Impedance Spectroscopy. Theory, Experiment, and Applications. 3rd Edition

  • ID: 4412671
  • Book
  • 560 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The Essential Reference for the Field, Featuring Protocols, Analysis, Fundamentals, and the Latest Advances

Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment, and Applications provides a comprehensive reference for graduate students, researchers, and engineers working in electrochemistry, physical chemistry, and physics. Covering both fundamentals concepts and practical applications, this unique reference provides a level of understanding that allows immediate use of impedance spectroscopy methods.

Step–by–step experiment protocols with analysis guidance lend immediate relevance to general principles, while extensive figures and equations aid in the understanding of complex concepts. Detailed discussion includes the best measurement methods and identifying sources of error, and theoretical considerations for modeling, equivalent circuits, and equations in the complex domain are provided for most subjects under investigation. Written by a team of expert contributors, this book provides a clear understanding of impedance spectroscopy in general as well as the essential skills needed to use it in specific applications.

Extensively updated to reflect the field′s latest advances, this new Third Edition:

  • Incorporates the latest research, and provides coverage of new areas in which impedance spectroscopy is gaining importance
  • Discusses the application of impedance spectroscopy to viscoelastic rubbery materials and biological systems
  • Explores impedance spectroscopy applications in electrochemistry, semiconductors, solid electrolytes, corrosion, solid state devices, and electrochemical power sources
  • Examines both the theoretical and practical aspects, and discusses when impedance spectroscopy is and is not the appropriate solution to an analysis problem

Researchers and engineers will find value in the immediate practicality, while students will appreciate the hands–on approach to impedance spectroscopy methods. Retaining the reputation it has gained over years as a primary reference, Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment, and Applications once again present a comprehensive reference reflecting the current state of the field.

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Introduction vii

Chapter 1. Anatomy of an All–Solid–State Battery 1

1.1. Constituents of an all–solid battery 3

1.1.1. Nature of solid electrolytes: required qualities 3

1.1.2. Positive electrode materials 4

1.1.3. Negative electrode materials 5

1.1.4. Conductive additive 7

1.1.5. Formulation of electrodes 7

1.2. Shaping methods of all–solid batteries 8

1.2.1. Assembly by cold pressing 8

1.2.2. Design by high temperature sintering 10

Chapter 2. Solid Ionic Conductors 13

2.1. Introduction 13

2.2. Solid lithium–ion conductors . 15

2.2.1. The Garnets 15

2.2.2. The NASICON AxMM (XO4)3 structure 17

2.2.3. The compounds LISICON and Thio–LISICON 18

2.2.4. Ion conductive glass and glass–ceramics 23

2.2.5. The Argyrodites 29

2.2.6. The complex hydrides . . 34

2.2.7. Phosphorus and lithium oxynitride or LiPON 36

2.2.8. Anti–perovskite lithium–rich solid electrolytes 36

2.2.9. Solid polymer electrolytes 39

2.3. Solid sodium–ion conductors 40

2.3.1. NASICON compounds . 41

2.3.2. Na3PS4 42

Chapter 3. All–Solid–State Battery Technology Using Solid Sulfide Electrolytes 47

3.1. Monolithic Li–ion all–solid–state batteries 47

3.1.1. The first all–solid–state batteries 47

3.1.2. Second generation all–solid–state batteries 48

3.1.3. Toward High Performance Batteries 53

3.1.4. Batteries using lithium argyrodite electrolytes 58

3.1.5. Li10XP2S12 (X = Ge, Si, Sn) phase in the structure LGPS 66

3.1.6. Understanding stability at the interfaces between the electrolyte and electrode materials 81

3.1.7. Summary 84

3.2. Sodium monolithic all–solid–state batteries 85

3.3. All–solid–state Li S batteries 91

Chapter 4. Monolithic All–Solid–State Batteries Using Solid Oxide Electrolytes  97

4.1. Silver all–solid–state battery technology 97

4.2. Li–ion solid–state battery technology 100

4.3. Sodium solid–state battery technology 108

4.3.1. Sodium–ion solid–state battery technology 108

4.3.2. Sodium–sulfur all–solid–state battery technology 116

Chapter 5. LiBH4 Electrolyte and Polymer Battery Technology 119

5.1. All–solid–state battery technology: LiBH4 electrolyte 119

5.2. Solid–state polymer battery technology 120

Chapter 6. Markets 123

6.1. Solid electrolytes 123

6.1.1. Ohara 123

6.1.2. NEI 127

6.2. Solid–state batteries 127

6.3 Conclusion 137

Conclusion 139

Bibliography 145

Index 167

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Evgenij Barsoukov, PhD, is a TI Fellow and the Head of Algorithm Development at the Battery Management unit of Texas Instruments. His research focuses on impedance spectroscopy–based modelling to improve battery monitoring and charging technology.

J. Ross Macdonald, DSc, is the William Rand Kenan, Jr. Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of North Carolina. His research uses impedance spectroscopy to help analyze the electrical response of high–resistivity ionically conducting solid materials.

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