Essentials of Adaptive Behavior Assessment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Essentials of Psychological Assessment

  • ID: 4452112
  • Book
  • 208 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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- A practical guide for assessing adaptive behavior
- Expert advice on interpreting profiles of adaptive functioning
- Conveniently formatted for Rapid Reference

A comprehensive guide to adaptive behaviors across a range of neurodevelopmental disorders

Essentials of Adaptive Behavior Assessment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders offers a practical and concise guide that explores the role of adaptive behavior in assessment and treatment and contains clear guidelines for measurement. The text includes case samples that provide real–world illustrations of behaviors and assessment. Also included are systematic comparisons of various measures that are designed to help better inform planning. Written to promote a deeper understanding of the use of assessment data to inform interventions in clinical practice, actionable coverage includes the latest information on prevalence, causes, differential diagnoses, behavioral and social concerns, test instruments, and the DSM–5® diagnostic criteria. It also addresses the wide range of legal issues and state policies affected by the change in diagnostic criteria.

Like all the volumes in the Essentials of Adaptive Behavior Assessment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, this book is designed to help busy practitioners and psychologists quickly acquire the knowledge and skills they need to make optimal use of major psychological assessment instruments. Each concise chapter features numerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensive illustrative material, as well as test questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered.

Essentials of Adaptive Behavior Assessment of Neurodevelopmental Disorders offers unmatched guidance and direction for providing feedback to parents and caretakers of individuals with intellectual disabilities, as well as for caregivers and advocates of adults seeking community and vocational support services.

Other titles in the Essentials of Psychological Assessment series:

- Essentials of Conners Behavior Assessments
- Essentials of Behavioral Assessment
- Essentials of Autism Spectrum Disorders Evaluation and Assessment
- Essentials of Intellectual Disability Assessment and Identification
- Essentials of Cross–Battery Assessment, Third Edition
- Essentials of ADHD Assessment for Children and Adolescents

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Series Preface xv

Acknowledgments xvii

One Introduction and History of Adaptive Behavior 1

Introduction 1

The Birth of Adaptive Behavior 1

Adaptive Behavior in the Definition of Intellectual Disability 5

Principles of Adaptive Behavior 9

Summary 13

Test Yourself 14

Two Methods of Assessing Adaptive Behavior 17

Types of Measures 19

Interviews 20

Unstructured Interviews 20

Semi–Structured and Structured Interviews 21

Direct Observation 21

Checklists and Rating Scales 21

Self–Administered 22

Other–Administered 22

Purpose of Measure 24

Psychometric Properties 25

Floor and Ceiling Effects 25

Item Density 26

Reliability 26

Validity 27

Adequacy of Normative Samples 28

Sociocultural Biases 29

Choosing a Measure 30

Summary 30

Test Yourself 31

Three Standardized Measures of Adaptive Behavior 33

Vineland Social Maturity Scale 33

AAMD/AAMR/AAIDD Adaptive Behavior Scales 35

Adaptive Behavior Scale (ABS) 36

Adaptive Behavior Scale, Public School Version (ABS–PSV) 36

Adaptive Behavior Scale, School Edition, and AAMR Adaptive Behavior Scale School:2 (ABS–S:2) 37

Diagnostic Adaptive Behavior Scale (DABS) 38

Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales 40

Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale (Vineland ABS) 40

Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition (Vineland–II) 42

Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Third Edition (Vineland–3) 43

Adaptive Behavior Assessment System 46

Adaptive Behavior Assessment System (ABAS) 47

Adaptive Behavior Assessment System, Second Edition (ABAS–II) 47

Adaptive Behavior Assessment System, Third Edition (ABAS–3) 49

Scales of Independent Behavior Revised (SIB–R) 50

Adaptive Behavior Evaluation Scale, Third Edition (ABES–3) 51

Developmental Assessments with Adaptive Behavior Sections 52

Battelle Developmental Inventory, Second Edition, Normative Update (BDI–2) 53

Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley–III) 53

Summary 53

Test Yourself 55

Four Adaptive Behavior Profiles in Intellectual Disability and Genetic Disorders 57

Eligibility Versus Diagnosis 58

Adaptive Behavior Profiles by Level of Cognition in ID 60

Comorbidities with ID 61

Incidence and Prevalence of ID 62

Etiologies of ID 64

Genetic Causes of ID 65

Idiopathic and Biomedical Causes of ID 75

Summary 76

Test Yourself 77

Five Adaptive Behavior Profiles in Autism Spectrum Disorder 79

Relationship Between Adaptive Behavior and Levels of Cognition 80

Relationship Between Adaptive Behavior and Age 82

Relationship Between Adaptive Behavior and Autism Symptomatology 84

Relationship Between Adaptive Behavior and Sensory Behaviors 85

Relationship Between Adaptive Behavior and Sex 86

Adaptive Behavior Profiles in Toddlers and Preschool–Age Children with ASD 87

The Impact of Race, Ethnicity, and Socioeconomic Status on Adaptive Behavior in ASD 89

Summary 91

Test Yourself 91

Six Adaptive Behavior Profiles in Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders 93

Learning Disabilities 93

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) 94

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) 96

Movement and Motor Disorders 97

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) 97

Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) 98

Cerebral Palsy 98

Tourette s Syndrome 98

Epilepsy 99

Hearing Impairments 100

Visual Impairments 101

Speech, Language, and Communication Disorders 102

Summary 103

Test Yourself 104

Seven Adaptive Behavior Profiles in Adults with Neurodevelopmental Disorders 107

Adaptive Profiles in Adults with Intellectual Disability 108

Adaptive Profiles in Adults with Genetic Disorders 110

Down Syndrome 110

Fragile X Syndrome 111

Williams Syndrome 112

Adaptive Behavior Profiles in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder 112

Adults with Language Impairments 115

Assessment for Intellectual Disability in Prisoners 116

The Relationship Between Adaptive Behavior and Residential and Vocational Success 119

Summary 121

Test Yourself 121

Eight The Role of Adaptive Behavior in Treatment and Intervention 123

Factors to Consider in Developing an Intervention Plan 124

Identifying Adaptive Behaviors to Target in Intervention 126

Evidenced–Based Practices for Treating Adaptive Behavior 130

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) 130

Naturalistic Developmental Behavioral Interventions (NDBIs) 133

Social Communication Approaches 134

Commercial Products 136

Summary 137

Test Yourself 138

Nine Case Samples 141

Case Sample 1: Individual with Intellectual Disability 141

Results 142

Sample Recommendations for Treatment of Adaptive Behavior 144

Case Sample 2: Individual with Autism Spectrum Disorder 145

Results 145

Sample Recommendations for ASD Educational Programming and Adaptive Behavior 148

Case Sample 3: Individual with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 149

Results 149

Sample Recommendations for Treatment of Adaptive Behavior 153

Summary 154

References 157

About the Authors 183

Index 185

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CELINE A. SAULNIER, PHD, and CHERYL KLAIMAN, PHD, are Associate Professors in the Department of Pediatrics at the Emory University School of Medicine & Marcus Autism Center, Children′s Healthcare of Atlanta.

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