Costa Rica - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband, and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses - Product Image

Costa Rica - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband, and Digital Media - Statistics and Analyses

  • ID: 4392917
  • Report
  • Region: Costa Rica
  • 54 Pages
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
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Costa Rica Sees Two Operators Secure Mobile Spectrum at 2017 Auction

Costa Rica’s liberalised telecom sector has seen substantial growth in all sectors in recent years. Although competition was slow to develop there is now effective competition in all sectors. The state owned operator ICE remains the dominant provider of fixed-line services, while the regional operators Claro and Movistar are significant players in the important mobile services market.

The number of fixed-lines fell for a number of years though more recently the decline has been offset by growing consumer use of VoIP services. This has been stimulated by the recent hike in tariffs for fixed-line calls.

Costa Rica’s broadband market is the most developed in Central America, with the highest broadband penetration for this sub-region. Geographical distribution however is unequal, with a much higher digital gap than in the case of telephone services. Compared with the whole of Latin America, Costa Rica’s broadband penetration lags behind Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and some Caribbean islands.

There was a steady increase in overall telecom sector revenue for a number of years, peaking at 24% 2014 though this has since fallen, being a more moderate 3% in 2016. Fixed-line voice services account for about 5% of revenue while revenue from VoIP services, though increasing sharply in recent years, still accounts for only 1%. Total investment by operators has fallen in recent years, from 2.2% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2012 to only 0.7% in 2016. Overall sector revenue has accounted for 3% of GDP in the three years since 2014.

The Costa Rican telecom sector has showed greater resilience than most in the region, and with the implementation of number portability there is greater scope for increased competition in coming years.

The DTT market continues to develop, with the first digital broadcast made in 2012, though there are as yet few subscribers to the service. The switch to DTTV is expected to be completed by the end of 2017.

Key Developments:

  • Regulator concludes multi-spectrum auction, with Movistar and Claro securing licenses; prepares tender for an additional 15 projects funded by Fonatel;
  • ICE investing more in multi-technology NGN project;
  • Coopesantos launches FttP services in areas San Pablo, San Marcos and Santa Maria;
  • Regulator expected to auction 100MHz of spectrum in the 700MHz band by late 2018;
  • Telefónica launches OTT Movistar Play service;
  • Regulator determines that there is sufficient competition in several telecom market segments;
  • Master Plan for DTT adopted, with analogue broadcasts to close in December 2017;
  • ICE unifies its two pay-TV operations under a single brand;
  • Sutel adopts LRIC model to calculate access and interconnection rates;
  • Report includes the regulator’s market data reports to 2016; telcos’ financial and operating data updates to Q2 2017, recent market developments.
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1. Executive summary

2. Key statistics

3. Country overview

4. Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis - latest developments

5. Regulatory environment
5.1 Background
5.1.1 General Telecommunications Law
5.2 Regulatory authority
5.2.1 Sutel
5.3 Government policies
5.3.1 Sector liberalisation
5.4 Universalisation fund (Fonatel)
5.5 Interconnect
5.6 Access
5.7 Number Portability (NP)
5.8 Tariffs
5.9 DR-CAFTA

6. Fixed network operators
6.1 ICE
6.2 Claro

7. Telecommunications infrastructure
7.1 National telecom network
7.2 Internet Exchange Points (IXPs)

8. International infrastructure
8.1 Interconnection with other Central American countries
8.2 Submarine cable networks
8.3 Satellite networks
8.4 Infrastructure developments
8.4.1 IP and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
8.5 Smart infrastructure

9. Wholesale

10. Broadband market
10.1 Introduction and statistical overview
10.1.1 Market analysis
10.1.2 Broadband statistics
10.2 Hybrid Fibre Coax (HFC) networks
10.2.1 RACSA
10.3 Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) networks
10.4 Fibre-to-the-Premises (FttP) and Fibre-To-The-Home (FttH)
10.5 Other fixed-line broadband services
10.5.1 Fixed wireless (WiMAX, WiBro, Wi-Fi)
10.5.2 Internet via satellite
10.6 Digital Media
10.6.1 Introduction
10.6.2 Cable TV
10.6.3 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
10.6.4 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
10.6.5 Key digital media players
10.6.6 Videostreaming

11. Mobile communications
11.1 Market analysis - latest developments
11.1.1 Mobile statistics
11.2 Mobile data
11.2.1 SMS/MMS
11.3 Mobile broadband
11.4 Regulatory issues
11.4.1 Spectrum auctions
11.4.2 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
11.4.3 Roaming
11.5 Mobile infrastructure
11.5.1 Overview
11.5.2 Digital networks
11.6 Major mobile operators
11.6.1 ICE (Kölbi, ICE Cellular)
11.6.2 Claro (América Móvil)
11.6.3 Movistar (Telefónica Costa Rica)
11.6.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)

