Foreign direct investment (FDI) and official development assistance (ODA) are the major contributors to infrastructure development in the region, while remittances have also gained prominence over time. In 2016, Africa accounted for around 12% of the global FDI. African economies are making significant progress in reforming their business environment. Among the 51 African countries covered in the Doing Business report (World Bank 2016), 23 improved their ranking in 2015. There has been a significant change in Africa’s trading partners - currently more than 50% of the continent’s trade is with emerging and developing economies, compared to advanced economies earlier. Private sector participation is increasing, both in terms of scope and investments, but is still limited compared to public investments
Laws related to infrastructure development in several economies in the region are still evolving. Project development and preparation are often lacking, resulting in legal disputes between stakeholders. Budgetary resources and tax revenues are certainly inadequate to meet the infrastructure financing needs of the continent. Risk allocation in contracts is not balanced. Financial appraisals are not stringent. Contract enforcement is weak. The problem of corruption, civil unrest and public protests continues to undermine investor interest in most nations
Africa is endowed with rich natural resources, an abundant labour force, and strategic location on the world trade route, and thus has a huge potential for growth. Most of the African nations have chalked out major investment plans to invest in developing new infrastructure and maintain the existing one to support the projected growth
The research has tracked a pipeline across nine infrastructure sectors - roads, seaports, railways, oil and gas, water and sanitation, electricity, urban transport, renewable energy and air transport.
The data sources in this report is both primary and secondary. The primary data is obtained from sources such as related ministries, industry experts, private companies, Conferences organized by us for the related sector etc. The secondary sources include annual reports of companies, industry associations, paid databases, web sites, etc. The analysts and researchers combine the information from these primary and secondary sources with their industry expertise to synthesize the data presented in the report. Surveys and interviews are also conducted for this research. For the surveys, Interviews with key players and relevant people in the sector are mainly conducted. They are mostly via telephonic as well as personal interviews.
Section I: Macro Analysis
- Executive Summary
- Investments, Opportunities & Outlook (till 2023-24)
- Inter-country Comparison
- Financing of African Infrastructure
- Private Sector Participation
- Foreign Direct Investment Trends.
- Oil and Gas
- Urban Transport
- Airport/Air Transport
- Water and Sanitation
Section III: Country Profiles** (36 countries selected on the basis of GDP):
Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Congo DR, Egypt, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Gabon, Ivory Coast (Cote d’Ivoire), Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Etc.
**Each country profile covers economic growth in the past five years, indicators of infrastructure growth, budgetary allocation in the infrastructure sector, expected capacity additions in the infrastructure sectors, expected investments and key upcoming projects.