This Handbook presents current and future studies on the changing dynamics of the role of immigrants and the impact of immigration, across the United States and industrialized and developing nations. It covers the changing dynamics of race, ethnicity, and immigration, and discusses how it all contributes to variations in crime, policing, and the overall justice system. Through acknowledging that some groups, especially people of color, are disproportionately influenced more than others in the case of criminal justice reactions, the "War on Drugs", and hate crimes; this Handbook introduces the importance of studying race and crime so as to better understand it. It does so by recommending that researchers concentrate on ethnic diversity in a national and international context in order to broaden their demographic and expand their understanding of how to attain global change.
Featuring contributions from top experts in the field, The Handbook of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice is presented in five sections An Overview of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice; Theoretical Perspectives on Race and Crime; Race, Gender, and the Justice System; Gender and Crime; and Race, Gender and Comparative Criminology. Each section of the book addresses a key area of research, summarizes findings or shortcomings whenever possible, and provides new results relevant to race/crime and justice. Every contribution is written by a top expert in the field and based on the latest research.
With a sharp focus on contemporary race, ethnicity, crime, and justice studies, The Handbook of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice is the ideal reference for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars interested in the disciplines such as Criminology, Race and Ethnicity, Race and the Justice System, and the Sociology of Race.
Notes on Contributors ix
Introduction: Past, Present, and Future 1Meghan E. Hollis and Ramiro Martinez, Jr.
Part I An Overview of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice 11
Introduction 13Ramiro Martinez, Jr. and Meghan E. Hollis
1 Intentional Inequalities and Compounding Effects: The State of Race and Justice Theory and Research 17Kevin Drakulich and Eric Rodriguez –Whitney
2 Ethnicity and Crime 39Saundra Trujillo and Maria B. Velez
3 Immigration, Crime, and Victimization in the US Context: An Overview 65Philip M. Pendergast, Tim Wadsworth, and Joshua LePree
4 Hate Crime Research in the Twenty –First Century 87Janice A. Iwama
5 Native American Crime, Policing, and Social Context 105Randall R. Butler and R. Steven Jones
6 Crime and Delinquency among Asian American Youth: A Review of the Evidence and an Agenda for Future Research 129Yue Zhuo and Sheldon Zhang
7 Racial and Ethnic Threat: Theory, Research, and New Directions 147Brian J. Stults and Nic Swagar
8 The Rise of Mass Deportation in the United States 173Daniel E. Martinez, Jeremy Slack, and Ricardo Martinez –Schuldt
Part II Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Criminal Justice 203
Introduction 205Meghan E. Hollis and Ramiro Martinez, Jr.
9 Racisms and Crime: Racialized Elaborations of General Theories of Offending 209Stacy De Coster, Rena C. Zito, and Jennifer Lutz
10 What Was Old Is New Again: An Examination of Contemporary Theoretical Approaches Used in Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice Research 227Scott Wm. Bowman and Meghan E. Hollis
11 Racial Threat and Police Coercion 255Malcolm D. Holmes
12 Fractured Reflections in Cooley s Looking Glass: Nonrecognition of Self –Presentation as Racialized Experience 279Anne Warfield Rawls and Waverly Orlando Duck
13 Examining the Intersections of Gender and Sexual Orientation within the Discipline: A Case for Feminist and Queer Criminology 303Lindsay Kahle, Jill Leslie Rosenbaum, and Sanna King
Part III Examining the Intersections of Race, Ethnicity, and Criminal Justice System Involvement 327
Introduction 329Meghan E. Hollis and Ramiro Martinez, Jr.
14 Policing Race, Gender, and Ethnicity 331M. George Eichenberg and Shannon Hankhouse
15 Ethnographic Reflexivity: Geographic Comparisons of Gangs and Policing in the Barrios of the Southwest 353Robert J. Duran
16 Ethnicity, Immigration, and the Experience of Incarceration 371Kathryn Benier and Suzanna Fay –Ramirez
17 The Puzzle of Prison Towns: Race, Rurality, and Reflexivity in Community Studies 393John M. Eason
Part IV Examining the Intersections of Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in the Study of Crime and Criminal Justice 411
Introduction 413Meghan E. Hollis and Ramiro Martinez, Jr.
18 LGBTQ Populations of Color, Crime, and Justice: An Emerging but Urgent Topic 415Vanessa R. Panfil
19 Gender and Crime: Black Female Crime 435Andrea Leverentz
20 Intersectionality, Immigration, and Domestic Violence 457Edna Erez and Shannon Harper
21 A Case Study: Neighborhood Factors and Intimate and Non –intimate Aggravated Assaults 475Amie L. Nielsen, Kristin Carbone –Lopez, and Ramiro Martinez, Jr.
Part V Comparative Approaches to Studying Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice 505
Introduction 507Meghan E Hollis and Ramiro Martinez, Jr.
22 Repatriation 509Shirley Leyro
23 Mass Deportation: Forced Removal, Immigrant Threat, and Disposable Labor in a Global Context 527Andrea Gomez Cervantes and Cecilia Menjivar
Conclusion 547Meghan E. Hollis and Ramiro Martinez, Jr.