12. Related reports

List of Tables
Table 1 - Country statistics Costa Rica - 2017 (e)
Table 2 - Telephone network statistics - 2017 (e)
Table 3 - Internet user statistics - 2017 (e)
Table 4 - Broadband statistics - 2017 (e)
Table 5 - Mobile statistics - 2017 (e)
Table 6 - National telecommunications authority
Table 7 - Evolution of GDP in Costa Rica - 2000 - 2017
Table 8 - Number of authorised telecom service operators - 2011 - 2016
Table 9 - Telecom sector revenue and annual change- 2011 - 2016
Table 10 - Revenue by sector - 2012 - 2016
Table 11 - Revenue market share by sector - 2012 - 2016
Table 12 - ICE financial data - 2010 - 2014
Table 13 - Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 1997 - 2009
Table 14 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2010 - 2018
Table 15 - PSTN lines - 2010 - 2016
Table 16 - Proportion of traditional fixed and VoIP lines - 2012 - 2016
Table 17 - Fixed-line telephony revenue - 2012 - 2016
Table 18 - Fixed-line telephony and VoIP ARPU - 2012 - 2016
Table 19 - Fixed-line telephony and VoIP traffic - 2010 - 2016
Table 20 - Average telephony traffic per subscriber (fixed-line and VoIP) - 2010 - 2016
Table 21 - International bandwidth - 2007 - 2016
Table 22 - Active VoIP subscriptions and penetration - 2010 - 2016
Table 23 - VoIP market share by operator - 2013 - 2016
Table 24 - VoIP services revenue- 2011 - 2016
Table 25 - Fixed-line broadband revenue and ARPU - 2011 - 2016
Table 26 - Proportion of fixed internet connections by data rate - 2015 - 2016
Table 27 - Historic - Internet users and user penetration - 1997 - 2010
Table 28 - Internet users and user penetration - 2010 - 2016
Table 29 - Fixed broadband subscribers and penetration - 2000 - 2018
Table 30 - Historic - Broadband market share by technology - 2000 - 2009
Table 31 - Fixed-line broadband market share by technology - 2015 - 2016
Table 32 - Fixed-line internet traffic - 2013 - 2016
Table 33 - Cable modem subscribers and household penetration - 2000 - 2017
Table 34 - DSL subscribers and household penetration - 2002 - 2017
Table 35 - Fibre broadband subscribers - 2010 - 2016
Table 36 - WiMAX subscribers - 2009 - 2016
Table 37 - Subscription TV subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2016
Table 38 - Subscription TV share by platform - 2010 - 2016
Table 39 - Subscription TV subscribers by platform - 2012 - 2016
Table 40 - Subscription TV revenue by platform- 2011 - 2016
Table 41 - Cable TV subscribers and revenue - 2010 - 2016
Table 42 - Satellite TV subscribers and revenue - 2010 - 2016
Table 43 - DTTV subscribers - 2010 - 2016
Table 44 - IPTV subscribers - 2011 - 2016
Table 45 - Average traffic per mobile subscriber - 2011 - 2016
Table 46 - Mobile market share by operator - 2011 - 2016
Table 47 - Mobile market traffic - 2011 - 2016
Table 48 - Mobile revenue by service - 2012 - 2016
Table 49 - Proportion of mobile service revenue by type - 2011 - 2016
Table 50 - Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 1998 - 2009
Table 51 - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2010 - 2018
Table 52 - Proportion of prepaid and postpaid subscribers - 2010 - 2016
Table 53 - Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2010 - 2016
Table 54 - Prepaid and contract mobile ARPU - 2014 - 2016
Table 55 - SMS and MMS traffic - 2011 - 2016
Table 56 - SMS/MMS revenue - 2011 - 2016
Table 57 - Mobile internet subscribers and penetration - 2009 - 2016
Table 58 - Mobile internet revenue - 2013 - 2016
Table 59 - Mobile internet traffic - 2013 - 2016
Table 60 - Mobile number portings - 2014 - 2016
Table 61 - Roaming revenue (SMS/MMS and voice) - 2013 - 2016
Table 62 - ICE mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
Table 63 - Claro mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
Table 64 - Movistar mobile subscribers - 2012 - 2016
Table 65 - MVNO mobile subscribers by provider - 2011 - 2016

List of Charts
Chart 1 - ICE financial data - 2010 - 2014
Chart 2 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity - 2005 - 2018
Chart 3 - Broadband subscribers and penetration - 2000 - 2018
Chart 4 - Cable modem subscribers and household penetration - 2000 - 2017
Chart 5 - DSL subscribers and household penetration - 2002 - 2017
Chart 6 - Mobile subscribers and penetration - 2005 - 2018
Chart 7 - Prepaid and contract subscribers - 2010 - 2016

List of Exhibits
Exhibit 1 - Major submarine cable networks connecting Costa Rica

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  • Cable Tica
  • Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE)
  • RASCA
  • Tigo
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