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Machine Learning Techniques for Space Weather

  • ID: 4454979
  • Book
  • May 2018
  • Region: Global
  • 454 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Machine Learning Techniques for Space Weather provides a thorough and accessible presentation of machine learning techniques that can be employed by space weather professionals. Additionally, it presents an overview of real-world applications in space science to the machine learning community, offering a bridge between the fields. As this volume demonstrates, real advances in space weather can be gained using nontraditional approaches that take into account nonlinear and complex dynamics, including information theory, nonlinear auto-regression models, neural networks and clustering algorithms.

Offering practical techniques for translating the huge amount of information hidden in data into useful knowledge that allows for better prediction, this book is a unique and important resource for space physicists, space weather professionals and computer scientists in related fields.

  • Collects many representative non-traditional approaches to space weather into a single volume
  • Covers, in an accessible way, the mathematical background that is not often explained in detail for space scientists
  • Includes free software in the form of simple MATLAB® scripts that allow for replication of results in the book, also familiarizing readers with algorithms

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Space Weather 1. Societal and Economic Importance of Space Weather 2. Data Availability and Forecast Products for Space Weather

Machine Learning 3. Information Theory 4. Regression 5. Classification

Applications 6. Geo-effectiveness of Solar Wind Parameter: An Information Theory Approach 7. Emergence of Dynamical Complexity in the Earth's Magnetosphere 8. Applications of NARMAX in Space Weather 9. Many Hours Ahead Prediction of Geomagnetic Storms with Gaussian Processes 10. Prediction of Mev Electron Fluxes with Autoregressive Models 11. Forecast of Solar Wind Parameters Using Kalman Filter 12. Artificial Neural Networks for Determining Magnetospheric Conditions 13. Reconstruction of Plasma Electron Density from Satellite Measurements via Artifical Neural Networks 14. Classification of Magnetospheric Particle Distributions via NN 15. Automated Solar Flare Prediction 16. Coronal Holes Detection using Supervised Classification 17. CME Classification via k-means Clustering Algorithm

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Camporeale, Enrico
Enrico Camporeale earned his PhD in Space Plasma Physics at the Queen Mary University of London, and had postdoctoral experience at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. He is currently a staff member at Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI), the national research center for Mathematics and Computer Science in The Netherlands. His research activity covers a broad range of topics in plasma, space physics, and space weather, with emphasis on state-of-the-art numerical models. At CWI, he is leading a research group focused on machine learning techniques for space weather applications.
Wing, Simon
Simon Wing has more than 20 years' experience in space physics and space weather. He received his PhD from TU Eindhoven, Netherlands. He has authored and co-authored over 90 papers and over 250 talks, and developed the Wing Kp Model that runs at several space weather centers around the world. He is currently a principal staff physicist at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory and an Adjunct Associate Professor at University of Maryland University College.
Johnson, Jay
Jay Johnson earned his Ph.D. degree in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and has held research positions at University of Alaska, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, where he served as Principal Research Physicist, co-director of the Princeton Center for Heliophysics, and Head of Space Physics from 2005-2016. He is currently a professor in the Department of Engineering and Computer Science at Andrews University, Michigan. He has published over 70 papers on theoretical plasma physics with emphasis on applications to space plasmas.
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