Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells provides an in-depth analysis of the fundamentals, working principles, applications and advancements (including commercialization aspects) made in the field of Microbial Fuel Cells research, with critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world. Microbial Fuel cell, as a potential alternative energy harnessing device, has been progressing steadily towards fruitful commercialization. Involvements of electrolyte membranes and catalysts have been two of the most critical factors toward achieving this progress. Added applications of MFCs in areas of bio-hydrogen production and wastewater treatment have made this technology extremely attractive and important.
- Reviews and compares MFCs with other alternative energy harnessing devices, particularly in comparison to other fuel cells
- Analyses developments of electrolyte membranes, electrodes, catalysts and biocatalysts as critical components of MFCs, responsible for their present and future progress
- Includes commercial aspects of MFCs in terms of (i) generation of electricity, (ii) microbial electrolysis cell, (iii) microbial desalination cell, and (iv) wastewater and sludge treatment
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1. Introduction to microbial fuel cells 2. Performance trends and status of microbial fuel cells 3. Configurations of microbial fuel cells 4. Polymer electrolyte membranes for microbial fuel cells: Part A. Nafion-based membranes 5. Polymer electrolyte membranes for microbial fuel cells: Part B. Non-nafion alternative membranes 6. Bipolar membranes for microbial fuel cells 7. Low-cost solutions for fabrication of microbial fuel cells: Ceramic separator and electrode modifications 8. Electrodes for microbial fuel cells 9. Anode catalysts and biocatalysts for microbial fuel cells 10. Propellants of microbial fuel cells 11. Exoelectrogens for microbial fuel cells 12. Biofilm formation within microbial fuel cells 13. Genetic approaches for improving performance of microbial fuel cells: Part A 14. Genetic approaches for improving performance of microbial fuel cells: Part B 15. Kinetics and mass transfer within microbial fuel cells 16. Biochemistry and electrochemistry at the electrodes of microbial fuel cells 17. Wastewater biorefinery based on microbial electrolysis cell: Opportunities and challenges 18. Microbial fuel cells as a platform technology for sustainable wastewater treatment 19. Microbial desalination cell technology: Functions and future prospects 20. Coupled systems based on microbial fuel cells 21. Commercialization aspects of microbial fuel cells
Dr. Patit Paban Kundu has been a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology-Roorkee since 2016. After completing his BSc in chemistry (1986), and BTech (1989) and MTech (1992) in plastics and rubber technology from University of Calcutta, he joined the group of Prof. D.K. Tripathy at the Indian Institute of Technology-Kharagpur's Rubber Technology Center for carrying out his doctoral research. Following his PhD in 1996, he joined as a lecturer in the Department of Chemical Technology, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, India, and was elevated to the position of professor in 2007. In 2009, he moved to University of Calcutta as a professor in the Department of Polymer Science and Technology, and stayed there until 2016. He did his postdoctoral studies in South Korea at the Inha University with Prof. S. Choe (2001-02) and at the Yonsei University with Prof. Y.G. Shul (2006), and in the United States at Iowa State University with Prof. R.C. Larock (2003). He is a polymer chemist and technologist and has been actively working in the field of fuel cells as one of his areas of expertise. To date, he has published about 200 papers in peer-reviewed journals. He has also contributed to eight book chapters and numerous conference proceedings. His interest in fuel cells includes microbial, direct methanol, and hydrogen fuel cells, and ranges from finding novel materials for fabricating membranes, electrodes, catalysts, and catalyst supports to the design of membrane electrode assemblies and flow channels. He has also successfully undertaken various national level projects in areas including microbial and direct methanol fuel cells.
Dr. Kingshuk Dutta has obtained his BSc in chemistry in 2006, and BTech (in 2009), MTech (in 2011), and PhD (in 2016) in polymer science and technology from University of Calcutta. He carried out his doctoral research as a senior research fellow, funded by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India), in the group of Prof. Patit P. Kundu from 2012 to 2016. After completing his PhD, he worked as a national postdoctoral fellow (2016-17), funded by the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) [Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India], in the group of Prof. Sirshendu De at the Indian Institute of Technology-Kharagpur, India. Currently, he is working as an Indo-U.S. postdoctoral fellow, funded by the SERB (DST, Government of India) and the Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum (IUSSTF), in the group of Prof. Emmanuel P. Giannelis at Cornell University, United States. His areas of interest lie in the fields of polymers (especially conducting polymers), membranes, fuel cells (including bio/microbial, alcohol, and hydrogen fuel cells), and water purification. He has contributed to 36 experimental and review papers in reputed international platforms, 4 book chapters, and numerous national and international presentations.