+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)


Graphite: Technologies and Global Markets

  • ID: 4384534
  • Report
  • August 2017
  • Region: Global
  • 278 Pages
  • BCC Research
The Global Market for Graphite Reached $12.5 Billion in 2016 and Should Reach $18.2 Billion in 2021


  • Abalonyx AS
  • CKR Carbon Corporation
  • Grafite do Brasil
  • Heg Limited
  • Mustang Resources Limited
  • Showa Denko Kk

Report Includes:

  • In depth review of the global graphite market.
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2015 and 2016, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2021.
  • Complete coverage of the exploding battery market and its impact on the graphite mining industry and the graphite markets.
  • Details and discussion of the graphite mines under development with data on all ongoing projects.
  • Discussion of the major challenges and opportunities faced by the market.
  • Regional analysis of the market with respect to production, prices and export and import data.
  • Review of the graphite-related patents by chronology and by market players.
  • Detailed profiles of major companies in the industry with complete financial details.
  • The most comprehensive graphite market analysis available today.

Report Scope:

The report covers the global graphite markets, providing the market information for 2015 and 2016 and forecasts for 2021.

The scope of the report is coverage of the four graphite market segments - refractory and metallurgy, electrical, technical, and the rest - analyzed by application and geography. Estimated values used are based on manufacturers’ total revenues.

Refractory and metallurgy markets cover those applications that make use of the high temperature stability of graphite. Electrical applications are those that tap into the high electrical conductivity of purer grades of graphite. Technical markets make use of the strength properties, lubrication and radiation absorption. For these segments, we report the status and changes happening in the markets.

The graphite market can also be segmented into natural and synthetic graphite markets. One of the focus areas is the development of natural graphite mining and application, driven largely by the lithium-ion battery markets that are fundamentally changing the structure of the graphite industry.

For the synthetic graphite market, the report covers the nature of individual application markets, focusing on graphite electrodes. Another application covered in detail is cathodes for aluminum smelting.

In terms of geographic segmentation of the market, the report provides detailed statistics of mining data as well as trade data. Trade statistics for graphite exports and imports for various countries are analyzed in detail, and the past growth rates are provided. Geographical segmentation for numerous application markets is provided.

The large change in natural graphite mining is going to shift the balances of trade for a large number of countries and these changes are also discussed in this report. China has been the market leader in the segment. Australian and Canadian companies will make strong inroads into the market in the coming years, and could command a quarter of the market in 2021.

One specific chapter covers the graphite material industry characteristics. In this chapter, the material properties of graphite that make it unique are detailed, and the market structure is discussed. Both natural and synthetic graphite markets are detailed.

A chapter specific to U.S. and European markets is provided. This should be of interest to companies active in these markets and also for graphite companies wanting to sell into these regions.

A later chapter reviews the details of the applications for graphite including well established markets such as electrodes, cathodes, carbon brushes, alkaline batteries, pencils, and friction; as well as the upcoming and faster growing applications such as lithium-ion batteries and nuclear. Each application segment is reviewed in detail to show the market statistics, expected growth rates, technological changes, mergers, acquisitions and sales of companies if any, as well as any unique characteristic of each industry.

Patents and intellectual property aspects of the graphite market are detailed in a separate chapter. Here, a review of the number of patents granted by the U.S. Patent Office is analyzed chronologically. In another section of this chapter, all individual players actively developing technologies are discussed. The companies that are in the forefront of such technology and application development, such as Tesla are specifically analyzed in detail.

The last chapter of the report covers individual companies that are active in the graphite market. This chapter covers not only the nature and size of each of the operating companies, but also provides the financial data for each company wherever available, and the economic analysis for the graphite mines that are newly being developed. Address and contact details for the market participants are provided.

