Transformer Report - Power and Distribution Transformer Market Edition 6

  • ID: 4436363
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • StatPlan Energy Ltd
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • AK Steel
  • Alstom
  • ArcelorMittal
  • JFE Steel Corporation
  • Schneider
  • Stalprodukt S.A.
  • MORE

This is the 6th edition of the StatPlan Transformer Report. The report sizes demand for  power and distribution transformers in base year 2017 and forecasts sales from 2018 to 2022. 
 
The report contains comprehensive quantitative data and qualitative analysis of the transformer markets, globally and for all regions and countries.

The markets for power and distribution transformers in 2017 in regions and major countries are analysed, with sales and the installed base by type of transformer and ownership.  In an historical record, the six StatPlan Transformer Surveys are compared, with the installed base by type of transformer and ownership from 2012 to 2017.

The report predicts market trends in volume and value from 2017 to 2022, with the factors  affecting price; input costs for raw materials, labour, energy and production capacity. Transformer production capacity is assessed in MVA by country and major manufacturer. Production capacity in tonnes and manufacturers of electrical steel are analysed. Market shares in value of the leading transformer manufacturers are listed. The changing landscape of generation and the networks with the growth of DER and renewables, energy efficiency, logistics, electrification and other issues are identified and discussed, with commentary on the impact on transformers.  

1 . Transformer Sales In MVA and Ex-Factory Cost $

  • Sales in base year 2017, forecast in MVA and in nominal $, annually from 2018 to 2022
  • By region and 124 countries, in MVA and $ value
  • Country sales analysis in MVA by Power Transformer/Distribution Transformer

2. Transformer Sales Compared at Ex-Factory Cost & Installed Cost $
Sales in base year 2017 and forecast to 2022 By region 

3. Market Shares
Global market shares in value for major transformer manufacturers.

4. Generator and Transformer Installed Base Analysis  

  • Base year 2017, transformer type
  • By region and 124 countries
  • By type - GSU, Power Network Transformer, Distribution Network Transformer
  • Power generation capacity MW
  • Transformer capacity MVA, number of transformers, kVA per transformer
  • Power transformers by ownership - Generator, Utility, Industry
  • Distribution transformers by ownership - Generator, Utility, Industry

5. PPI (Producer Price Index) Trend, Factors Impacting Price

  • PPI trends and the following factors impacting prices are analysed.
  • Demand for transformers, market and industry trends
  • Production capacity - surplus/shortage
  • Input prices of raw materials, energy, labour and future trends
  • The economic and financial climate

6. The Transformation Process; GSU, Power and Distribution Transformers 
Transformers are needed at any stage where the voltage changes up or down. The stages and parameters are mapped as power is stepped up from generating plant to the high voltage  transmission grid, down to medium voltage distribution grid and down to low voltage end user.  

7. Transformer : Generator Capacity Ratios - MVA : MW

  • By region and 124 countries -
  • By type - GSU, Power Network Transformer, Distribution Network Transformer

8. Transformer Production Capacity and Manufacturers
Production capacity is assessed, for transformer manufacturers and for electrical steel, for different regions and countries and surplus capacity identified, with its effect on prices. Manufacturers  of both are listed with global shares of production capacity.

9. N-1, N-2, 2N, 2N+1 - Standards Of Redundancy
The number of transformers used in a network has to take outages into account. In the various parts of a network different degrees of redundancy are applied to achieve a cost-effective standard of security, usually N-1 or N-2 (the ability to operate without loss of service even after the failure of one (or two) key component(s) in the grid).  Large power transformers are costly custom built items and no two are the same so spares cannot be stored, whereas MV distribution  transformers are commodity items and are kept in stock by distributors and this affects  contingency planning. Redundancy is discussed and different standards defined.

10. Long Term Demand Cycle 1900-2050
The long term demand cycle depends on new build and replacement. Power transformers commonly have 40 year lives and with modern life extension can last even longer so the replacement  cycle is a long  term issue. To determine the demand cycle it is necessary to chart the growth of the transformer fleet over many decades. StatPlan has charted this since 1900 and the cycle is plotted to determine the demand cycle over 150 years, from 1900 to 2050. The long term de- mand cycle is not the same as the short term sales forecast. 

11. The Point Of Connection, Central and Distributed Generation 
The generating mixture is changing and two aspects will impact on the transformer stock; increases  in distributed power and in renewables.  The non-hydro renewable capacity consist mainly of wind power and solar PV, which have grown rapidly in the last two decades. They will affect trans- formers because the power generated enters the grid at different points and at different voltages.  

