Engineering, Medicine and Science at the Nano-Scale

  • ID: 4400266
  • Book
  • 288 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The result of lectures given for a graduate and advanced undergraduate course at Penn State University, students at universities the world over will benefit from the authors′ concise treatment.

The textbook begins by addressing, in general terms, the phenomena and peculiarities that occur at the nanoscale. In the following four parts, readers are introduced in detail to nanoscale physics, chemistry, materials science, and biology, followed by two parts on synthesis and fabrication as well as characterization at the nanoscale. A variety of exemplary applications taken from a wide range of sectors are also presented and discussed. Concerns for safety, environmental impact, workforce development, economic wellbeing, and societal change issues arising from nanotechnology are woven throughout the book and additionally form the focus of the last two chapters.

With special didactic elements such as learning objectives at the beginning of chapters, summaries at the end of chapters, and "Further Reading" sections, this is the definitive textbook on nanotechnology.
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I. WHAT IS SO SPECIAL ABOUT THE NANOSCALE?

Is It Hype?

Should We Wait for the Picoscale?

II. WORKING IN THE NANOWORLD/

PHYSICS AND THE NANOSCALE

The Role of Quantum Concepts

The Role of Physical Optics

Thermodynamics at the Nanoscale

III. WORKING IN THE NANOWORLD/

CHEMISTRY AND THE NANOSCALE

Quantum Chemistry

Bonding at the Nanoscale

Surface Energy

Hydrophobicity, Hydrophilicity

Safety Issues

IV. WORKING IN THE NANOWORLD/

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND THE NANOSCALE

Thermodynamics –

Phase Diagrams

Crystalline, Nanocrystalline and Amorphous Materials

Impact of Nanoscale on Material Properties

Inorganic Nanoparticles and Films

Organic Nanoparticles and Films

Block Co–Polymers

Carbon Forms: Bucky Balls, Nanotubes, Graphene

Other Nanotube Materials

Graphene–Like Materials

Nanostructured Composites

Magnetic Phenomena

Photonic Crystals

Plasmonic Materials

Light Absorbers

Intelligent Coatings

V. WORKING IN THE NANOWORLD/

BIOLOGY AND THE NANOSCALE

Basic Assembly/Functioning at the Level of Living Things

Scale Matching

Function Matching

Safety Issues

VI. WORKING IN THE NANOWORLD/

SYNTHESIS AND FABRICATION

Introduction

Synthesis

Particle and Surface Functionalization

Top–Down Technologies: Lithography, Chemical, Particle and Photon Beam Additive and Subtractive Techniques

Bottom–Up Technologies: Block Co–Polymers, Sol Gels, Self–Assembly, Virus Assembly, Bacterium Assembly

VII. WORKING IN THE NANOWORLD/

CHARACTERIZATION AT THE NANOSCALE

Introduction

Scanning Probe Microscopy

Photon and Particle Microscopy

X–Ray and Electron Diffraction

Photon and Particle Chemical Characterization Techniques

Synchrotron Radiation and Neutron Techniques

VIII. APPLICATIONS AT THE NANOSCALE

Introduction: the Promise Is Coming to Fruition

Nanotechnology in Medicine and Biology

Nanotechnology in Agriculture and Food

Nanotechnology and the Environment

Nanotechnology in Electronics, Spintronics, Opto–Electronics, and Photonics

Nanotechnology in Sensing

Nanotechnology in Transport Technology

Nanotechnology in Energy Production and Storage

Nanotechnology and Informatics

IX. THE INDUSTRIAL AND ECONOMIC CHALLENGES OF NANOTECHNOLOGY

X. INNOVATIVE AND RESPONSIBLE GOVERNANCE OF NANOTECHNOLOGY: SOCIAL, ETHICAL, ENVIRONMENTAL, AND HEALTH IMPLICATION

XI. FUTURE VISION AND PERSPECTIVES

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Stephen J. Fonash
Marcel Van de Voorde
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