Key Highlights:

  • The global market for graphite reached $12.5 billion in 2016 and should reach $18.2 billion in 2021, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.7% from 2016 through 2021
  • The refractory and metallurgical segment reached $17.2 billion in 2016 and should reach $9.4 billion in 2021, growing at a CAGR of 5.5% from 2016 through 2021
  • The electrical application segment reached $661 billion in 2016 and should reach nearly $2.0 billion in 2021, growing at a CAGR of 24.7% from 2016 through 2021
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown


  • Abalonyx AS
  • CKR Carbon Corporation
  • Grafite do Brasil
  • Heg Limited
  • Mustang Resources Limited
  • Showa Denko Kk

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • Study Goals and Objectives
  • Reasons for Doing This Study
  • Intended Audience
  • Scope of Report
  • Information Sources
  • Methodology
  • Geographic Breakdown
  • Analyst's Credentials
  • Related Reports

Chapter 2: Summary and Highlights

Chapter 3: Graphite Markets

  • Graphite: Introduction
  • Structure and Properties
  • Applications
  • Natural Graphite
  • Natural Amorphous Graphite
  • Natural Flake Graphite
  • Natural Crystalline / Vein Graphite
  • Synthetic Graphite
  • An Ever-Profitable Business
  • Isotropic Graphite
  • Graphite Markets
  • Natural Graphite Market
  • China - What Is Really Going On?
  • Natural Graphite Mining
  • Costs for Mining Graphite
  • Vein Graphite
  • Flake Graphite Mining is Hot
  • Synthetic Graphite Market
  • Graphene
  • Graphite Market Structure
  • Graphite Market Trends and Forecasts
  • Impact on the Natural Graphite Markets
  • Impact on the Synthetic Graphite Markets
  • Vertical Integration in Natural Graphite Markets

Chapter 4: United States and European Graphite Markets

  • United States Graphite Market
  • Natural Graphite
  • Synthetic Graphite
  • European Graphite Markets
  • Natural Graphite Imports
  • Natural Graphite Exports
  • Synthetic Graphite Imports
  • Synthetic Graphite Exports

Chapter 5: Graphite Applications Market

  • Graphite Electrodes for Steel Making
  • Cathode Bricks
  • Graphite Crucibles
  • Refractory Applications
  • Graphite for Lithium Ion Batteries
  • Global Battery Markets
  • Global Lithium Ion Batteries Market
  • Application Markets for Lithium Ion Batteries
  • Status of Gigafactories
  • Graphite Consumption in Batteries
  • Processing Natural Graphite for Lithium Ion Batteries
  • New Graphite Mines Supporting L-iB Market
  • Market Forecast
  • Alkaline Battery
  • Carbon Brush Market
  • Fuel Cell Applications
  • Friction - Brake Pads, Linings and Clutch Facings
  • Carbon Fibers / Graphite Fibers
  • Expandable Graphite
  • Graphene Applications
  • Nuclear Applications
  • Recarburizer Market for Steels
  • Pencils Market
  • Other Graphite Markets and Applications
  • Global Graphite Market Projections

Chapter 6: Graphite Technologies and Patents

  • Graphite Applications in Batteries
  • Patent Analysis by Year
  • Core Patents in Battery Applications of Graphite
  • Graphite Patents in Battery Applications: by Company

