The Jungle. Calais's Camps and Migrants

  • ID: 4464006
  • Book
  • 200 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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For nearly two decades, the area surrounding the French port of Calais has been a temporary staging post for thousands of migrants and refugees hoping to cross the channel to Britain. It achieved global attention when, at the height of the migrant crisis in 2015, all those living there were transferred to a single camp that became known as the Jungle . Until its dismantling in October 2016, this precarious site, intended to make its inhabitants as invisible as possible, was instead the focal point of international concern about the plight of migrants and refugees.

This new book is the first full account of life inside the Jungle and its relation to the global migration crisis. Anthropologist Michel Agier and his colleagues use the particular circumstances of the Jungle, localized in space and time, to analyse broader changes underway in our societies, both locally and globally. Starting from the camp s architecture, the authors describe the transformation of its spaces into an embryonic shantytown, encouraging a wider reflection on urbanism in the context of increasingly mobile populations. They investigate how everyday life and routine operated in the Jungle, raising broader questions about how marginalised communities are perceived and represented. Finally, addressing the mixed reactions to the camp – from hostile government policies to movements of solidarity – the authors show our relationship with the Other as part of a wider struggle in the formation of local, national and transnational identities.

This comprehensive account of the life and death of Europe s most infamous camp for migrants and refugees demonstrates that, far from being an isolated case, the Jungle of Calais brings into sharp relief the issues that confront us all today, in a world where the large–scale movement of people has become, and is likely to remain, a central feature of social and political life.
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List of illustrations
Introduction: For a better understanding
A longer history of the Jungle
Europe and the migration question
Calais as metonym for European crisisÉ and solidarity
Chapter 1. Movement To and Fro: The Calais Region from 1986 to 2016
1986 1997: the indifference of the French authorities
1997 999: a growing attention
1999 2000: the Sangatte moment
2002: British control at the port of Calais
The long years of eviction
2009 the closing of the Calais jungle  : a new media sequence
The network of voluntary organizations
A brief ray of light
The rise of the far right
September 2014 onward: concentrate, disperse, control
Chapter 2. From Sangatte to Calais: inhabiting the Jungles
Sangatte, 1999–2002
March 2015: Jungles, camps, squats
April 2015 to October 2016: The Jungle or The Art of Building Towns
Chapter 3. A Sociology of the Jungle: Everyday Life in a Precarious Space
Society under precarious conditions
Settling in the shantytown
Economic and social life
Making a community
Chapter 4. A Jungle of Solidarities
Calais as a cosmopolitan crossroads of solidarities
The situation in other encampments
Mobilization networks: from local to national
Chapter 5. Destruction, Dispersal, Returns
The biggest shantytown in Europe
The sheltering operation as spectacle
Dispersal
After the demolition: returns and rejections
Conclusion: The Calais Event
The camp as hypertrophy of the border
Cosmopolitics of the Jungle
Postscript: How this Book was Written
The Authors
Notes
Index
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Michel Agier
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