12. Smart Transformers 
The aging power grid, increasing energy demands, spiraling cost of generating electricity and its cost on the environment all point toward the need for a smart grid. Transformers serve as a  hub for collection and distribution of energy and are key components of a smart grid. 

13. MEPS and Energy Efficiency
Losses in transmission and distribution networks constitute the single biggest loss in any electricity system and 70% of these losses occur in the distribution network. Government regulations and  programmes  to reduce losses with energy efficient distribution transformers are outlined for dif- ferent regions, with analysis of the amorphous distribution transformer industry and uptake.  

14. Logistics
Power transformers can be the size of a house and weigh 400-500 tons. They often have to be transported large distances over difficult terrain with poor roads, underpasses and overpasses and limited load weight limits. Logistics problems and solutions are discussed together with their  implications for transformers and similar large items of capital equipment.   

15. Electrification
Electrification rates around the world vary considerably and these are charted, with their impact on electrical markets.

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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • AK Steel
  • Alstom
  • ArcelorMittal
  • JFE Steel Corporation
  • Schneider
  • Stalprodukt S.A.
  • MORE

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • The power transformer market
  • United States
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • Middle East and Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • Korea
  • Indonesia
  • LAC
  • Long term demand cycle
  • Transformer: generator capacity ratios - MVA - MW
  • Channels to market
  • Transformer types
  • Efficiency transformers
  • Smart transformers
  • Trends in the generation mix
  • Manufacturing capacity, global and by region
  • Price trend
  • Redundancy
  • Logistics
  • Electrification

1. THE POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER MARKET

2. THE GROWTH OF THE WORLD’S TRANSFORMER FLEEET SIX STATPLAN SURVEYS, EDITIONS 1 - 6

3. NORTH AMERICAN TRANSFORMER MARKET

  • MARKET REVIEW
  • Transformer stock
  • Composition of demand
  • The utility market in the United States
  • Transformer market drivers
  • Utility investment
  • Manufacturing industry review - facilities
  • Power transformers
  • USA plant
  • NAFTA suppliers in Canada and Mexico
  • Large power transformers (LPT)
  • Medium power transformers
  • Distribution transformers
  • MV distribution transformer
  • Liquid-immersed
  • Dry type
  • LV distribution transformers
  • Dry type
  • Amorphous core transformer manufacturers
  • Canadian manufacturers
  • Purchase considerations and delivery channels
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
  • CEE- Consortium for Energy Efficiency
  • MEPS standards
  • Canadian standards

4. EUROPEAN TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • REGIONAL MARKET
  • Regional overview of the European utility system
  • Transformer voltages in the utility network and industry
  • High efficiency transformers
  • A changing network landscape - distributed power - smart transformers
  • European utility crisis
  • Transformer market Drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • European transformer manufacturing industry review
  • FRANCE
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Market leaders - Alstom, Schneider, development in France
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • GERMANY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Market leader - Siemens
  • German utility crisis
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • ITALY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • SPAIN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • UNITED KINGDOM
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • TURKEY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers

5. CIS TRANSFORMER MARKET

  • RUSSIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • The Russian power system
  • Market drivers
  • Russian transformer manufacturers
  • Ukrainian transformer manufacturer

6. MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • IRAN
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • SAUDI ARABIA
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • UAE
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers

7. ASIA PACIFIC TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • REGIONAL OVERVIEW
  • Investment as a % of GDP
  • CHINA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • UHV AC and HVDC transformer markets in China
  • Chinese suppliers and foreign suppliers
  • UHV market participants
  • International firms in China’s UHV Market
  • Power and distribution transformers = 220 kV = UHV
  • Power and distribution transformers = 220 kV
  • Distribution transformers for MV and LV distribution
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • The structure of the Chinese power sector
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • JAPAN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • Overseas production
  • INDIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Electrification
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • Capacity and utilisation
  • INDONESIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • KOREA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • TAIWAN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • THAILAND
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers

8. LAC TRANSFORMER MARKETS

  • BRAZIL
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • MEXICO
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Transformer manufacturers

9. THE VALUE CHAIN - FROM MATERIALS TO CAPEX

  • The value chain at 6 levels
  • Raw material inputs

10. TRANSFORMER SALES AT RETAIL PRICE AND INSTALLED COST

11. UTILITY, GSU & INDUSTRIAL POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER INSTALLED CAPACITY, NUMBERS AND AVERAGE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER KVA PER UNIT