Chapter 7: Company Profiles

List of Tables:
Summary Table: Global Graphite Markets, by Segment, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 1 Overview of Graphite Applications by Property
Table 2 Flake Graphite Grades: Particle Sizes, Market Terminology and Prices
Table 3 Synthetic Graphite: Material and Energy Inputs Needed
Table 4 List of Graphite Applications, by Type of Graphite Used
Table 5 Applications by Purity and Particle Size of Graphite Used
Table 6 Global Isostatic Graphite Manufacturers and Capacities (MT)
Table 7 Global Export Data of Natural Graphite, Through 2015 ($ Thousands)
Table 8 Global Import Data of Natural Graphite, Through 2015 ($ Thousands)
Table 9 Global Natural Graphite Resources and Production, Through 2015 (Thousands per MT
Table 10 Production, Capex and Revenue Estimates of 45 New Graphite Mines Under Development
Table 11 Global Export Data of Synthetic Graphite, 2011-2015 ($ Thousands)
Table 12 Global Import Data of Synthetic Graphite, by Country, through 2015 ($ Thousands)
Table 13 Estimates for Revenues from Graphite Companies, by Country, 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 14 Graphite Grades Used in Various Applications and Markets That Will be Disrupted
Table 15 Natural Graphite Data for United States, 2011-2015 (MT)
Table 16 Natural Graphite Consumption in the United States, 2013 (MT)
Table 17 Natural Graphite Import Data for E.U. Countries,2011-2016 (MT)
Table 18 Natural Graphite Import Data for E.U. Countries, 2011-2016 (Million Euros)
Table 19 Average Natural Graphite Import Price, by Country, 2016 (€ per MT)
Table 20 Natural Graphite Export Data for E.U. Countries, 2011-2016 (MT)
Table 21 Natural Graphite Export Data for E.U. Countries, 2011-2016 (Million Euros)
Table 22 Average Natural Graphite Export Price, by Country, 2016 (€ per MT)
Table 23 Synthetic Graphite Import Data for E.U. Countries, 2011-2016 (MT)
Table 24 Synthetic Graphite Import Data for E.U. Countries, 2011-2016 (Million Euros)
Table 25 Average Synthetic Graphite Import Price, by Country, 2016 (€ per MT)
Table 26 Synthetic Graphite Export Data for E.U. Countries, 2011-2016 (MT)
Table 27 Synthetic Graphite Export Data for E.U. Countries, 2011-2016 (Million Euros)
Table 28 Average Synthetic Graphite Export Price, by Country, 2016 (€ per MT)
Table 29 Typical Electrode Composition
Table 30 Partial List of Customers for Graphite Electrodes in the Steel Industry (EAF)
Table 31 Global Market for Graphite Electrodes, by Region, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 32 Global Graphite Demand for Cathodes, Through 2021 (MT)
Table 33 Global Market for Graphite Cathodes, by Region, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 34 Global Market for Graphite Crucibles, by Region, through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 35 Global Market for Graphite Refractories, by Region, through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 36 Lithium Ion Battery Exports by Country, 2012-2016 ($ Millions)
Table 37 Lithium Ion Battery Imports, by Country, 2012-2016 ($ Millions)
Table 38 List of Companies in the Lithium Battery Industry, by Country
Table 39 Top Ten Electric Vehicles in the European Market, 2016 (%)
Table 40 Electric Vehicles and Launch Years
Table 41 Companies Investing in Battery Technology for Electric Vehicles
Table 42 Projected Graphite Demand from Gigafactories
Table 43 Application Markets for Lithium Ion Batteries and Growth Rates, 2014 and 2024
Table 44 Estimates for Graphite Usage in Vehicle Batteries (Kg)
Table 45 Estimates for Graphite Usage in Automotive Batteries, By Market Penetration of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles
Table 46 Comparison of Natural and Synthetic Graphite for Use in Lithium Ion Batteries
Table 47 Cost and Property Comparison of L-iB Anode Materials
Table 48 Canadian Graphite Mining Companies
Table 49 Australian Graphite Mining Companies
Table 50 Graphite Size Distribution of Advanced Mining Projects (%)
Table 51 Graphite Demand for Batteries, by Application, through 2021 (MT)
Table 52 Global Market for Graphite in Lithium Ion Battery Industry, by Region, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 53 Global Market for Graphite in Alkaline Batteries, by Region, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 54 Global Market for Graphite in Carbon Brush Industry, by Region, through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 55 Global PEMFC Market, by Region, Through 2017 ($ Millions)
