2D Materials Beyond Graphene: Properties, Markets, Applications and Opportunity - Product Image

2D Materials Beyond Graphene: Properties, Markets, Applications and Opportunity

  • ID: 4460426
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 70 Pages
  • Future Markets, Inc
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Graphene has brought to the world’s attention the exceptional properties of two-dimensional (2D) nanosheet materials. Due to its exceptional transport, mechanical and thermal properties, graphene has been at the forefront of nanomaterials research over the past few years. Its development has enabled researchers to explore other 2D layered materials, such as the transition metal dichalcogenides, a wide variety of oxides and nitrides and clays. Graphene has a major problem for novel 2D semiconductor applications as it lacks an energy gap between its conduction and valence bands, which makes it difficult to achieve low power dissipation in the OFF state. It therefore requires extensive modification (strain or other gap-opening engineering) to create one.

Researchers have therefore looked beyond graphene in recent years to other layered 2D materials, such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and phosphorene. These materials possess the intrinsic properties of graphene, such as high electrical conductivity, insulating and semi-conducting properties, high thermal conductivity, high mechanical strength, gas diffusion barriers, high chemical stability and radiation shielding, but crucially also possess a semiconductor band gap. Theoretical and experimental works on these materials have rapidly increased in the past couple of years and they are now commercially available from several advanced materials producers.

2D materials beyond graphene covered in this report include:

  • Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)
  • Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN)
  • Phosphorene
  • Graphitic carbon nitride
  • Germanene
  • Graphane
  • Graphdiyne
  • Stanene/tinene
  • Tungsten diselenide
  • Rhenium disulfide
  • Diamene
  • Silicene
  • Antimonene
  • Indium selenide.

Markets these materials could significantly impact and are covered in this report include:

  • Electronics.
  • Batteries (Lithium-ion, sodium-ion, lithium-sulfur, lithium-oxygen).
  • Sensors.
  • Separation membranes.
  • Photocatalysts.
  • Thermoelectrics.
  • Photovoltaics.
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1 MARKET OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS FOR 2D MATERIALS

2 2D MATERIALS
2.1 Beyond Moore’s law
2.2 Batteries

3 PHOSPHORENE
3.1 Properties
3.1.1 Fabrication methods
3.1.2 Challenges for the use of phosphorene in devices
3.2 Applications
3.2.1 Electronics
3.2.1.1 Field effect transistors
3.2.2 Thermoelectrics
3.2.3 Batteries
3.2.3.1 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB)
3.2.3.2 Sodium-ion batteries
3.2.3.3 Lithium-sulfur batteries
3.2.4 Supercapacitors
3.2.5 Photodetectors
3.2.6 Sensors
3.3 Market opportunity assessment

4 GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)
4.1 Properties
4.1.1 Synthesis
4.1.2 C2N
4.2 Applications
4.2.1 Electronics
4.2.2 Filtration membranes
4.2.3 Photocatalysts
4.2.4 Batteries (LIBs)
4.2.5 Sensors
4.3 Market opportunity assessment

5 GERMANENE
5.1 Properties
5.2 Applications
5.2.1 Electronics
5.2.2 Batteries
5.3 Market opportunity assessment

6 GRAPHDIYNE
6.1 Properties
6.2 Applications
6.2.1 Electronics
6.2.2 Batteries
6.2.2.1 Lithium-ion batteries (LIB)
6.2.2.2 Sodium ion batteries
6.2.3 Separation membranes
6.2.4 Water filtration
6.2.5 Photocatalysts
6.2.6 Photovoltaics
6.3 Market opportunity assessment

7 GRAPHANE
7.1 Properties
7.2 Applications
7.2.1 Electronics
7.2.2 Hydrogen storage
7.3 Market opportunity assessment

8 HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE
8.1 Properties
8.2 Applications
8.2.1 Electronics
8.2.2 Fuel cells
8.2.3 Adsorbents
8.2.4 Photodetectors
8.2.5 Textiles
8.2.6 Biomedical
8.3 Market opportunity assessment

9 MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)
9.1 Properties
9.2 Applications
9.2.1 Electronics
9.2.2 Photovoltaics
9.2.3 Piezoelectrics
9.2.4 Sensors
9.2.5 Filtration
9.2.6 Batteries
9.2.7 Fiber lasers
9.3 Market opportunity assessment

10 RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)
10.1 Properties
10.2 Applications
10.2.1 Electronics
10.3 Market opportunity assessment

11 SILICENE
11.1 Properties
11.2 Applications
11.2.1 Electronics
11.2.2 Photovoltaics
11.2.3 Thermoelectrics
11.2.4 Batteries
11.2.5 Sensors
11.3 Market opportunity assessment

12 STANENE/TINENE
12.1 Properties
12.2 Applications
12.2.1 Electronics
12.3 Market opportunity assessment

13 TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE
13.1 Properties
13.2 Applications
13.2.1 Electronics
13.3 Market opportunity assessment

14 OTHER 2D MATERIALS
14.1 ANTIMONENE
14.1.1 Properties
14.1.2 Applications
14.2 DIAMENE
14.2.1 Properties
14.2.2 Applications
14.3 INDIUM SELENIDE
14.3.1 Properties
14.3.2 Applications
14.3.2.1 Electronics

15 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS

16 2D MATERIALS PRODUCERS

17 REFERENCES

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: 2D materials types
Table 2: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2
Table 3: Market opportunity assessment for phosphorene applications
Table 4: Market opportunity assessment for graphitic carbon nitride applications
Table 5: Market opportunity assessment for germanene applications
Table 6: Market opportunity assessment for graphdiyne applications
Table 7: Market opportunity assessment for graphane applications
Table 8: Market opportunity assessment for hexagonal boron nitride applications
Table 10: Market opportunity assessment for molybdenum disulfide applications
Table 11: Market opportunity assessment for Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) applications
Table 12: Market opportunity assessment for silicene applications
Table 13: Market opportunity assessment for stanine/tinene applications
Table 14: Market opportunity assessment for tungsten diselenide applications
Table 15: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Schematic of 2-D materials
Figure 2: Black phosphorus structure
Figure 3: Black Phosphorus crystal
Figure 4: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation
Figure 5: Graphitic carbon nitride
Figure 6: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal
Figure 7: Schematic of germanene
Figure 8: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 9: Schematic of Graphane crystal
Figure 10: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Figure 11: BN nanosheet textiles application
Figure 12: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
Figure 13: SEM image of MoS2
Figure 14: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
Figure 15: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
Figure 16: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide
Figure 17: Silicene structure
Figure 18: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
Figure 19: Silicene transistor
Figure 20: Crystal structure for stanene
Figure 21: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
Figure 22: Schematic of tungsten diselenide

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