12. NETWORK TRANSFORMER LAYOUT

  • THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS
  • Stage 1
  • Stage 2
  • Stage 3
  • Stage 4
  • Network configurations for distribution - Radial, Loop and Network systems
  • Industry
  • Review of regional utility network practices - The link from medium voltage to low voltage
  • North America
  • Japan
  • Europe
  • Types of transformer
  • Liquid dielectric transformers
  • Dry-type transformers
  • Gas filled transformers
  • Evolution of power transformers by size and capacity
  • Ownership of power and distribution transformers
  • Ownership of GSU transformers

13. THE LONG-TERM DEMAND CYCLE 1900-2050

  • INSTALLED CAPACITY
  • INSTALLED CAPACITY VERSUS DEMAND
  • The China Factor

14. TRANSFORMER: GENERATOR RATIOS - MVA: MW

15. SMART TRANSFORMERS

  • What are smart transformers?
  • Smart transformers and the smart grid

16. N-1 STANDARD, N-2 AND 2N, REDUNDANCY AND REPLACEMENT

  • Network failure
  • Transformer failure
  • Industrial reliability
  • Levels of redundancy
  • Network reliability
  • N-1 and the networks
  • Reliability standards SAIFI and SAIDI
  • Electricity transmission
  • Large power transformers (LPTs)
  • Transformer/generator ratios and redundancy
  • Generation
  • Transmission
  • Distribution

17.PRICE TRENDS AND FACTORS DRIVING TRANSFORMER PRICES

  • PPI - Producer Price Index
  • USA
  • EU
  • China
  • Japan
  • Korea
  • Demand for transformers - market and industry trends
  • Production capacity
  • Production capacity of raw materials
  • Production capacity of manufactured equipment
  • Manufacturing input cost composition
  • Composition of manufacturing inputs
  • Input costs - raw materials
  • Metal consumption
  • Steel
  • Electrical Steel
  • The electrical steel market
  • Electrical steel producers
  • AK Steel
  • Allegheny Ludlum
  • Angang Steel
  • ArcelorMittal
  • China Steel Corporation
  • JFE Steel Corporation
  • Nippon Steel Corporation
  • (NLMK) Metallurgic al Plant
  • Pohang Iron and Steel (POSCO)
  • Shanghai Baosteel
  • Stalprodukt S.A.
  • Tata Steel (Cogent Power Ltd.)
  • Thyssen Krupp Steel
  • WCI Steel
  • Wuhan Iron and Steel (WISCO)
  • Copper and Aluminium
  • Copper
  • Aluminium
  • Transformer oil
  • Input costs - labour
  • Input costs - energy

18. THE POINT OF CONNECTION, CENTRAL AND DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND VOLTAGE

  • Trends in the generation mix
  • The impact of generation developments on transformation technology
  • Decentralised power
  • Czech Republic
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Spain

19. MEPS - Minimum Energy Performance Standards

  • MEPS (Minimum Energy Performance Standards)
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Brazil
  • Mexico
  • European Union
  • Australia
  • Japan
  • China
  • Korea
  • India

20. ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND HIGH EFFICIENCY TRANSFORMERS - MEPS

  • Development of a new technology - amorphous core transformers
  • The market for AMTs
  • Amorphous metal ribbon manufacturers
  • Amorphous metal transformers - AMTs
  • Japan
  • China
  • United States
  • India
  • Taiwan
  • Other
  • HTS -high temperature superconductor transformers

21. TRANSFORMER PRODUCTION CAPACITY MANUFACTURING CAPACITY, GLOBAL AND BY REGION

  • Capacity utilisation
  • North America (United States, Canada)
  • Mexico
  • Latin America (excluding Mexico)
  • China
  • India
  • Korea
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • Africa
  • Global balance of production capacity and demand

22. GLOBAL MARKET SHARE POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, VALUE, 2017

23. LOGISTICS

  • Rail transport
  • Road transport
  • Rear wheel drive
  • Clearance
  • Alternative solutions

24. ELECTRIFICATION

  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Asia
  • MENA
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • North America
  • The impact of electrification on the electrical supply industry

25. METHODOLOGY

  • Short term demand forecast
  • Long term demand cycle
  • Demand cycles and the market
  • StatPlan Energy Databases
  • Transformation capacity
  • Review of the transformer databases

1.Utility/industry ownership
2.The proportion of GSU/transmission PTs
3.Redundancy.

