graphene patentees
Table 45: Industrial graphene patents in 2014
Table 46: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025
Table 47: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers
Table 48: SWNT producers production capacities 2015
Table 49: Example carbon nanotubes prices
Table 50: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes
Table 51: Potential market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for graphene in key applications
Table 52: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Table 53: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets
Table 54: Production volumes of nanodiamonds (tons), 2010-2025
Table 55: Example prices of nanodiamonds
Table 56: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives
Table 57: Applications in adhesives, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 58: Carbon nanomaterials in the adhesives market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 59: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the adhesives market
Table 60: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 61: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 62: Applications in aerospace composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 63: Applications in aerospace coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 64: Carbon nanomaterials in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 65: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the aerospace market
Table 66: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 67: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 68: Applications of natural fiber composites in vehicles by manufacturers
Table 69: Applications in automotive composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 70: Nanocoatings applied in the automotive industry
Table 71: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in the automotive sector
Table 72: Carbon nanomaterials in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 73: Applications and commercilization challenges in the automotive market
Table 74: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the automotive market
Table 75: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive industry
Table 76: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive industry
Table 77: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine
Table 78: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare
Table 79: Carbon nanomaterials in the biomedical & healthcare markets-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 80: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry
Table 81: Graphene product and application developers in the biomedical and healthcare industry
Table 82: Properties of nanocoatings
Table 83: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings
Table 84: Markets for nanocoatings
Table 85: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 86: Graphene and 2D materials in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 87: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 88: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 89: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites
Table 90: Applications in polymer composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 91: Applications in ESD and EMI shielding composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 92: Applications in thermal management composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 93: Applications in rubber and elastomers, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 94: Potential addressable market size for carbon nanomaterials composites in tons
Table 95: Carbon nanomaterials in the composites market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 96: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the composites market
Table 97: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites industry
Table 98: Graphene product and application developers in the composites industry
Table 99: Comparison of ITO replacements
Table 100: Global market for wearables, 2014-2021, units and US$
Table 100: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market
Table 101: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays
Table 102: Graphene product and application developers in in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays
Table 103: Comparative properties of conductive inks
Table 104: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 105: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics
Table 106: Nanomaterials in the conductive inks market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 107: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the conductive inks market
Table 108: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 109: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 110: Comparison of Cu, CNTs and graphene as interconnect materials
Table 111: Applications in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 112: Carbon nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 113: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market
Table 114: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in integrated circuits, transistors and other components
Table 115: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits
Table 116: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the memory devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 117: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices
Table 118: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices
Table 119: Applications in photonics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 120: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators
Table 121: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 122: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market
Table 123: Graphene product and application developers in photonics
Table 124: Applications in LIB, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 125: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 126: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 127: Carbon nanomaterials opportunity in the batteries market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 128: Market challenges in batteries
Table 129: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the batteries market
Table 130: Carbon nanomaterials application and product developers in batteries
Table 131: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries
Table 132: Properties of carbon materials in high-performance supercapacitors
Table 133: Carbon nanomaterials in the supercapacitors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 134: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in supercapacitors
Table 135: Applications in solar, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 136: Applications in solar coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 137: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 138: Market challenges for nanomaterials in solar
Table 139: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market
Table 140: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in solar
Table 141: Carbon nanonomaterials application and product developers in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 142: Applications in fuel cells, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 143: Applications hydrogen storage, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 144: Carbon nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 145: Applications in lighting, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 146: Carbon nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 147: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market
Table 148: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in lighting
Table 149: Applications in sensing and reservoir management, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 150: Applications in oil & gas exploration coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 151: Applications in oil & gas exploration drilling fluids, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 152: Applications in oil & gas exploration sorbent materials, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 153: Applications in separation, by carbon anomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 154: Carbon nanomaterials in the oil and gas market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 155: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy industry
Table 156: Graphene product and application developers in the energy industry
Table 157: Types of filtration
Table 158: Applications in desalination and water filtration, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 159: Applications in gas separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 160: Application markets, competing materials and current market size in filtration
Table 161: Graphene and 2D materials in the filtration and separation market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 162: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the filtration and environmental remediation market
Table 163: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 164: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 165: Applications in lubricants, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 166: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
Table 167: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in lubricants market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 168: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lubricants market
Table 169: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 170: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 171: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Table 172: Applications in strain sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 173: Applications in strain sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 174: Applications in biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 175: Applications in food sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 176: Applications in infrared (IR) sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 177: Applications in optical sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 178: Applications in pressure sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 179: Applications in humidity sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 180: Applications in acoustic sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 181: Applications in wireless sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 182: Carbon nanomaterials in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 183: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market
Table 184: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 185: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 186: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials
Table 187: Applications in textiles, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 188: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications
Table 189: Carbon nanomaterials in the textiles market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 190: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry
Table 191: Graphene product and application developers in the textiles industry
Table 192: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing
Table 193: Carbon nanomaterials in the 3D printing market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 194: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the textiles and apparel market
Table 195: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 196: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 197: CNT producers and companies they supply/licence to
Table 198: Graphene producers and types produced
Table 199: Graphene industrial collaborations and target markets

