Waste Biorefinery

  • ID: 4398686
  • Book
  • 816 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives offers data-based information on the most cutting-edge processes for the utilisation of biogenic waste to produce biofuels, energy products, and biochemicals - a critical aspect of biorefinery. The book explores recent developments in biochemical and thermo-chemical methods of conversion and the potential generated by different kinds of biomass in more decentralized biorefineries. Additionally, the book discusses the move from 200 years of raw fossil materials to renewable resources and how this shift is accompanied by fundamental changes in industrial manufacturing technologies (from chemistry to biochemistry) and in logistics and manufacturing concepts (from petrochemical refineries to biorefineries).

Waste Biorefinery: Potential and Perspectives designs concepts that enable modern biorefineries to utilize all types of biogenic wastes, and to integrate processes that convert byproduct streams to high-value products, achieving higher cost benefits. This book is an essential resource for researchers and students studying biomass, biorefineries, and biofuels/products/processes, as well as chemists, biochemical/chemical engineers, microbiologists, and biotechnologists working in industries and government agencies.

- Details the most advanced and innovative methods for biomass conversion- Covers biochemical and thermo-chemical processes as well as product development- Discusses the integration of technologies to produce bio-fuels, energy products, and biochemicals- Illustrates specific applications in numerous case studies for reference and teaching purposes
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I. Feedstocks for Biorefineries 1. Waste Feedstocks for Biofefineries: An Approach to Develop a Sustainable Society 2. Kinetic Analysis of Biomass Pyrolysis 3. Side-streams from bioenergy and biorefinery complexes as a resource for circular bio-economy

II. Conversion Processes 4. Thermochemical Conversion in Biorefineries 5. Combined Thermochemical-Biochemical Routes in Waste Biorefinery

III. Food Waste Biorefinery 6. Acidogenic Valorization of Food Waste to Biogas and Platform Chemicals 7. Food Supply Chain Waste: A Functional Periodic Table of Biobased Resources

IV. Municipal Solid Waste Biorefinery 8. Conversion of Solid Waste to Fuels and Chemicals through Pyrolysis

V. Lignocellulosic Biorefinery 9. Lignocellulosic Biorefinery Wastes
Or Resources 10. Hydrothermal Processing of Wet Forest Residues and Agricultural Wastes for Production of Biofuels and Chemicals 11. Pyrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass for the Production of Renewable Chemicals 12. Co-pyrolysis of Agro Residues with Waste Plastics for Resource and Energy Recovery 13. Microwave-driven Biorefinery for Utilization of Food and Agricultural Waste Biomass 14. Lignin Conversion: A Key to the Concept of Lignocellulosic Biomass-based Integrated Biorefinery 15. Synthesis of Bioethanol from Invasive Weeds: Process Design, Optimization, and Intensification with Ultrasound 16. Valorization of Wastes from Agro-food and Forest Industries within the Biorefinery Concept: South Europe Scenario 17. Ionic Liquid Stable cellulases and Hemicellulases: Application in Biobased Production of Biofuels

VI. Water-based Biorefinery 18. Resource Recovery from Wastes and Wastewaters using Bioelectrochemical Systems 19. Exploitation of Microalgae-based Biorefinery
Opportunities and Challenges

VII. Specific Biorefinery 20. Waste Biorefinery in Arid Regions 21. Potential and Perspectives of Biorefinery from Castor Seed 22. Insect-based biorefinery for bioenergy and biobased products: A critical review 23. Thermochemical Valorization of Paper Deinking Residue through Microwave-assisted Pyrolysis

VIII. Associated Studies 24. Process Integration and Design Philosophy for Competitive Waste Biorefineries 25. Process Control and Monitoring in Biorefineries 26. Environmental Impacts of Utilizing Woody Biomass for Energy

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Bhaskar, Thallada

Dr Thallada Bhaskar, Senior Scientist, is currently heading the Thermo-catalytic Processes Area, Bio-Fuels Division (BFD) at CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum, India. He received Ph D for his work at CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) from Osmania University, Hyderabad in the year 1999. He carried out Postdoctoral Research at Okayama University, Okayama, Japan after which he joined as Research Assistant Professor and taught catalysis, chemical kinetics and thermodynamics for ~7 years. He has about 90 publications in journals of international repute, contributed 10 book chapters to renowned publishers (ACS, Elsevier, Woodhead Publishing, CRC Press etc) and 11 patents to his in his field of expertise in addition to 250 national and international symposia presentations.

His 20 years of research experience cover various fields of science revolving around his expertise in heterogeneous catalysis thermo-chemical conversion of biomass, waste plastics and e-waste plastics into value added hydrocarbons. He has prepared several catalysts and thrown a light on the structure activity relationships of novel catalytic materials for hydrotreatment of fossil based crudes. His contributions to the field of sustainable hydrocarbons are in the form of process knowhow and catalyst developments. His patents and publications discuss crucial points encompassing wide areas of thermo-catalytic conversion like pyrolysis and hydrothermal liquefaction for biomass (agricultural, forest residues and aquatic biomass) and plastic waste (industrial and e-waste) conversion. In addition he worked on developing micro-channel reactors for several chemical reactions and separation processes. His other interests include utilization of non-conventional energies for the sustainable production of hydrocarbons utilizing the polymeric wastes available which will make the thermo-chemical methods of conversion more energy efficient.