Table 56 Global Market for Graphite in Fuel Cells Market, through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 57 Brake Pad Technologies and Graphite Usage in Each
Table 58. Global Graphite Demand for Friction Industry, Through 2021 (MT)
Table 59 Global Market for Graphite in Friction Industry, by Region, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 60 Companies Active on Expandable Graphite Business
Table 61 Global Market for Carbon Fibers and Expandable Graphites, by Region, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 62 Unique Properties of Graphene
Table 63 Comparison of Graphene Types and Graphite Markets
Table 64 Graphite Properties in Nuclear Applications
Table 65 Graphite Grades Compared per Nuclear Market Targets
Table 66 Global Market for Graphites in Recarburizers, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 67 Global Market for Graphite in Pencils, by Region, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 68 High Purity Graphite Market Demand and Price, by Segment, 2017
Table 69 Global Market for Graphite in All Other Applications Combined, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 70 Global Graphite Markets, by Application, Through 2021 ($ Millions)
Table 71 U.S. Patents Specific to Battery Applications of Graphite, 1976-2016
Table 72 Number of U.S. Graphite Patents on Battery Applications by Company Name
Table 73 U.S. Patents Granted to Tesla on Graphite Usage
Table 74 Financials at AMG-GK, 2015 and 2016
Table 75 Financials at Alabama Graphite, 2014-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 76 Financial Estimates for Coosa Project, Alabama Graphite
Table 77 Financials at American Graphite Technologies, 2011-2015 (U.S. Dollars)
Table 78 Resource Estimates of the Eyre Peninsula Graphite Projects, Archer Exploration Ltd
Table 79 Feasibility Study Estimates of the Eyre Peninsula Graphite Project, Archer Exploration Ltd
Table 80 Consolidated Findings of the Montepuez DFS and PSG PFS, Battery Minerals Ltd
Table 81 Financials at Battery Minerals Ltd., 2012-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 82 Scoping Study Estimates of the Mahenge Graphite Project, Black Rock Mining Ltd.
Table 83 Financials at Black Rock Mining Ltd., 2012-2016 (U.S. Dollars)
Table 84 Financials at Bora Bora Resources,2012 2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 85 Project Feasibility Estimates of the Matale Project, Bora Bora Resources
Table 86 Financials at Canada Carbon, 2015 and 2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 87 Financials at Capricorn Metals Limited, 2012-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 88 Financials at China Carbon Graphite Group, 2011-2013 ($ Thousands)
Table 89 Financials at China Carbon Graphite Group, 2014-2016 ($)
Table 90 Estimates of the Aukam Graphite Deposit, CKR Carbon
Table 91 Financials at CKR Carbon Corporation, 2012-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 92 Graphite Products and Properties, Cocan Graphite
Table 93 Financials at Discovery Africa Limited, 2012-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 94. Financials at DNI Metals Inc., 2014-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 95 Financials at Eagle Graphite, 2015 and 2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 96 Production Plans at Eagle Graphite, 2015-2019
Table 97 Financials at Elcora, 2015 and 2016
Table 98 Financials at Fangda Carbon,2011-2015 (¥ Millions)
Table 99 Financial Estimates for First Graphite, 2017-2020
Table 100 Financials at Focus Graphite, 2014-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 101 Financial Estimates for Focus Graphite
Table 102 Graftech Company Financials, 2015 and 2016 ($ Millions)
Table 103 Financials at Graniz Mondal Inc., 2012-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 104 Financials at Graphene 3D Labs, 2014-2016 ($)
Table 105 Estimates from Financial Feasibility Analysis of Chilalo Project, Graphex Mining
Table 106 Financials at Graphite India, 2015 and 2016 ($ Millions)
Table 107 Financials at Graphite One, 2014-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 108 Estimates from Preliminary Economical Analysis of Graphite Creek Project, Graphite One
Table 109 Financials at Great Lakes Graphite, 2015 and 2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 110 Financials at Haydale, by Region, 2013-2016 (GBP)
