Agro-Ecosystem Diversity: Impact on Food Security and Environmental Quality presents cutting-edge exploration of developing novel farming systems and introduces landscape ecology to agronomy. It encompasses the broad range of links between agricultural development and ecological impact and how to limit the potential negative results. Presented in seven sections, each focusing on a specific challenge to sustaining diversity, the book provides insights toward the argument that by re-introducing diversity, it should be possible to maintain a high level of productivity of agro-ecosystems while also maintaining and/or restoring a satisfactory level of environment quality and biodiversity.
- Demonstrates that diversified agro-ecosystems can be intensified with environmental quality preserved, restored and enhanced
- Includes analysis of economic constraints leading to specialization of farms and regions and the social locking forces resisting to diversification of agro-ecosystems
- Presents a global vision of world agriculture and the tradeoff between a necessary increase in food production and restoring environment quality
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1. C-N-P cycles in agro-ecosystems and impacts on environment 2. Increasing diversity within agro-ecosystem for reducing environmental emissions 3. Heterogeneity within and among agro-ecosystems and dynamics of biodiversity 4. Diversified agro-ecosystem at farm level for more sustainable agriculture production? 5. Socio-economic opportunities for and locking effects against diversification of agro-ecosystems 6. Diversification beyond the farm at landscape and regional level 7. Global aspects
Dr Gilles LEMAIRE has had a 40 year research career at INRA Center in Lusignan devoted to ecophysiology of grasslands and forage crops, grazing ecology and plant-herbivore interactions. He directed the Research Unit "Forage and Grassland Ecophysiology at INRA Lusignan (1986-1992). He was deputy director of Department Environment & Agronomy of INRA (1993-2002). He retired from INRA in 2009. He had a position of visiting professor at University of Porto-Alegre (Brazil) in 2011-2012. He has been elected as member of Academy of Agriculture of France in 2011.
Carvalho, Paulo Cesar de Faccio
Paulo holds a doctorate in Animal Science from Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP). His thesis was carried out at INRA-FR and investigated diet selection by grazing animals. He is Professor Titular at the Faculty of Agronomy of UFRGS, since 1997. He was Visiting Scientist at FAO for the theme of integrated crop-livestock systems (ICLS), and Coordinator of the Animal Science Advisory Committee of the National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development (CNPq), member of the Committee on Low Carbon Agriculture, of the Advisory Council of Alianza del Pastizal/BirdLife International. He is Vice-President of the Brazilian Society of Animal Production. He holds a level 1A research productivity grant from CNPq; leader of the Grazing Ecology Research Group. He is author of 180 peer-reviewed papers, 81 book chapters, and edited 8 books. His papers have 1370 citations on Web of Science and Scopus, H factor 15 e 16, respectively, and 2439 citations and h-index 25 on Google Scholar. He scores 36.69 on Research Gate. He was Guest Editor on 4 international journals. His research approach is focused on the management and functioning of pastoral ecosystems, and ICLS. He leads the Coordination of PISA Extension Program reaching ~1050 small stakeholders in Brazil, and currently coordinates the UFRGS Postgraduate Course in Animal Science.
Scott Kronberg has been conducting research on nutrition and feeding behavior of grazing livestock for about 25 years and plans to continue his research in ruminant nutrition and feeding behavior in respect to improving the nutritional value of red meat, reducing winter feeding costs for cows, and helping develop integrated crop and livestock production systems that are more economically and environmentally sustainable. Scott is a member of the American Society of Animal Science, the American Society of Agronomy, and the Ecological Society of America.
Dr Sylvie Recous received her PhD in soil microbial ecology from the University of Lyon, France, in 1988. She is senior scientist at the French Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA). She has been conducting research on carbon and nitrogen cycling in soils and the environmental impacts of soil organic matters management for about 30 years, with recent development on relationships between management of cropping systems and greenhouse gas emissions, particularly N2O, with several projects at European and international levels. She has been a visiting scientist at CSIRO in Perth, Western Australia (1999-2000) and in University Federal of Santa Maria (UFSM), Brazil (2012-2016). Sylvie was associate editor of Plant and Soil (1997-2005) and of Soil Research (2011-2017) journals and is currently editor-in-chief of Agronomy for Sustainable Development. She has been elected as member of Academy of Agriculture of France in 2012.