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Sodium Chloride Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2023-2028)

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  • 120 Pages
  • April 2023
  • Region: Global
  • Mordor Intelligence
  • ID: 4515105
The sodium chloride market was estimated at over 250,000 kilotons in 2022, and the market is projected to register a CAGR of over 5% during the forecast period.

The COVID-19 outbreak in 2020 had a detrimental influence on the market due to the temporary halt in construction operations and the worldwide shutdown of chemical manufacturing facilities. However, the market picked up and is expected to follow a similar projection in the forecast period.

Key Highlights

  • The increasing demand for sodium chloride as a chemical agent from the chemical sector and the increasing demand for pharmaceutical-grade sodium chloride in North America and Europe are expected to fuel the market expansion.
  • However, the emergence of numerous alternative chemicals with improved properties that can be utilized as preservatives and deicing agents, on the other hand, may stifle market growth.
  • The increasing usage of sodium-based batteries and the increasing production of Chlor-alkali products is expected to offer various opportunities for future market growth.
  • While Asia-Pacific dominates the market, North America is predicted to develop quickly throughout the forecast period.

Sodium Chloride Market Trends

Chemical Production Segment to Dominate the Market

  • Sodium chloride produces many chemicals, including organic, inorganic, and chlor-alkali compounds such as chlorine, soda ash, and caustic soda. These materials are then used to make various products, including polyvinyl chloride (PVC), detergents, glass, dyes, and soaps.
  • In addition to being utilized in the production of detergents and the metallurgical industry, sodium carbonate (soda ash) is also employed in producing heavy chemicals, including phosphates, silicates, and glass. Limestone and sodium chloride, both of which are inexpensive and widely accessible, is used in the Solvay process. Ammonia and carbon dioxide turn salt and limestone into sodium carbonate.
  • In 2021, 9,645 kilotons of chlorine were generated, an increase of around 4.6% from the year before, according to the Chlor-Alkali Industry Review. Additionally, chlorine consumption increased by almost 3%, from 79.5% in 2020 to 82.5% in 2021.
  • According to the report, most chlorine produced was used in the PVC, EDC/VCM application, accounting for approximately 31.6%, followed by Isocrynates and Oxygenates (30.8%) and Inorganics (12.7%).
  • According to the United Census Bureau, overall construction spending in the United States in December 2022 was USD 1,809.8 billion. On a year-over-year basis, the construction sector increased by 7.7% in December compared to December 2021, with total spending reaching USD 1,681.0 billion. It, in turn, enhanced the demand for PVC products and polyurethane-based construction industry materials, such as rigid foam insulation panels.
  • Furthermore, caustic soda is used in the Kraft process, which converts wood into wood pulp and is still the dominant method in paper manufacture. According to the Chlor-Alkali Industry Review, 9,250 kilotons of caustic soda were utilized in the European region in 2021, with Organics accounting for the major share.
  • Therefore, based on the factors above, the chemical products segment is expected to dominate the market in the coming years.

Asia-Pacific Region to Dominate the Market

  • Asia-Pacific dominated the global market share, with rising demand from the chemical industry. China is a hub for chemical processing, accounting for most chemicals produced globally.
  • According to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, the country generated over 39 million metric tons of Sodium Hydroxide, which can be used to make chemicals, water treatment, and metal processing. In addition to industrial use, sodium hydroxide is commonly found in domestic cleaning detergents.
  • According to the statistics presented by the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, India, major chemicals production climbed by 5.73% to 43.51 lakh tons in 2022-23 (up to July 2022) compared to 41.15 lakh tons in the previous year's similar period.
  • Sodium chloride also serves its purpose in various applications in the pharmaceutical industry. It is used in manufacturing APIs and other products, such as dialysis and infusion solutions, injections, saline drips, and oral rehydration salts.
  • According to the estimations by IQVIA, China, the world's second-largest pharmaceutical spending country, will increase the volume of the segment by 8% over five years, while spending will increase by 19%, a slower rate than in previous years but still at a focus on extending access to innovative drugs.
  • The Indian pharmaceutical industry is also expected to reach ~USD 130 billion by 2030, as the India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) suggested. The country is the largest producer of vaccines worldwide, accounting for around 60% of the total vaccines as of 2021, and ranks third across the globe for pharmaceutical production by volume.
  • With the ever-increasing demands in the different sectors related to the sodium chloride market in one way or another, the market for the same is expected to be dominated by the Asia-Pacific region.

Sodium Chloride Market Competitor Analysis

The sodium chloride market is partially consolidated among the top players. The key players (not in a particular order) include Nouryon, Cargill Incorporated, Wacker Chemie AG, INEOS, and Tata Chemicals Europe.

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Table of Contents

1.1 Study Assumptions
1.2 Scope of the Study



4.1 Drivers
4.1.1 Increasing Demand for Sodium Chloride as a Chemical Agent
4.1.2 Increasing Demand for Pharmaceutical-grade Sodium Chloride in North America and Europe
4.2 Restraints
4.2.1 Emergence of Numerous Alternative Chemicals that can be Utilized as Preservatives and Deicing Agents
4.2.2 Other Restraints
4.3 Industry Value Chain Analysis
4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers
4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants
4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products and Services
4.4.5 Degree of Competition

5 MARKET SEGMENTATION (Market Size in Volume)
5.1 Grade
5.1.1 Rock Salt
5.1.2 Solar Salt
5.1.3 Vacuum Salt
5.2 Application
5.2.1 Chemical Production
5.2.2 Deicing
5.2.3 Water Conditioning
5.2.4 Agriculture
5.2.5 Food Processing
5.2.6 Pharmaceutical
5.2.7 Other Applications
5.3 Geography
5.3.1 Asia-Pacific China India Japan South Korea Rest of Asia-Pacific
5.3.2 North America United States Canada Mexico
5.3.3 Europe Germany United Kingdom Italy France Rest of Europe
5.3.4 South America Brazil Argentina Rest of South America
5.3.5 Middle East & Africa Saudi Arabia South Africa Rest of Middle East & Africa

6.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements
6.2 Market Share (%)**/Ranking Analysis
6.3 Strategies Adopted by Leading Players
6.4 Company Profiles
6.4.1 Cargill, Incorporated.
6.4.2 CK Life Sciences Int’l. (Holdings) Inc.
6.4.3 Compass Minerals
6.4.4 INEOS
6.4.5 K+S Aktiengesellschaft
6.4.6 Nouryon
6.4.7 Pon Pure Chemicals Group
6.4.8 Rio Tinto
6.4.9 Südwestdeutsche Salzwerke AG
6.4.10 Swiss Salt Works AG
6.4.11 Tata Chemicals Europe
6.4.12 Wacker Chemie AG

7.1 Increasing use of Sodium-based Batteries
7.2 Increasing Production of Chlor-alkali Products

Companies Mentioned (Partial List)

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes, but is not limited to:

  • Cargill, Incorporated.
  • CK Life Sciences Int’l. (Holdings) Inc.
  • Compass Minerals
  • K+S Aktiengesellschaft
  • Nouryon
  • Pon Pure Chemicals Group
  • Rio Tinto
  • Südwestdeutsche Salzwerke AG
  • Swiss Salt Works AG
  • Tata Chemicals Europe
  • Wacker Chemie AG