List of Figures:
Figure 1: Annual growth of the transformer market in volume and value, 2017-2022
Figure 2: The global transformer fleet 2012-2017, generator and transformer capacity
Figure 3: The global transformer fleet by transformer type, 2012-2017
Figure 4: Ratio of distribution transformers to generating capacity, installed base 1960-2016
Figure 5: Utility investment in transmission and distribution, 1977 to 2015, nominal $
Figure 6: Imports of power transformers (Oil filled = 10 MVA), into the United States from Canada, Mexico and Korea 2000-2015, $ value
Figure 7: Market capitalisation of seleced European utilities
Figure 8: Investment as a % of GDP, selected countries and economic groupings, 1980-2020
Figure 9: Market shares for UHV AC and HVDC transformers in China
Figure 10: Market shares of leading transformer manufacturers for SGCC’s HV, MV and LV tenders
Figure 11: Production, consumption and exports of distribution transformers in China, 2006-2017
Figure 12: Structure of the Chinese electric power industry
Figure 13: The UK Electrical Power Transmission and Distribution System
Figure 14: Evolution of transformers in voltage kV and capacity MVA
Figure 15: Proportion of capacity (MVA) generator, utility and private industry ownership of power and distribution transformers by region, 2016
Figure 16: Installed capacity of power and distribution transformers, GVA, 1900-2050
Figure 17: Global installed transformation capacity and demand, GVA, 1900-2050
Figure 18: The cycle of demand, new and replacement capacity, GVA, 1900-2050
Figure 19: Global utility transformation capacity installed base by region, GVA, 1900-2050
Figure 20: Demand for power and distribution transformers, China and the World, GVA, 1900-2050
Figure 21: Regional variation in long term demand, 1900-2050
Figure 22: Conventional grid with unidirectional power flow
Figure 23: Active distribution grid with intelligent transformer substations
Figure 24: Power, distribution and specialty transformers Producer Price Index, USA, 1967-2017
Figure 25: Europe Producer Price Index for industrial manufactures 2012 to Q2 - 2016
Figure 26: China Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2005-2015
Figure 27: Japan Producer Price Index for electrical machinery and equipment 1996-2016
Figure 28: Korea Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2012-2016
Figure 29: Costs of manufacturing an oil filled- transformer
Figure 30: Copper prices 2007-2017
Figure 31: Copper prices forecast to 2030, constant US$
Figure 32: Aluminium prices forecast to 2030, constant US$
Figure 33: Labour compensation cost, including direct pay, social insurance expenditures,   and labour-related taxes (US = 100).
Figure 34: Labour costs including wages and salaries, social insurance and labour-related taxes
Figure 35: Minimum wages in China in yuan per month 1995-2012
Figure 36: Wage inflation in China versus the US, India and Mexico, 2005-2012
Figure 37: Global energy cost index (2010 = 100)
Figure 38: Global generating capacity mix, 1990-2050
Figure 39: Global generating capacity mix by energy source, 1990-2050
Figure 40: Capacity and generation by each energy source as percent of total, 1990-2013
Figure 41: Capacity and generation by each energy source as percent of total, 1990-2013
Figure 42: Global market share power and distribution transformers, $ value, 2017
Figure 43: Two Schnabel cars unloaded
Figure 44: Schnabel car with load
Figure 45: The largest load ever transported by road in the United Kingdom
Figure 46: The trailer approaches a narrow turning in Scotland
Figure 47: The trailer’s rear wheels begin the turn in Scotland
Figure 48: The trailer is has turned the corner in Scotland
Figure 49: Overhead obstructions
Figure 50: Transformer off the road
Figure 51: Share of people without electricity access for developing countries, 2016
Figure 52: World electrification - % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
Figure 53: World electrification - number and % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
Figure 54: Selected major countries - % of households with electricity, 1900-2050
Figure 55: Selected major countries - Number of households with electricity, 1900-2050
Figure 56: Regional totals of electrified households 2010-2050
Figure 57: Additions of electrified households in each decade by region, 2010-2050
Figure 58: Diagram of new plus total replacement capacity