In view of his expertise, he is on the editorial board of 2 international peer reviewed journals and expert member of several committees. He received the Distinguished Researcher award from AIST (2013), Japan and Most Progressive Researcher award from FSRJ, Japan (2008). He is also the Fellow of Biotech Research Society of India and member of the Governing Council. He received the Raman Research Fellowship for the year 2013-14. He was also a JSPS Visiting Scientist to Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan during 2009. He has carried out several research projects with great success with national and international collaborators. He has organized several international symposia in India and abroad in this area and visited several countries to deliver invited/ plenary lectures.

Pandey, Ashok
Professor Ashok Pandey is currently Distinguished Scientist at CSIR-Indian Institute for Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India and Honorary Executive Director at the Centre for Energy and Environmental Sustainability- India; he was the former Deputy Director for CSIR's National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology at Trivandrum, where he head the Centre for Biofuels and Biotechnology Division. Professor Pandey's research interests are on bio-based economy for the production of fuels and chemicals. He has over 1000 publications and communications, which include 14 patents and design copyright, 34 books, 99 book chapters, and 391 original and review papers. Professor Pandey is the recipient of many national and international awards and fellowships, including Fellow of International Society for Energy, Environment and Sustainability, National Academy of Science (India), Biotech Research Society, India, and the International Organization of Biotechnology and Bioengineering. He was Chairman of the International Society of Food, Agriculture and Environment, Finland (Food & Health) from 2003-2004. He is Founder President of the Biotech Research Society, India (www.brsi.in); International Coordinator and General Secretary of International Forum on Industrial Bioprocesses, France (www.ifibiop.org), and Vice-President of the International Society for Energy, Environment & Sustainability (www.isees.org) and All India Biotech Association (www.aibaonline.com). Professor Pandey is Editor-in-chief of Bioresource Technology, Honorary Executive Advisors of Journal of Water Sustainability and Journal of Energy and Environmental Sustainability and editorial board member of several international and Indian journals. Prof. Pandey was also recently honoured as the Most Cited Author as per the Shanghai Ranking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2016.
Mohan, S.Venkata
Dr S Venkata Mohan is working as Principal Scientist in CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, India. His main research interests are in the domain of Environmental Biotechnology and Bioenergy. He has published more than 200 publications to his credit. He has contributed in the field of 'Waste to Bioenergy' encompassing Biohydrogen, Microbial Fuel Cells, Bio-electrochemical Treatment and algal based fuels. Dr Mohan was the recipient of 'National Bioscience award-2012' by DBT, Government of India; 'Prosper.net-Scopus Young Researcher Award in Sustainable Development under Energy Category-2010' by United Nations University and Elsevier, 'NASI-Scopus Young Scientist Award- 2010' in Earth, Oceanographic & Environmental Sciences by NASI and Elsevier, etc.
Lee, Duu-Jong
Duu-Jong Lee is currently a Life-Time Specially Appointed Professor of National Taiwan University (NTU) and Chair Professor and Dean of College of Engineering of National Taiwan University of Science and Technology (NTUST). He obtained his Bachelor (1984) and PhD (1989) degrees both at Chemical Engineering Department, NTU. Professor Lee has strong research interest in the area of industrial wastewater treatment, biomass to energy and environmental management, especially in microscale transport/reaction process in biomass matrix. During the past 25 years of his career, he has completed several projects successfully and developed various processes with full-scale applications. The research carried out till-date has credited him with more than 1000 publications/communications. The citations in SCOPUS on Dr Lee's work has exceeded 8000 with h=42. Professor Lee is the recipient of many national and international awards and fellowships. He is currently also the President of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers with 3500 members in Taiwan and overseas.
Khanal, Samir Kumar
Dr. Samir Kumar Khanal is an Associate Professor of Biological Engineering at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa. Previously, he was a post-doctoral research associate and Research Assistant Professor at Iowa State University for 6 years. Dr. Khanal obtained Ph.D. in Civil Engineering with a focus in Environmental Biotechnology from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), Hong Kong in 2002. He obtained in M.S. in environmental engineering from Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand in 1997. Dr. Khanal is a leading researcher, internationally in the field of anaerobic digestion, waste-to-resources and environmental biotechnology. Dr. Khanal, to date, has published over 90 refereed papers in high quality international journals. He also delivered over 90 keynote/invited presentation internationally. In addition, he also wrote and published a book entitled "Anaerobic Biotechnology for Bioenergy Production: Principles and Applications” (Wiley-Blackwell, 2008). Dr. Khanal edited another book, as the Lead Editor, entitled "Bioenergy and Biofuel from Biowastes and Biomass” (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2010). Both books have become the best-sellers in the respective field. Recently he also published a bioenergy textbook entitled Bioenergy: Principles and Application (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016). He has supervised 11 Ph.D., 16 M.S., 17 undergraduate and 12 high school students, 13 post-docs and 14 visiting scholars. Dr. Khanal is also an editorial board member of the highly prestigious international journal, Bioresource Technology and Korean Journal of Environmental Engineering. He is also a recipient of CTAHR Dean's Award for Excellence in Research (2016), University of Hawaii at Manoa. Dr. Khanal is a professional engineer (environmental engineering) in the state of Iowa.
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