Non-Exhaust Emissions: An Urban Air Quality Problem for Public Health comprehensively summarizes the most recent research in the field, also giving guidance on research gaps and future needs to evaluate the health impact and possible remediation of non-exhaust particle emissions. With contributions from some of the major experts and stakeholders in air quality, this book comprehensively defines the state-of-the-art of current knowledge, gaps and future needs for a better understanding of particulate matter (PM) emissions, from non-exhaust sources of road traffic to improve public health.
PM is a heterogeneous mix of chemical elements and sources, with road traffic being the major source in large cities. A significant part of these emissions come from non-exhaust processes, such as brake, tire, road wear, and road dust resuspension. While motor exhaust emissions have been successfully reduced by means of regulation, non-exhaust emissions are currently uncontrolled and their importance is destined to increase and become the dominant urban source of particle matter by 2020. Nevertheless, current knowledge on the non-exhaust emissions is still limited.
This is an essential book to researchers and advanced students from a broad range of disciplines, such as public health, toxicology, atmospheric sciences, environmental sciences, atmospheric chemistry and physics, geochemistry, epidemiology, built environment, road and vehicle engineering, and city planning. In addition, European and local authorities responsible for air quality and those in the industrial sectors related to vehicle and brake manufacturing and technological remediation measures will also find the book valuable.
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1. Current State of Particulate Air Quality 2. Vehicle Non-Exhaust Emissions: Impact on Air Quality 3. Impact on Public Health
Epidemiological Studies 4. Regulation on Brake/Tire Composition 5. European Emission Inventories and Projections for Road Transport Non-Exhaust Emissions 6. Review of Brake Wear Emissions 7. Review of Tire Wear Emissions 8. Review of Road Wear Emissions 9. Review of Road Dust Emissions 10. Technological Measures for Brake Wear Emission Reduction 11. Non-Technological Measures on Road Traffic to Abate Urban Air Pollution 12. Non-Exhaust PM Emissions from Battery Electric Vehicles 13. Air Quality in Subway Systems
Fulvio Amato, PhD, is Tenured Scientist at the Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA) of the Spanish Research Council (CSIC). In 2010, he obtained a Doctoral Degree in urban air quality at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (Spain). He specialized in non-exhaust traffic emissions characterization and modelling at the Center for Air Resources Engineering and Science (Potsdam, USA, 2008) and at TNO, the Dutch Organization for Applied Research (Utrecht, Netherlands, 2011-2012). He led national and international research projects on air quality, air pollution source apportionment and remediation measures. He published >80 scientific publications among articles, book and chapters (h-index 27). He acts as member of national and international working groups advising on air quality.