Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era

  • ID: 4519467
  • Book
  • 636 Pages
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era presents insights on the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny, along with their applications and respective pros and cons. Though many advanced techniques for the identification of any unknown bacterium are available in the genomics era, a far fewer number of the total microbial species have been discovered and identified to date. The assessment of microbial taxonomy and biosystematics techniques discovered and practiced in the current genomics era with suitable recommendations is the prime focus of this book.

  • Discusses the techniques used for microbial taxonomy and phylogeny with their applications and respective pros and cons
  • Reviews the evolving field of bacterial typing and the genomic technologies that enable comparative analysis of multiple genomes and the metagenomes of complex microbial environments
  • Provides a uniform, standard methodology for species designation
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Section I: Overview of microbial diversity 1.1 Methods of assessment of microbial diversity in natural environments 1.2 Metagenomic Achievements in Microbial Diversity Determination in Croplands: A Review 1.3 Genomic diversity and evolution of rhizobia 1.4 Microbial biodiversity study of a brackish water ecosystem in eastern India: The Chilika Lake 1.5 Microbial diversity and community analysis of Sundarban mangrove, the world heritage site

Section II: Molecular tools in microbial diversity 2.1Analysing Functional Microbial Diversity: An Overview of Techniques 2.2 Genetic analysis of the bacterioplankton biology and ecology through next-generation high-throughput molecular techniques 2.3 Molecular tools in microbial diversity: Functional assessment tool of genome and metagenome by MAPLE 2.4 A polyphasic taxonomic approach for designation and description of novel microbial species 2.5 Biochemical strategies to counter nitrosative stress: Nanofactories for value-added products 2.6 Exploring microbial diversity and function in petroleum hydrocarbon associated environments through Omics approaches

Section III: Extremophilic microbial diversity 3.1 Diversity of Psychrophilic Bacteria in Sea and Glacier Ice environments
Insights through Genomics, Metagenomics and Proteomics Approaches 3.2 Microbial diversity of thermophiles through the lens of next generation sequencing 3.3 Microbial ecology in extreme acidic environments: use of molecular tools 3.4 Alkaliphiles: Diversity and bioprospection 3.5 Cyanobacteria from Brazilian extreme environments: toward functional exploitation 3.6 Comparative genomics of Halobacterium strains from diverse locations 3.7 Microbial community dynamics of extremophiles/extreme environment 3.8 Opening the black box of thermophilic autotrophic bacterial diversity

Section IV: Functional Microbial Diversity 4.1 Functional microbial diversity in context to agriculture 4.2 Functional microbial diversity in contaminated environment and application in bioremediation 4.3 Structural and functional diversity of microbial metallothionein genes 4.4 Functional diversity of bacterial strategies to cope with metal toxicity 4.5 Functional microbial diversity: Functional genomics and metagenomics using MAPLE 4.6 Linking the environmental microbial diversity and antibiotic resistance 4.7 Applications of metagenomics in microbial bioremediation of pollutants: From genomics to environmental cleanup

Section V: Microbial diversity and infectious diseases 5.1 Molecular techniques for diagnosis of bacterial plant pathogens 5.2 Molecular techniques for the study of microbial diversity with special emphasis on drug resistant microbes 5.3 Exploring human bacterial diversity towards prevention of infectious disease and health promotion 5.4 Rapid Diagnosis of Septicemia in Adults by microscopic screening of WBC cells: A Prospective Evaluation 5.5 Prevalence of Multidrug Resistance Efflux Pumps (MDREPs) in Environmental Communities 5.6 Pathogenic microbial genetic diversity with reference to significant medical and public health

Section VI: Future directions of microbial diversity studies 6.1 Understanding the structure and function of extreme microbiome through genomics: scope and challenges 6.2 The role and future possibilities of next-generation sequencing in studying microbial diversity 6.3 Taxonomical diversity of extremophiles in the deep biosphere 6.4 Molecular evolution of Xenobiotic-degrading genes and mobile DNA elements in soil bacteria

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Das, Surajit
Dr. Surajit Das is an Associate Professor in the Department of Life Science at the National Institute of Technology, India.
Dash, Hirak Ranjan
Dr. Hirak Ranjan Dash completed his Ph.D. from Department of Life Science, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India and currently working as Scientific Officer (DNA), Forensic Science Laboratory, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India. He did his M.Sc. Microbiology from Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. His research interests include molecular microbiology, microbial bioremediation, marine microbiology, microbial phylogeny, genetic manipulation of bacterial systems and microbial diversity. He has developed a number of microbial techniques for assessment of mercury pollution in marine environments. Discovery of a novel approach of mercury resistance i.e. intracellular biosorption in marine bacteria has been reported by him. He has successfully constructed a transgenic marine bacterium for enhanced utilization in mercury removal by simultaneous mercury volatilization and sequestration. He has also worked in the field of genotyping and antibiotic resistance mechanism of pathogenic Vibrio and Staphylococcus spp. He has written 1 book and published 18 research papers, 7 book chapters and 10 conference proceedings in his credit.
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