The authoritative guide to water and sanitation related diseases, with many revised, updated and new chapters, accompanies the First Edition
Augmenting authoritativeinterdisciplinary coverage in the first edition, this new edition of Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Changing Environmentexpands upon the significance of the changing environment to disease vectors, food systems and nutrition, and population, and the importance of ecosystem health to human health. Many chapters stand as they are in first edition to which readers are referred, and which are not included in this volume.
The books were written by 75 experts from the fields of climate change, environmental engineering, environmental health, epidemiology, food and agriculture, global health, medicine, medical anthropology, nutrition, population, and public health. The authors discuss international conditions responsible for diseases that result from a lack of safe water and sanitation including pollutants and other interconnected environmental factors. The authors discuss the pathogens, vectors, and their biology, morbidity and mortality that result from a lack of safe water and sanitation. The text also explores the distribution of these diseases and the conditions that must be met to reduce or eliminate them. The authors cover access to and maintenance of clean water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta, and grey water, plus examples of solutions. This important guide:
- Offers an understanding of the interconnection among many water–related diseases, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) factors.
- Provides an appreciation of the concerns and most recent solutions addressed from an international perspective.
- Provides strategies for securing safe water, sanitation, and hygiene.
- Is filled with compelling examples of successful interventions and how they were accomplished such as the near eradication of Guinea worm disease.
Written for students and professionals in public health and medicine, chemical and environmental engineering, and international affairs, and for decision–makers and corporate leaders, this new edition of Water and Sanitation Related Diseases and the Changing Environment isa comprehensive resource that complements the first edition.
PREFACEJanine M. H. Selendy
INTRODUCTIONJanine M. H. Selendy and Jens Aagaard–Hansen
SECTION I: WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE: MEETING THE NEED
1. Toward Universal Access to Basic and Safely Managed Drinking Water: Remaining Challenges and New Opportunities in the Era of Sustainable Development GoalsMitsuaki Hirai and Jay P. Graham
2. The Human Right to SanitationAnoop Jain and Jay P. Graham
3. Coping with Water Needs: The Demographic FutureGuigui Yao and Robert Wyman
4. Water, Food, and the EnvironmentRobert Wyman and Guigui Yoa
5. Water and Armed ConflictBarry S. Levy
6. Additional Measures To Prevent, Ameliorate And Reduce Water Pollution and Related Water Diseases: Global Water GovernanceNikhil Chandavarkar SECTION II: WATER AND SANITATION–RELATED DISEASES
7. Infectious DiarrheaSean Fitzwater, Anita Shet, Mathuram Santosham, and Margaret Kosek
8. Soil–Transmitted Helminths: Ascaris, Trichuris, and Hookworm InfectionsAlexander T. Yu and Brian G. Blackburn
9. Food Systems and Nutrition, In The Context of Climate ChangeJosé Graziano da Silva
10. Malaria in the Brazilian Amazon: New Understanding and Directions for InterventionMarcia Castro and Burton H Singer
11. SchistosomiasisPascal Magnussen, Birgitte Jyding Vennervald, and Jens Aagaard–Hansen
12. TrachomaEmma M. Harding–Esch, Joseph A. Cook, David C. Mabey, Anthony W. SolomonSECTION III: ANTHROPOGENIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING POLLUTANTS
13. Impacts of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the EnvironmentM. Danielle McDonald
14. Other Water Pollutants: Antibiotic–Resistant BacteriaRochelle Rainey
15. Global Substitution of Mercury–based Medical Devices in the Health SectorAnitha Nimmagadda, Ivorie Stanley, Joshua Karliner, and Peter OrrisSECTION IV: WATER TREATMENT AND SAFE STORAGE
16. Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in Low–Income CountriesThomas F. Clasen
SECTION V: CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH
17. Changing Geographic Distribution of Disease VectorsMary E. Wilson
18. Reassessing Multiple–Intervention Malaria Control Programs of the Past: Lessons for the Design of Contemporary InterventionsBurton H. Singer and Marcia C. Castro
19. Ecosystem Health as The Basis for Human HealthTom Barker and Jane Fisher
20. Addressing the Nexus of Water, Sanitation, Health and Climate Change Through Multistakeholder PartnershipsNikhil Chandavarkar
SECTION VI: SUCCESS STORIES
21. Extending the Right to Health Care and Improving Child Survival in MexicoJulio Frenk and Octavio Gómez–Dantés
22. Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease): Case Study of the Effort to Eradicate Guinea WormDonald R. Hopkins and Ernesto Ruiz–Tiben
23. Sanitation Case StudiesAnoop Jain and Jay P. Graham
24. Catalyzing Rural Sanitation at Scale: Lessons Learned from The Global Sanitation FundCarolien Van der Voorden and Patrick England