Table 111 Estimates from Financial Feasibility Analysis of McIntosh Project, Hexagon Resources
Table 112 Hitachi Chemicals Anode Materials Revenue, 2013-2016 ($ Millions)
Table 113 Imerys Graphite and Carbons Segment Revenue, 2014-2016 ($ Millions)
Table 114 Financials for Electronic Division at Kaneka Corporation, 2012-2016 (¥ Millions)
Table 115 Graphite Properties, Karabacak Mining Industry
Table 116 Estimates from Financial Feasibility Analysis of Epanko Project, Kibaran Resources
Table 117 Estimates from Financial Feasibility Analysis of Battery Grade Graphite Processing Project, Kibaran Resources
Table 118 Financials at Kibaran Resources, 2013-2016 ($)
Table 119 Financials at Lanka Graphite Limited, 2012-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 120 Financials at Leading Edge Materials, 2015 and 2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 121 Resource Estimates of Kookaburra Gully Project, Lincoln Resources
Table 122 Financials at Lincoln Resources Limited,2013-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 123 Financials at Lomiko Metals Inc., 2012-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 124 Estimates from Feasibility Analysis of the Nachu Project, Magnis Resources
Table 125 Financials at Magnis Resources, 2014-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 126 Estimates from Feasibility Analysis of the Lac Gueret Project, Mason Graphite (Canadian Dollars
Table 127 Financials at Mason Graphite, 2015 and 2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 128 Products Offered by Nacional De Grafite
Table 129 Graphite Production Plants of Nacional De Grafite
Table 130 Financials at Next Graphite Inc., 2013-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 131 Financials at NextSource Materials, 2015 and 2016
Table 132 Financial Estimates for NextSource Materials Under Full Production at Molo
Table 133 Estimates of the Bisset Creek Project, Northern Graphite (U.S. Dollars)
Table 134 Financials at Northern Graphite, 2014-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 135 Estimates of the Matawinie Project, Nouveau Monde Graphite ($)
Table 136 Financials at Nouveau Monde Graphite, 2014-2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 137 Graphite Properties, Oysu Graphite Mining
Table 138 Financials at Saint Jean Carbon, 2015 and 2016 (Canadian Dollars)
Table 139 Financials at SEC Carbon, by Product Line, 2013-2016 ($ Millions)
Table 140 Financials at SGL Carbon for Graphitic Products, 2015 and 2016 (€ Millions)
Table 141 Financials at Showa Denko for Segments Related to Graphite Markets, 2015 ($ Millions)
Table 142 Financials at Sinosteel Jilin Carbon, 2011-2015 (Million Chinese Yuan)
Table 143 Financials at Sovereign Metals Limited, 2012-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 144 Financials at Stratmin, 2014-2016 (Thousands GBP)
Table 145 Estimates of the Balama Project, Syrah Resources (U.S. Dollars)
Table 146 Financials at Syrah Resources, 2015 and 2016 ($ Thousands)
Table 147 Resource Estimates of the Swedish Graphite Projects, Talga Resources
Table 148 Project Feasibility Estimates of the Swedish Graphite Projects, Talga Resources
Table 149 Financials at Talga Resources, 2013-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 150 Financials at Tokai Carbon for Graphite Related Segments, 2011-2016 (¥ Millions)
Table 151 Financials at Tokai Carbon for Selected Segments, 2015-2016 (¥ Millions)
Table 152 Financials at Toyo Tanso for Graphite Related Segments, 2015-2016 (¥ Millions)
Table 153 Project Feasibility Estimates of the Nicanda Hill - Balama Graphite Project, Triton Minerals, 2014 Data
Table 154 Feasibility Study Estimates of the Uley Phase Ii Graphite Project, Valence Industries
Table 155 Resource Estimates of the Uley Graphite Projects, Valence Industries
Table 156 Financials at Valence Industries Limited, 2012-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 157 Pre-Feasibility Study Estimates of the Namangale Graphite Project, Volt Resources Ltd.
Table 158 Financials at Volt Resources Limited, 2012-2016 (Australian Dollars)
Table 159 Feasibility Study Estimates of the Lindi Jumbo Graphite Project, Walkabout Resources Ltd.
Table 160 Project Feasibility Estimates of the Albany Graphite Project, Zenyatta Ventures
Table 161 Financials at Zenyatta, 2014-2016 (Canadian Dollars)

