China is the world’s largest producer of electrolytic aluminum, making up over half of the global output. Its production has kept growing in recent years. In 2017, the production volume of electrolytic aluminum reached 32.27 million tons, with the CAGR of 10.1% from 2007 to 2017. During the same period, the output of electrolytic aluminum declined in other regions of the world. The terminal consumption of electrolytic aluminum in China is mainly concentrated in three areas: real estate, electronic power and transportation. Other important sectors in the downstream include machinery manufacturing and packaging materials.
As the Chinese government imposes a 15% tariff on the export of electrolytic aluminum, the export volume is in a small quantity. However, that of aluminum products is large. In 2017, the export volume of aluminum products reached 4.24 million tons. Considering that some export enterprises may misreport product types, the actual number may be even larger. The exported aluminum products of China are faced with a great number of international trade disputes. The U.S, Canada, Australia have all initiated anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigations on China-made aluminum products. On Mar. 8, 2018, U.S. president Donald J. Trump signed a joint statement on steel and aluminum at the White House, announcing that since Mar. 23, a 25% tariff would be imposed on imported steel and a 10% tariff on imported aluminum products. In 2017, the export value of aluminum and its products to the U.S. was about USD 3.7 billion, accounting for nearly 30% of the total exports. Accordingly, this move of the U.S. is expected to have a detrimental effect on China's exports of aluminum products in 2018.
The report shows that the production costs of electrolytic aluminum mainly include raw materials, energy and manpower. The most important two are aluminum oxide and electricity, which account for 60 to 70% of the aggregate costs. China holds less than 5% of bauxite reserves in the world, while its production capacity of electrolytic aluminum reaches more than 50% of the globe. Therefore, China needs to import a large amount of bauxite each year. In 2017, it imported 68.55 million tons, with an increase of 32.6% YOY. China's largest exporter was Guinea in the year when it imported a total of 27.63 million tons of bauxite. The fluctuation of bauxite prices will seriously affect the production cost of electrolytic aluminum. Another cost source is electricity, taking up more than 30% of the total to produce electrolytic aluminum. In order to reduce costs, many electrolytic aluminum companies have built their own power plants, mainly fueled by coal. Consequently, environmental pollution follows.
By the beginning of May 2018, the annual production capacity of electrolytic aluminum in China was approximately 47 million tons. In 2017, in order to control the new capacity, China Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Land and Resources and the Ministry of Environmental Protection jointly launched a special campaign to rectify illegal activities in the electrolytic aluminum industry. All new illegal production capacity was shut down and the blind expansion was curbed, to reduce the risk of serious overcapacity. On Jan. 18, 2018, MIIT issued Notice on Capacity Displacement of Electrolytic Aluminum Enterprises through Merger, Acquisition and Reorganization, in which it set specific requirements in this regard. Subsequently, MIIT released an interpretation document for the Notice, which explains in detail the displacement of electrolytic aluminum and also states that it should be completed by the end of 2018.
The report concludes that the industrial concentration is high in China. Electrolytic aluminum enterprises that possess annual capacity of over 1 million tons include Aluminum Corporation of China Limited, China Hongqiao Group, Xinfa Group Co., Ltd. , SPIC Aluminum & Power Investment Co., Ltd. , Xinjiang East Hope Non-ferrous Metal Co., Ltd. , Xinjiang East Hope Non-ferrous Metal Co., Ltd. , Gansu Dongxing Aluminum Co., Ltd. , Henan Shenhuo Group Co., Ltd. , Hunan Zengshi Aluminum Group, Yunnan Aluminum Limited Liability Company, Hangzhou Jinjiang Group Co., Ltd. and Sichuan Qiya Aluminum Group. By the end of 2017, the aggregate capacity of above enterprises accounted for over 70% in the country.
The report estimates that from 2018 to 2022, the development of the electrolytic aluminum industry will be enhanced considering that China's economy will maintain an annual growth rate of above 6% and that the urbanization will keep rising. Besides, the constant development of the real estate and the steady growth of electric power, transportation, packaging, electronics and daily consumer goods will also give a boost to the electrolytic aluminum industry.