List of Tables:
Table 1: Power and distribution transformer demand, MVA and $ in real and nominal values
Table 2: World transformer demand forecast, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 3: World transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
Table 4: World transformer demand forecast,
Table 5: World transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost,
Table 6: The global transformer fleet by transformer type, 2012-2017,
Table 7: North America, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ million
Table 8: North America, power and distribution transformer sales forecast, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 9: North America, power transformer sales forecast, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 10: North America, distribution transformer sales forecast, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 11: US power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 12: Detailed shipment data for power and distribution transformers in the US, 2009
Table 13: Market shares of Power Transformer Producers in the United States, 2015
Table 14: Europe, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $  million
Table 15: Europe, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 16: Europe, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 17: Europe, distribution transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 18: French power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 19: German power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 20: Italian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 21: Spanish power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 22: UK power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 23: Turkish power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 24: CIS, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
Table 25: CIS, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 26: CIS, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 27: CIS distribution transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 28: Russian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 29: MENA, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ million
Table 30: MENA, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 31: MENA, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 32: MENA, distribution transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 33: Iranian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 34: Saudi Arabian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 35: UAE power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 36: Asia Pacific, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ million
Table 37: Asia Pacific, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 38: Asia Pacific, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 39: Asia Pacific, distribution total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 40: Chinese power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 41: The operational UHV circuits in China in 2017
Table 42: UHV circuits under construction in China in 2017
Table 43: Key Technologies for UHV AC systems
Table 44: Key technologies for UVH DC systems
Table 45: Japanese power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 46: Transformer manufacturers in Japan
Table 47: Indian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 48: Indian transformer production capacity GVA
Table 49: Transformer manufacturers in India
Table 50: Indonesian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 51: Korean power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 52: Taiwanese power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 53: Korean power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 54: LAC, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2017-2022, $ nominal million
Table 55: LAC, total transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 56: LAC, power transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 57: LAC, distribution transformer sales, 2017-2022, MVA
Table 58: Brazilian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 59: Mexican power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 60: Costs and mark-up from Bill of Materials to Capex
Table 61: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost by region, 2017-2022, $ million
Table 62: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, World, 2017
Table 63: Number and average capacity in kVA of Distribution transformers by country and ownership, World, 2017
Table 64: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, North America, 2017
Table 65: Number and average capacity in kVA of Distribution transformers by country and ownership North America, 2017
Table 66: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Europe, 2017
Table 67: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Europe, 2017
Table 68:  Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA)                by country and ownership, CIS, 2017
Table 69: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country  and ownership, CIS, 2017
Table 70: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by  country and ownership, Middle East and North Africa, 2017
Table 71: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Middle East and North Africa, 2017
Table 72: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Asia Pacific, 2017
Table 73: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Asia Pacific, 2017
Table 74: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2017
Table 75: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership Africa, 2017
Table 76: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, LAC, 2017
Table 77: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, LAC, 2017
Table 78: Average numbers of household consumers per DT
Table 79: Number of LV consumers, number of distribution transformers and average LV customers per transformer in selected countries, 2014
Table 80: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), World, 2017
Table 81: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Europe, 2017
Table 82: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), CIS, 2017
Table 83: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Middle East and North Africa, 2017
Table 84: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), S-S Africa, 2017
Table 85: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Asia Pacific, 2017
Table 86: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), North America, 2017
Table 87: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Latin America, 2017
Table 88: Electrical steel producers by country and production
Table 89: Voltage level of for connection to the grid, German rules
Table 90: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Czech Republic, 2012
Table 91: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Germany, 2012
Table 92: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Italy, 2012
Table 93: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Spain, 2012
Table 94: Network losses by region
Table 95: Manufacturers of energy efficient transformers in China, 2013
Table 96: World production capacity for transformers, GVA, 2017
Table 97: Global production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2017
Table 98: China, domestic production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2017
Table 99: India, production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2007-2016
Table 100: CIS, production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA
Table 101: Population and electrical parameters of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa

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  • (NLMK) Metallurgic al Plant
  • AK Steel
  • Allegheny Ludlum
  • Alstom
  • Angang Steel
  • ArcelorMittal
  • China Steel Corporation
  • JFE Steel Corporation
  • Nippon Steel Corporation
  • Pohang Iron and Steel (POSCO)
  • Schneider
  • Shanghai Baosteel
  • Stalprodukt S.A.
  • Tata Steel (Cogent Power Ltd.)
  • Thyssen Krupp Steel
  • WCI Steel
  • Wuhan Iron and Steel (WISCO)
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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