List of Figures:
Summary Figure: Global Graphite Markets, by Segment, 2015-2021 ($ Millions)
Figure 1 Structure of Graphite
Figure 2 Flow Chart for Synthetic Graphite Production
Figure 3 Ever-Profitable Market Dynamics for Synthetic Graphite, 2005-2016e (Million Yen)
Figure 4 Comparison of Particle Size and Purity for Natural and Synthetic Graphites
Figure 5 Flow Chart for Isotropic Graphite Production
Figure 6 Amorphous and Flake Graphite Import Prices into the U.S., 2010-2015 ($ per MT, USD)
Figure 7 Global Graphite Resources and Production, 2015 (%)
Figure 8 Costs Associated with Graphite Mining and Production (%)
Figure 9 Operating Costs for a Graphite Mine, Example (%)
Figure 10 Comparison of Prices of Sri Lankan Graphite to Rest of The World, 2010-2015 ($ Per MT, USD)
Figure 11 Value Additions in Graphite Processing for L-iB Market
Figure 12 Schematic of Process Steps for Graphite Processing for Lithium Ion Battery Applications
Figure 13 Graphite Content in the Mineral Resources Identified at Various Mines Globally (%TGC)
Figure 14 Flake Graphite Particle Sizes Compared for Various Mines Under Development (%)
Figure 15 Market Price for Graphite Grades, 2011-2020 ($ per MT, USD)
Figure 16 Graphene Oxide Markets and Acceptance Based on Price Points
Figure 17 Number of Companies Operating in the Graphite Market, by Country
Figure 18 Global Graphite Market Revenues, Share by Country, 2016 and 2021 (%)
Figure 19 Graphite Electrode Manufacturing Cost Breakdown (%)
Figure 20 Global Steel Production and Production Using Electric Arc Furnace, 2011-2015 (Million Metric Tons
Figure 21 Global Steel Production, by Region, 2016 (%)
Figure 22 Global Graphite Electrode Consumption in Electric Arc Furnaces, 2011-2015 (MT)
Figure 23 Graphite Electrode Manufacturing Capacity for Largest Six Manufacturers, 2015 (Thousand Metric Tons per Year)
Figure 24 Market Share for Graphite Electrodes for Steel Industry, by Region, 2015 (%)
Figure 25 Aluminum Global Production, 2008-2021 (Million Metric Tons)
Figure 26 Global Market Shares for Aluminum Smelting Cathodes, by Company (%)
Figure 27 Trends in Graphite Usage in Aluminum Smelting Cathodes, 2005-2020 (Tons per Year)
Figure 28 Comparison of Lead Acid and Lithilum Ion Battery Markets, 2012 and 2020 ($ Millions)
Figure 29 Global Rechargeable Battery Market, by Technology, 1995-2015 (Million Watt Hours)
Figure 30 Global Rechargeable Battery Market, by Technology, 2000-2015 (Number of Cells, Millions)
Figure 31 Timeline of Electric Vehicle Launches by Selected Manufacturers
Figure 32 Global Plug-In Electric Vehicle Sales, 2012-2016 (Number of Vehicles)
Figure 33 Number of Electric Vehicles, 2015-2025 (Millions)
Figure 34 Projected Changes in Cost, Weight, Capacity and Range of Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles, 2015-2020
Figure 35 Battery Costs for Three Application Segments, 2015-2020 ($ per kWh, USD)
Figure 36 Gigafactory Capacities, 2013-2020 (GWh)
Figure 37 Global Lithium Ion Battery Cell Production Capacities, by Country (GW)
Figure 38 Market Share for Lithium Ion Batteries, by Application, 2013 (%)
Figure 39 Costs of an Electric Battery
Figure 40 Natural Graphite Market Share Growth in Lithium Ion Battery Anodes, 2006-2014 (Tons)
Figure 41 Growth in Material Usage for Flake Graphite, Lithium and Cobalt in Lithium Ion Batteries, 2010-2014 (%)
Figure 42 Spherical Graphite Exports from China, 2009-2015 (Tons)
Figure 43 Cross-Section of a Spiral Wound Lithium Ion Battery
Figure 44 North American Graphite Mines Comparison (Million Metric Tons Ore)
Figure 45 Australian Graphite Mines Comparison (Million Tons Graphite, Grade (Cg)(%))
Figure 46 73 Publicly Listed Graphite Companies, by Stage of Development
Figure 47 North American Lithium Ion Battery Companies, by Location
Figure 48 Market Prices for Graphite by Flake Size, 2015 and 2020 (Price per MT, USD)
Figure 49 PEM Fuel Cell Shipments, by Count, 2009-2015 (Thousands)
Figure 50 PEM Fuel Cell Shipments, 2009-2015 (MW)
Figure 51 Schematic of Expandable Graphite Production
Figure 52 Expansion Ratios of Treated Graphite Grades from Selected Sources (mL/g)
Figure 53 Relation Between Expansion Ratios and Graphite Particle Size (mL/gg)
Figure 54 Flake Graphite Pricing for Expandable Graphite, By Size ($ per MT)
Figure 55 Property Comparison of Graphene with Other Materials
Figure 56 Graphene Production Technologies and Scalability
Figure 57 Global Graphene Market Share by Application, 2015 (%)
Figure 58 Graphene Market Size Estimates, 2014-2020 ($ Millions)
Figure 59 Schematic of a Pebble Bed Nuclear Reactor
Figure 60 Number of U.S. Patents on Graphite Technologies, 1976-2016 (Number of Patents)
Figure 61 Number of U.S. Patents on Graphite Technologies for Battery Applications, 1976-2016 (Number of Patents)
Figure 62 Chronological Review of Graphite Patents for Battery Applications (Number of Patents)
Figure 63 Revenues at HEG Limited India, 2014-2016 ($ Millions)
Figure 64 Financials at Nippon Carbon, 2013-2018 ($ Millions)

