The small caliber ammunition market is anticipated to register a CAGR of over 5% during the forecast period (2022 - 2031).
The COVID-19 pandemic has a very low impact on the small caliber ammunition market as the procurement programs of armed forces for new generation military arms and ammunition have remained unaffected.
The growth of the small caliber ammunition market is subjective to several associative factors, such as allocation of funds for procurement of new equipment, and maybe adversely affected due to the rapid technological advances resulting in a short-effective life of newly developed technology.
Increasing investments in defense for military modernization programs for the procurement of better equipment to replace its existing arsenal is also acting as one of the key market drivers of the small caliber ammunition market.
The stringent laws on gun ownership are acting as a key restrain for the growth of the small caliber ammunition market during the forecast period. The growing emphasis on gun control measures to reduce accidental gun deaths and injuries, domestic violence-related deaths, homicides, and suicides may even make the licensed rifle purchasing processes difficult during the upcoming period, and this is expected to deter growth of the market during the forecast period.
Key Market Trends
The Military Segment Accounted for a Major Market Share in 2021
The growing threats due to terrorism, territorial conflicts, and geopolitical tensions have forced the countries to increase their defense spending. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the total global military expenditure increased to USD 1,981 billion in 2020 which represents an increase of 2.8% from 2019. The growing defense budgets have facilitated the increasing investments in military modernization programs aimed at the procurement of better weapons to supplement or replace the existing weapons arsenal. The impact of military modernization on the ammunition market is being witnessed in countries like Germany, France, India, China, and Russia, which are spending significantly on enhancing the capabilities of their ground forces by inducting state-of-the-art small arms. For instance, from June 2020, United States Air Force’s combat arms units began the introduction of M18 semi-automatic pistols from Sig Sauer. The Small Arms Program Office of the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center acquired about 125,000 M18 handguns (worth USD 22.1 million), which began to replace the Beretta M9 pistols that were in service since 1985. In addition, the need to maintain a sufficient inventory of ammunition with the militaries worldwide and the increasing demand for training ammunition is also anticipated to have a positive impact on the military small caliber ammunition segment. Also, several militaries have been involved in peacekeeping missions and counter-insurgency operations in foreign countries and require continuous supply of ammunition for continuing their operations. This has been one of the primary growth factors for the segment. However, as the US-led troops moved out of the conflict zones, such as Afghanistan, Iraq and Somalia in 2021, the market for military small caliber ammunition is expected to register lower growth in the years to come, as compared to the growth observed in the last decade. Militaries are increasingly moving towards higher calibers like 7.62 mm projectiles, as the existing widely used calibers like the 5.56 mm are becoming ineffective in piercing the tougher armors. Countries, like the United States and India, are also developing firearms based on new calibers like the 6.8 mm ammunition, which are expected to witness higher demand in the years to come.
North America is the Largest Market for Small Caliber Ammunition in 2021
The US has one of the largest armed forces in the world, with 1.83 million total military personnel. The US is also the largest military spending country in the world. According to SIPRI, the United States spent around USD 778 billion on its military in 2020. The United States has around 750 bases in at least 80 countries across the world as of July 2021. In addition to active combat, US personnel are typically deployed as part of several peacekeeping missions, military attachés, or are part of the embassy, consulate security, and several other classified missions. Such deployments have significantly contributed toward the growth of procurement of arms and ammunition by the US armed forces. The United States launched Next Generation Squad Weapon (NGSW) program in 2017, which aims to replace the 5.56x45mm caliber M4 Carbine, M249 SAW (Squad Automatic Weapon), and 7.62x51mm caliber M240 machine guns with rifles that utilize a common 6.8mm caliber cartridge. The contract for the NGSW rifle is anticipated to provide weapon suppliers (among True Velocity and Sig Sauer, Inc.) by end of 2022.
On the other hand, the civilians in the US alone account for more than about 45% of the worldwide total of civilian held firearms. Government initiatives aimed at creating personal safety awareness programs drive the civilian small arms and ammunition demand in the country. Programs like the Civilian Marksmanship Program promotes firearm safety training and rifle practice for citizens with special focus on youth. However, as the gun related violence in the country increased over the past few years, the government has been making strict gun polices to regulate the gun prefoliation in the country.
The small caliber ammunition market is fragmented, due to the presence of several local and global players in the market. Some of the prominent players in the small caliber ammunition market are CBC Global Ammunition, Northrop Grumman Corporation, General Dynamics Corporation, Nammo AS, and Olin Corporation. Most countries at present are producing small ammunition through local production capacities and with very limited orders being given to foreign players for meeting specific caliber shortage of ammunition of purpose with military applications. For instance, the Kenya Ordnance Factories Corporation (KOFC) is the local manufacturing company in Kenya that manufactures small-caliber ammunition and related products delivered to Kenyan armed forces, security agencies, and licensed arms dealers. It exported it to allied countries in Africa. The manufacturing facility’s capacity is estimated to be at least 20,000 bullets per day. Similarly, INDUMIL, FAMAE, and Aguila Ammunition are the local manufacturers of small caliber ammunition in Colombia, Chile, and Mexico, respectively that cater to local demand. NATO members and players in the NATO countries benefit from ammunition demand that originates from other NATO members and thus have adequate market presence in the military market.
- The market estimate (ME) sheet in Excel format
- 3 months of analyst support
1.2 Scope of Study
1.3 Currency Conversion Rates for USD
3.2 Market Share by Use, 2021
3.3 Market Share by Geography, 2021
3.4 Structure of the Market and Key Participants
4.2 Market Drivers
4.3 Market Restraints
4.4 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Buyers/Consumers
4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.4.3 Threat of New Entrants
4.4.4 Threat of Substitute Products
4.4.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
5.2.1 North America
126.96.36.199 United States
188.8.131.52 United Kingdom
184.108.40.206 Rest of Europe
220.127.116.11 South Korea
18.104.22.168 Rest of Asia-Pacific
5.2.4 Latin America
22.214.171.124 Rest of Latin America
5.2.5 Middle-East and Africa
126.96.36.199 Saudi Arabia
188.8.131.52 United Arab Emirates
184.108.40.206 Rest of Middle-East and Africa
6.2 Company Profiles
6.2.1 Northrop Grumman Corporation
6.2.2 General Dynamics Corporation
6.2.3 BAE Systems PLC
6.2.4 Denel SOC Ltd
6.2.5 Remington Arms Company LLC.
6.2.6 CBC Global Ammunition
6.2.7 RUAG Group
6.2.9 Nammo AS
6.2.10 Olin Corporation
6.2.11 CCI Ammunition
6.2.12 Elbit Systems Ltd
6.2.13 Ordnance Factory Board (OFB)
6.2.14 PT Pindad
A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:
- Northrop Grumman Corporation
- General Dynamics Corporation
- BAE Systems PLC
- Denel SOC Ltd
- Remington Arms Company LLC.
- CBC Global Ammunition
- RUAG Group
- Nammo AS
- Olin Corporation
- CCI Ammunition
- Elbit Systems Ltd
- Ordnance Factory Board (OFB)
- PT Pindad