List of Figures

Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT
Figure 2: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014
Figure 3: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015
Figure 4: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015
Figure 5: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD
Figure 6: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
Figure 7: Global consumption of graphene 2015, by region
Figure 8: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
Figure 9: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model
Figure 10: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns
Figure 11: TEM image of carbon onion
Figure 12: Fullerene schematic
Figure 13: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red
Figure 14: Graphene layer structure schematic
Figure 15: Graphite and graphene
Figure 16: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.
Figure 17: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4)
Figure 18: Graphene quantum dots
Figure 19: Black phosphorus structure
Figure 20: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal
Figure 21: Schematic of germanene
Figure 22: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 23: Schematic of Graphane crystal
Figure 24: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Figure 25: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
Figure 26: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
Figure 27: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
Figure 28: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide
Figure 29: Silicene structure
Figure 30: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
Figure 31: Silicene transistor
Figure 32: Crystal structure for stanene
Figure 33: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
Figure 34: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
Figure 35: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite
Figure 36: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames
Figure 37: Arc discharge process for CNTs
Figure 38: Schematic of thermal-CVD method
Figure 39: Schematic of plasma-CVD method
Figure 40: CoMoCAT® process
Figure 41: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame
Figure 42: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis
Figure 43: Graphene synthesis methods
Figure 44: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF
Figure 45: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium
Figure 46: Methods of synthesizing high-quality graphene
Figure 47: Roll-to-roll graphene production process
Figure 48: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process
Figure 49: Microwave irradiation of graphite to produce single-layer graphene
Figure 50: Schematic of typical commercialization route for graphene producer
Figure 51: Nanotechnology patent applications, 1991-2015
Figure 52: Share of nanotechnology related patent applications since 1972, by country
Figure 53: CNT patents filed 2000-2014
Figure 54: Patent distribution of CNT application areas to 2014
Figure 55: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Figure 56: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes
Figure 57: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene
Figure 58: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanodiamonds
Figure 59: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025
Figure 60: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014
Figure 61: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market
Figure 62: Production volumes of Carbon Nanotubes 2015, by region
Figure 63: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in batteries
Figure 64: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in Polymer reinforcement
Figure 65: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
Figure 66: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market
Figure 67: Production volumes of nanodiamonds, 2010-2025
Figure 68: Production volumes of nanodiamonds 2015, by region
Figure 69: Nanomaterials-based automotive components
Figure 70: The Tesla S's touchscreen interface
Figure 71: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel
Figure 72: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis
Figure 73: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT
Figure 74: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) “graphene paint” coating
Figure 75: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate
Figure 76: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market
Figure 77: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates faceto-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte
Figure 78: Flexible transistor sheet
Figure 79: Foldable graphene E-paper
Figure 80: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018
Figure 81: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm)
Figure 82: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $)
Figure 83: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, %
Figure 84: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, %
Figure 85: Global market revenues for smart wearable devices 2014-2021, in US$
Figure 86: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates
Figure 87: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
Figure 88: Nanotube inks
Figure 89: Graphene printed antenna
Figure 90: BGT Materials graphene ink product
Figure 91: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics
Figure 92: Transistor architecture trend chart
Figure 93: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene fieldeffect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 94: CMOS Technology Roadmap
Figure 95: Figure 38: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs
Figure 96: Graphene IC in wafer tester
Figure 97: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene fieldeffect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 98: Emerging logic devices
Figure 99: Stretchable CNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics
Figure 100: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate
Figure 101: Emerging memory devices
Figure 102: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 103: Schematic of NRAM cell
Figure 104: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM)
Figure 105: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt
Figure 106: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
Figure 107: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors
Figure 108: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries
Figure 109: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger
Figure 110: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module
Figure 111: Perforene graphene filter
Figure 112: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament

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