Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics

  • ID: 4519359
  • Book
  • 450 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics: Instrumentation, Application, and Data Processing Methods offers an advanced look at state-of-the-art and innovative technologies for near surface geophysics, exposing the latest, most effective techniques in an accessible way. By addressing a variety of geophysical applications, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, characteristics of soil, and others, the book provides an understanding of the best products and methodologies modern near surface geophysics has to offer. It proposes tips for new ideas and projects, and encourages collaboration across disciplines and techniques for the best implementation and results.

Clearly organized, with contributions from leaders from throughout geophysics, this book is an important guide for geophysicists who hope to gain a better understanding of the tools and techniques available.

  • Addresses a variety of applications in near-surface geophysics, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, soil analysis, and more
  • Provides insights into available products and techniques
  • Offers suggestions for future developments
  • Clearly organized by techniques and their applications
  • Includes a companion website with sample codes, video clips, etc.
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Contributions on GPR 1. GPR systems equipped with array of antennas 2. Advanced CWSF GPR system 3. Reconfigurable GPR systems 4. Advanced methods for utility mapping with GPR systems 5. Advanced methodologies for investigation of columns 6. Use of GPR in urban areas 7. Use of GPR in transport infrastructures

Contributions on Magnetometers 8. Advanced magnetic prospecting with vehicle towed array and solid Cs magnetometers 9. Magnetic prospecting integrated with multispectral and-or hyper-spectral data 10. Magnetic surveys in desert areas

Contributions on ERT 11. Advanced equipment for the simultaneous measure of apparent resistivity and spontaneous potentials 12. ERT advanced data processing techniques 13. ERT advanced inversion techniques

Contributions on seismic 14. Advanced processing for passive seismic data 15. Seismic data applied to geological structures

Contributions on TLS 16. Terrestrial Laser Scanning and Structure from Motion 17. Terrestrial laser Scanning including the use of UAV drones

Contributions on XRF 18. Geochemical investigations performed with on XRF instruments 19. Multi instrument down hole probe systems for XRF investigation

Contributions on Integrated Prospecting 20. Archaeological interpretation of geophysical results 21. Development of geophysical measurement systems and presentation of prospection and properly positioned data 22. Integrated geophysical methods for archaeology

Contributions on other techniques 23. Theory of the continuation of the potential fields 24. TDR methodology for the measure of magnetic properties of materials at radio frequencies 25. Recent advances in THz imaging 26. Recent advances and prospective of muon tomography 27. Recent advances on electromagnetic induction (EMI) 28. Advanced hardware tools for quantum gravity

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Persico, Raffaele
Raffaele Persico has been Research Scientist at the Consortium for Advanced Research on Remote Sensing Systems CO.RI.S.T.A. and then at the Institute for Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment IREA-CNR. In 2007, he joined the Institute for Archaeological and Monumental Heritage IBAM-CNR. His main interests are noninvasive prospecting applied to cultural heritage, inversion approaches applied to GPR data, reconfigurable stepped frequency GPR systems, TDR probes. He is Associated Editor of Geophysical Prospecting and Near Surface Geophysics, as well as member of the Committee of the European GPR Association. He co-authored or authored about 200 papers, 2 books and 1 patent. He chaired the 13th International GPR Conference in 2010 and was publication chair of the 15th Mediterranean Microwave Symposimum in 2015.
Piro, Salvatore
Salvatore Piro received his degree in physics (geophysics) from La Sapienza University (Rome, Italy) in 1979. Between 1981 and 1984 he was a researcher fellow at the Institute of Technologies Applied to Cultural Heritage (CNR-National Research Council - Italy) where he developed the acquisition, elaboration and interpretation techniques for archaeological prospection employing magnetic, geoelectric and ground penetrating radar methods. Between 1984 till 1995 he was researcher confirmed and from 1995 to 2009 he was senior scientist in the same institute. He is Research Director in the Institute for Technologies Applied to Cultural Heritage from 2010, continuing. Between 2002 and 2008 he was Professor of Geophysics for Archaeology in the Archaeological Department of University La Sapienza (Rome, Italy) and from 2012 he is Professor of Applied Geophysics in the Earth Science Department, University La Sapienza (Rome, Italy). His research interest includes acquisition and processing of integrated geophysical methods for near surface investigations. He is a member of SEG, EAGE, Near Surface Geophysics, EGU, EEGS and ISAP societies. He is Associate Editor of Near Surface Geophysics, Archaeological Prospection, International Journal of Geophysics, Journal of Archaeology.
Linford, Neil
Neil Linford has the role of Senior Geophysicist within Historic England's Geophysics Team and provides advice on the use of geophysical methods within the historic environment, including field survey and application to standing buildings. He has worked as a geophysicist for over 25 years, briefly in the commercial sector and since 1991 for English Heritage (now Historic England), co-authoring the 2008 English Heritage guidelines for Geophysical survey in Archaeological Field Evaluation. Neil works as a field geophysicist, specialising in the use of multi-channel ground penetrating radar and high sensitivity caesium magnetometer surveys, together with providing advice on a wide range of project designs and geophysical survey reports for colleagues across the whole of England. He regularly contributes to specialist training courses, and is recognised beyond Historic England as an editor of the Wiley journal of Archaeological Prospection and current chair of the Natural Environment Research Council's Geophysics and Geodesy Steering Committee.
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