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Global Best Practices for CSO, NGO, and Other Nonprofit Boards. Lessons From Around the World

  • ID: 4411048
  • Book
  • June 2018
  • Region: Global
  • 304 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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"The need for responsible, informed and well–equipped governance for nonprofit organizations is critical. This book is intended for those who seek to prepare themselves to provide it. Boards everywhere, composed of impassioned grassroots volunteers, concerned philanthropists, and accomplished community and business leaders, seek guidance on providing quality leadership to nonprofits. This book is also for capacity–building organizations that strive to equip nonprofits in the best way possible to carry out their important tasks. It is also for CEOs and executive directors intending to assist their boards to work at optimal performance levels, and for those who teach in, and study our sector."
From the Introduction

No matter how large or small your nonprofit organization may be, Global Best Practices for CSO, NGO, and Other Nonprofit Boards offers a resource for understanding how to serve effectively as a board member. Filled with case studies from around the world, the book clearly illustrates the effective practices, identifies and discusses interesting and significant differences, and explores recent global trends that can serve as examples of stellar board governance.

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Acknowledgments xiii

1 Overview 1
Penelope Cagney

Who This Book Is For 1

Introduction 2

About the Book s Title 2

Organization of Contents 3

Framework 3

Apologies 3

Culture 4

Global Trends 8

References 11

2 Africa 13
Mike Muchilwa

Historical and Cultural Context for Governance 13

Challenges to CSO Governance 14

Governance Successes 16

Characteristics of African CSO Boards 17

Case Study: Kenya 22

Best Practices of Kenyan Boards 26

Trends 30

Conclusion 31

Notes 32

3 Asia 33

Overview 33
Usha Menon

Asia Overview Notes 37

Cambodia 37
Louise Coventry

Cambodia References 43

Cambodia Notes 44

China 44
Yinglu Li and Oma Lee

China Notes 49

India 49
Noshir H. Dadrawala

India References 56

India Notes 56

Indonesia 56
Darmawan Triwibowo

Indonesia References 62

Indonesia Notes 63

Japan 63
Masataka Uo and Miho Ito

Korea 67
Bekay Ahn

Korea References 75

Korea Further Reading 75

Philippines 76
Usha Menon

Philippines Notes 81

Singapore 82
Usha Menon

Singapore References 87

Singapore Notes 88

4 Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand 89
Alan Hough and Garth Nowland–Foreman

Historical and Cultural Context for Governance 89

Understanding the NGO Sector 91

Legal Requirements Affecting NGO Boards 93

The Roles of Boards 97

Board Composition, Rotation, and Recruitment 99

Board s Relationship with the CEO and Other Staff 101

Organization of Meetings and Culture of Inquiry 102

Evaluation and Monitoring 104

Ethical Challenges 105

Governance Trends 108

Case Study: Oxfam Australia 110

Acknowledgments 117

References 118

Notes 122

5 Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia 123
Marilyn Wyatt

Historical Context for Governance 123

Evolution of the Sector 124

Legal Environment 125

A Brief History of Regional Approaches to CSO Governance 127

Looking Forward to New Practices 133

Conclusion 137

References 137

Notes 139

6 Europe 141
Valerio Melandri

United Kingdom 142

Continental Europe 142

Mediterranean Region 143

Northern Europe 144

Promoting Board Performance Through

Remuneration and Incentives 144

Innovative Models for Boards in Europe 147

Governance Structures and Nonprofit Reality 148

Striving for an Involved Board 149

Conclusion 157

References 157

Notes 159

Further Reading 160

7 Latin America 161
Consuelo Castro

Historical and Cultural Context for Governance 161

Relevant Legal/Tax Requirements Affecting NGO Boards 162

Composition and Recruitment Considerations 166

Organization of Meeting, Culture of Inquiry 168

Roles and Responsibilities 169

Evaluation and Monitoring 173

Trends and Case Studies of Best Practices 174

Conclusion 175

References 175

Notes 176

Further Reading 177

8 Middle East and North Africa 179
Tariq Cheema and Naila Farouky

The Philanthropic Landscape A Historic Opportunity 179

The Role of Good Governance 181

Stewardship 184

Challenges to Accountability and Transparency 184

Need for Study of the Sector 186

MENA Culture 187

Case Study: Emirates Foundation 189

Case Study: AM Qattan Foundation 191

Takeaway Points 193

Conclusion 194

References 194

Notes 195

Further Reading 196

9 North America 197

Canada 197
Krishan Mehta

Canada References 213

Canada Notes 214

Canada Further Reading 214

United States 214
Paloma Raggo and Penelope Cagney

United States References 229

10 From Reform of Governance to Transfer of Power: The Future of International Civil Society
Organizations 231
Burkhard Gnärig

ICSOs Governance Model of Choice: International Federations of Autonomous National Organizations 233

The Self–Assessment: The Quality of ICSOs Governance 237

Towards Effective Global Governance 242

Cornerstones of ICSOs Transformation 248

Notes 250

11 The Future 251
Penelope Cagney

Wealth Inequality 251

Proactive Philanthropy 252

Reaction to Globalization 252

Technological Innovation 253

Tomorrow s Organizations 253

Servant Leadership 254

New Approaches to Governance 255

Conclusion 256

References 256

Notes 257

Further Reading 257

Appendix 259

10 Basic Responsibilities of Nonprofit Boards (Summary) 259

The Source: 12 Principles of Governance That Power Exceptional Boards 259

Notes 261

Glossary 263

About the Contributors 269

Index 277

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