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown



  • Abalonyx AS
  • CKR Carbon Corporation
  • Grafite do Brasil
  • Heg Limited
  • Mustang Resources Limited
  • Showa Denko Kk

Analyst Credentials

Vijay Subramanian has a Ph.D. in Materials Science from the University of Cincinnati, and extensive experience in the field of materials and their global markets. He worked for more than a decade in the automotive industry in the U.S., and later in India, and owns several U.S. patents. Dr. Subramanian has authored reports for this publisher since 2012. Dr. Subramanian lives with his wife and two daughters in Kochi, India.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
  • Abalonyx AS
  • Advanced Metallurgic Group Nv
  • Alabama Graphite Corp
  • American Graphite Technologies Inc
  • Anson Resources
  • Archer Exploration Limited
  • Ardiden Limited
  • Asbury Carbons
  • Baoji Tianrui Nonferrous Metal Materials Co. Ltd.
  • Bass Metals Ltd.
  • Battery Minerals Ltd
  • Beijing Great Wall Co. Ltd.
  • Beijing Jixing Sheng'an Industry & Trade Co. Ltd
  • Beijing North Xin Yuan Electrical Carbon Products Co. Ltd.
  • Berkwood Resources Ltd.
  • Bgwi Carbon Graphite
  • Black Rock Mining Limited
  • Bora Bora Resources
  • Braide Graphite Group Co., Ltd.
  • Buxton Resources Limited
  • Canada Carbon Inc.
  • Canada Strategic Metals
  • Capricorn Metals Ltd.
  • Castle Minerals Limited
  • Chengdu Artech Specialty Graphite Co., Ltd.
  • China Carbon Graphite Group Inc.
  • China Weifang Xucheng Industrial & Trading (Import & Export) Co. Ltd.
  • Chotanagpur Graphite Industries
  • CKR Carbon Corporation
  • Cobalt Power Group Inc.
  • Cocan Graphite Mill Inc.
  • Coulometrics
  • Datong Xincheng New Material Co, Ltd.
  • Directa Plus S.P.A
  • Discovery Africa Limited
  • DNI Metals Inc.
  • Dominik Georg Luh Technografit Gmbh
  • Dorfner Anzaplan
  • Eagle Graphite
  • Elcora Advanced Materials
  • Energoprom Group
  • Faima Srl
  • Fangda Carbon New Material Co. Ltd.
  • First Graphite Limited
  • Focus Graphite Inc.
  • Georg H. Luh Gmbh
  • Ges Middle East FZE
  • Global Graphene Technologies
  • Grafite do Brasil
  • Graftech International Holdings Inc.
  • Graniz Mondal Inc
  • Graphel
  • Graphene 3D Lab, Inc.
  • Graphene Batteries As
  • Graphenea
  • Graphex Mining Limited
  • Graphexel Ltd.
  • Graphite & Mineral Products Pvt. Ltd
  • Graphite Impex Inc.
  • Graphite India Ltd.
  • Graphite One
  • Great Lakes Graphite Inc.
  • Gungnir Resources Inc.
  • Haida Group
  • Haihan Industry Inc.
  • Haydale Limited
  • Heg Limited
  • Hexagon Resources Limited
  • Hitachi Chemical Co. Ltd.
  • Hong Feng Carbon Products Co., Ltd
  • Imagine Intelligent Materials
  • Imerys Graphite And Carbon
  • Nippon Power Graphite Ltd
  • Industrial Carbons Pvt. Ltd.
  • James Durrans Group
  • Jiangsu Xinhe International Trade Co. Ltd
