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Muon Spin Spectroscopy in Chemistry

  • ID: 4469841
  • Book
  • 350 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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In this timely overview of the hot topic, displaying both application range and perspectives, outstanding experts and pioneers in the field begin with an introduction to muonium chemistry and to the techniques of muon spin spectroscopy. All relevant areas of varying degrees of complexity are discussed, from chemical reactivity in the gas phase to condensed matter and biological systems, while a chapter on the latest developments and promising perspectives completes this unique book.
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PERSPECTIVE AND INTRODUCTORY REMARKS

What do muons bring to chemistry?

Muon facilities and background to experimental muon techniques

The development of muonium chemistry

MUON BEAMS AND SPIN SPECTROSCOPY

Spin polarized muon beams

Muon decay and detection of its spin polarization

Muons and muonium in transverse megnetic fields

Muonium in longitudinal magnetic fields

Muon spectroscopy with pulsed beams

FORMATION OF CHEMICAL STATES INCORPORATING MUONS

µ+charge exchange and Mu formation in the gas phase

Mu formation and track effects in dense media

Chemical processes forming muoniated molecules

µ– capture and muonic atom formation

CHEMICAL REACTIVITY AND DYNAMICS IN THE GAS PHASE

Chemical kinetics from the time dependence of muon polarization

Nature of the potential energy surface: a case profile for H3

Zero–point energy and kinetic isotope effects

Quantum tunneling and kinetic isotope effects

Comparison of theory and experiment for abstraction reactions by muonium

Mu addition/recombination reactions in alkenes and alkynes

Product kinetics studied by diamagnetic RF resonance

Zero–point energy and vibrational bonding

Spectroscopy and reactivity involving excited states.

MUONIUM CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS IN CONDENSED PHASES

Setting the stage: chemical reactivity in liquids vs. gases

Muonium diffusion in liquids

Pressure and density dependence

Comparison of Mu and H kinetics in the liquid phase

Muon spin dephasing during reaction

Muon and muonium diffusion in solids

MUONIATED FREE RADICALS

What do muons bring to free radical chemistry?

Muon spin spectroscopy of free radicals

Muoniated free radicals studiedf by RF resonance

Avoided level–crossing resonance spectroscopy

Hyperfine coupling constants and their isotope effects

Intramolecular dynamics of muoniated radicals

Reactions of muoniated radicals

Solvent effects on hyperfine coupling constants

Characterization of novel radicals by muon spin spectroscopy

SPIN RELAXATION STUDIES

Probing spin relaxation with muons

Electron spin exchange reactions of muonium

Dynamics and spin relaxation in molecular environments

The effects of muon spin relaxation during chemical reactions

ASPECTS OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY

Muonium in confined spaces

Muonium and muoniated radicals in fullerenes

Muonium and radicals in clathrates

Muoniated radicals in zeolites

Muonium and muoniated radicals on surfaces

Muons in crystalline solids

SOFT MATTER AND ORGANIC MATERIALS

Muonium and muoniated radicals in micelles

Partitioning of co–surfactants in bilayers and micelles

Dynamics of muoniated spin–probes in liquid crystals

µSR studies of insulating polymers

µSR studies of conducting polymers

Muon spin probes in organic semiconductors

Applications to biological systems

FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS AND OUTLOOK

Elemental analysis using muonic atoms

Pulsed muons and laser spectroscopy

Microwaves in muonium chemistry

Chemical applications of a muon microscope
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Donald G. Fleming
Iain McKenzie
Paul W. Percival
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