- Policies of Chinese Government on Electrolytic Aluminum Industry
- Analysis on Supply and Demand of Electrolytic Aluminum in China
- Imported Bauxite
- Price Trend of Electrolytic Aluminum
- Analysis on Competition of Electrolytic Aluminum Industry in China
- Analysis on Electrolytic Aluminum Manufacturers in China
- Export of China's Aluminum Products
- Anti-dumping Investigation into China's Exported Aluminum Products
- Market Opportunities and Driving Forces of China Electrolytic Aluminum Industry, 2018-2022
- Threats and Challenges of China Electrolytic Aluminum Industry, 2018-2022
- Analysis on Supply and Demand of China Electrolytic Aluminum Industry, 2018-2022
1 Concepts Related to Electrolytic Aluminum Industry
1.1 Definition of Electrolytic Aluminum
1.2.1 Parameters and Assumptions
1.2.2 Data Sources
2 Analysis on Electrolytic Aluminum Industry of China, 2016-2018
2.1 Development Environment of Electrolytic Aluminum Industry
2.1.1 Economic Environment
2.1.2 Policy Environment
2.2 Analysis on Supply of Electrolytic Aluminum
2.2.1 Analysis on Capacity
2.2.2 Analysis on Production Volume
2.3 Analysis on Market Demands for Electrolytic Aluminum
2.3.1 Downstream Analysis
2.3.2 Analysis on Demands
2.4 Analysis on Bauxite Imports of China, 2013-2017
2.4.1 Overview of Bauxite Imports
2.4.2 Import Sources
2.5 Analysis on Bauxite Exports of China, 2013-2017
2.5.1 Overview of Bauxite Exports
2.5.2 Export Destinations
3 Competition in Electrolytic Aluminum Industry of China, 2016-2018
3.1 Barriers to Entry
3.1.1 Policy Barriers
3.1.2 Capital Barriers
3.1.3 Barriers of Scale Economy
3.2 Competition Structure of Electrolytic Aluminum Industry
3.2.1 Bargaining Power of Raw Material Suppliers
3.2.2 Bargaining Power of Consumers
3.2.3 Internal Competition
3.2.4 Potential Entrants
4 Analysis on Electrolytic Aluminum Manufacturers in China, 2015-2018
4.1 Aluminum Corporation of China Limited (CHINALCO)
4.1.1 Enterprise Profile
4.1.2 Operation Status
4.2 China Hongqiao Group
4.3 Xinfa Group Co., Ltd.
4.4 SPIC Aluminum & Power Investment Co., Ltd.
4.5 Xinjiang East Hope Non-ferrous Metal Co., Ltd.
4.6 Gansu Dongxing Aluminum Co., Ltd.
4.7 Henan Shenhuo Group Co., Ltd.
4.8 Hunan Zengshi Aluminum Group
4.9 Yunnan Aluminum Limited Liability Company (YNLY)
4.10 Hangzhou Jinjiang Group Co., Ltd.
4.11 Sichuan Qiya Aluminum Group
5 Analysis on Costs and Prices in Electrolytic Aluminum Industry of China, 2015-2018
5.1 Analysis on Costs
5.1.1 Price Trend of Raw Materials
5.1.2 Price Trend of Electricity
5.2 Analysis on Prices of Electrolytic Aluminum
6 Forecast on Development of Electrolytic Aluminum Industry of China, 2018-2022
6.1 Factors Influencing Development of Electrolytic Aluminum Industry, 2018-2022
6.1.1 Driving Forces and Market Opportunities, 2018-2022
6.1.2 Threats and Challenges
6.2 Forecast on Supply of Electrolytic Aluminum Industry, 2018-2022
6.2.1 Forecast on Capacity and Output Volume, 2018-2022
6.2.2 Forecast on Product Structure
6.3 Prediction on Demands in Electrolytic Aluminum Industry
List of Charts
Chart GDP of China, 2013-2017
Chart Major Policies on Electrolytic Aluminum Industry of China
Chart Output Volume of Electrolytic Aluminum in China, 2007-2017
Chart New Capacity of Electrolytic Aluminum in China, 2011-2016
Chart Import Volume of Bauxite to China, 2013-2017
Chart Import Sources of Bauxite to China, 2017
Chart Export Volume of China's Bauxite, 2013-2017
Chart Apparent Consumption of Electrolytic Aluminum in China, 2013-2017
Chart Output Volume of Aluminum Materials in China, 2013-2017
Chart Floor Space Completed in China, 2013-2017
Chart Income from Electrolytic Aluminum of Chinese Aluminum Corporation Limited, 2013-2017
Chart Prices of Alumina Oxide in Chinese Market, 2015-2018
Chart Prices of Electrolytic Aluminum in China, 2015-2018
Chart Forecast on Output Volume of Electrolytic Aluminum in China, 2018-2022
Chart Forecast on Apparent Consumption of Electrolytic Aluminum in China, 2018-2022
- Aluminum Corporation of China Limited (CHINALCO)
- China Hongqiao Group
- Xinfa Group Co., Ltd.
- SPIC Aluminum & Power Investment Co., Ltd.
- Xinjiang East Hope Non-ferrous Metal Co., Ltd.
- Gansu Dongxing Aluminum Co., Ltd.
- Henan Shenhuo Group Co., Ltd.
- Hunan Zengshi Aluminum Group
- Yunnan Aluminum Limited Liability Company (YNLY)
- Hangzhou Jinjiang Group Co., Ltd.
- Sichuan Qiya Aluminum Group