Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation

  • ID: 4455092
  • Book
  • 366 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Processes for Water Treatment and Power Generation focuses on the various types of membrane- based salinity gradient processes that can be applied for desalination. Topics cover salinity gradient processes for desalination, such as Forward Osmosis (FO) and Pressure Retarded Osmosis (PRO), with chapters selected exclusively from a number of world-leading experts in various disciplines and from different continents. Sections include discussions on the theoretical and fundamental approaches to salinity gradient processes, various types of membrane materials and development, i.e., flat sheet and hollow fiber, various salinity water sources for an economically feasible process, and large-scale applications.

Finally, the book focuses on economically feasible process optimization when both operational and capital costs are considered.

  • Features specific details on salinity gradient techniques for various desalination applications of industrial and academic interest
  • Contains unique discussions on membrane development and process optimization that normally only appear briefly in research articles
  • Includes examples of internationally best practices for the evaluation of several system parameters, including thermodynamic optimization, high power density membrane development, and more
  • Discusses large-scale applications and provides examples of such implementations, such as Statkraft, Japanese Megaton, and Korean GMVP

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Section 1: Fundamentals of Salinity Gradient Processes 1. Water Flux 2. Reverse Salt Flux 3. Internal and External Concentration Polarization 4. Thermodynamics 5. Draw Solute Selection

Section 2: Membranes 6. Flat Sheet Membranes 7. Hollow Fiber Membranes 8. Determining Structural Parameter (S) 9. Membrane Modules for Large Scale Applications

Section 3: Process Optimization 10. Direct Desalination with Forward Osmosis 11. Indirect Desalination with Forward Osmosis 12. Low Salinity Pressure Retarded Osmosis 13. High Salinity Pressure Retarded Osmosis 14. Ultra-High Salinity Pressure Retarded Osmosis

Section 4: Case Studies 15. Oasys
Brine Concentrator (Forward Osmosis) 16. Statcraft
Low Salinity Pressure Retarded Osmosis 17. Megaton
High Salinity Pressure Retarded Osmosis 18. GMVP
High Salinity Pressure Retarded Osmosis
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Sarp, Sarper
Dr. Sarper Sarp is a Lecturer in Chemical Engineering at College of Engineering, Swansea University (United Kingdom). Dr. Sarp also a member of internationally acclaimed Centre for Water Advanced Technologies and Environmental Research (CWATER) at Swansea University. His research interests include salinity gradient systems, micro-plastics in water sources, advanced oxidation processes, seawater pre-treatment, and solar desalination. Dr. Sarp is the author/co-author of over 25 peer-reviewed articles and 5 intellectual properties. He is also a member of the Editorial Board of Desalination Journal (Elsevier) and edited two special issues: Pressure Retarded Osmosis, and Desalination and Environment published by Desalination Journal, in early 2016.
Hilal, Nidal
Professor Nidal Hilal is the Director of Centre for Water Advanced Technologies and Environmental Research (CWATER) at Swansea University in the United Kingdom. His research interests lie broadly in the identification of innovative and cost-effective solutions within the fields of nano-water, membrane technology, and water treatment including desalination, colloid engineering and the nano-engineering applications of AFM. His internationally recognized research has led to the use of AFM in the development of new membranes with optimized properties for difficult separations. He has published 6 handbooks, 43 invited book chapters and around 450 articles in refereed scientific literature. He has chaired and delivered lectures at numerous international conferences. In 2005 he was awarded Doctor of Science (DSc) from the University of Wales and the Kuwait Prize for applied science "Water resources development”. He is the Editor-in-Chief for the international journal Desalination. He sits on the editorial boards of a number of international journals, is an advisory board member of several multinational organizations and has served on/consulted for industry, government departments, research councils and universities on an international basis.
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