  • Jiaozuo Zhongzhou Carbon Co. Ltd. (Zhongzhou Carbon)
  • Jilin Songjiang Carbon I/E Co. Ltd.
  • Kaifeng Carbon Co., Ltd.
  • Kaiyu Industrial (HK) Limited
  • Kaneka Corporation
  • Karabacak Mining Industry And Foreign Trade Tourism Inc.
  • Kibaran Resources Limited
  • Klipstone
  • Lanka Graphite Limited
  • Leading Edge Materials Corp
  • Liaoning Mineral & Metallurgy Group Co. Ltd.
  • Lincoln Minerals Ltd.
  • Linzhang County Huaye Carbon Co. Ltd
  • Lomiko Metals Inc.
  • LST Metallurgy Co., Ltd.
  • Magnis Resources
  • Mason Graphite Inc
  • Mersen Sa
  • Morgan Advanced Materials
  • Mustang Resources Limited
  • Nacional De Grafite Ltda.
  • Nanoxplore
  • Nantong Fareast Graphite Chemical Equipment Co. Ltd.
  • Nantong Yangzi Carbon Co. Ltd.
  • Nevado Resources Corporation
  • New Fareast Industry Co., Ltd
  • Next Graphite Inc.
  • Nextsource Materials Inc.
  • NGS Trading & Consulting Gmbh
  • Nippon Carbon Co Ltd
  • Nippon Graphite Fiber Corporation
  • Noram Ventures Inc.
  • Northern Graphite
  • Nouveau Monde Graphite Inc.
  • Ontario Graphite Ltd.
  • Oysu Graphite Mining Industrial Trade Corporation
  • PKF Harmony
  • Pyrotek
  • Qingdao Black Dragon Graphite Co., Ltd.
  • Qingdao Dongshan Graphite Co. Ltd.
  • Qingdao Guangxing Electronic Materials Co., Ltd.
  • Qingdao Hensen Graphite Co. Ltd.
  • Qingdao Sungraf Materials Co., Ltd
  • Qingdao Tennry Carbon Co. Ltd.
  • Renascor Resources Limited
  • Saint Jean Carbon Inc.
  • Sama Graphite Inc./Sama Resources Inc.
  • Sayona Mining Limited
  • Sec Carbon Ltd.
  • SGL Carbon Se
  • Showa Denko Kk
  • Sichuan GMT International Inc.
  • Sinosteel Jilin Carbon Co., Ltd.
  • Sinotech (Dalian) Carbon & Graphite Manufacturing Corporation
  • Sinotek Materials Co. Ltd.
  • Skaland Graphite AS
  • South Graphite Co Ltd
  • Sovereign Metals Limited
  • Standard Graphite
  • Stratmin Global Resources PLC
  • Superior Graphite
  • Syrah Resources
  • Taiginsky Mining and Processing Plant Llc
  • Talga Resources
  • Tangshan Sinom Group Co., Ltd.
  • Thomas Swan & Co Ltd.
  • Tianjin Btr New Energy Science and Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Tirupati Carbons And Chemicals Pvt Ltd.
  • Tokai Carbon Co Ltd
  • Toyo Tanso Co Ltd
  • Triton Minerals Ltd
  • Valence Industries Ltd.
  • Valterra Resource Corporation
  • Volt Resources Ltd.
  • Walkabout Resources Limited
  • X–Energy LLC
  • Xrd Graphite Manufacturing Co. Ltd. (Graphite Xrd)
  • Yichang Huabang Graphite Co., Ltd
  • Yichang Xincheng Graphite Co., Ltd
  • Yixiang Graphite Group
  • Zavalivskiy Graphite Ltd.
  • Zenyatta Ventures Ltd.
  • Zhanming Rare Earth Alloy Co. Ltd.
  • Zhozhou Chenxin Induction Equipment Co. Ltd. (Cx–Induction)
  • Zibo Duocheng Trading Co. Ltd.
  • Zibo Feilong Photovoltaic Technology Co. Ltd.
  • Zibo Huaming Graphite Materials Co. Ltd.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown