While the ideal end-of-life route for plastic materials is in recycling, this is not always possible, due to contamination, difficulty in separating different plastic types, and other factors. Conversion of plastics and polymers to energy is an alternative route that represents an alternative for disposing of non-recyclable plastics in landfill. This book covers the main processes and pathways of conversion of polymeric materials to energy, fuel and chemicals.
A particular focus is placed on industrial case studies, and academic reviews of the latest research and development in this area. The book has a practical emphasis to enable plastics practitioners involved in end-of-life aspects to employ these processes. The book will also examine life cycle and cost analysis of different plastic waste management processes, exploring the potential of various techniques in modelling, optimization, and simulation of waste management options.
The book covers the important trends in the science and technology of polymer recovery, such as themo-chemical treatment of plastics, the impact of environmental degradation on mechanical recycling, incineration and thermal unit design, and the new options in biodegradable plastics. The book also introduces product development opportunities from waste materials.
- Introduces new pathways for end-of-life treatment of plastics and polymers, including conversion to energy, fuel and other chemicals
- Compares different options to assist materials scientists, engineers, and waste management practitioners to choose the most effective, sustainable option
- Covers the latest trends in the science and technology of polymer energy recovery
1. The Sustainability Challenge and Polymers Degradation 2. Sustainable Production of Polymeric Articles 3. Catalytic Conversing and Chemical Recovery 4. Fluid Properties Associated with Catalytic Conversion in Plastic Reclamation 5. Design Limitations in Polymer Cracking Fluidised Beds 6. Kinetic Studies Related to Polymer Degradation and Stability 7. Foreground Emissions Associated with Environment Waste Concerns 8. Gasification of Plastic Solid Waste and Competitive Technologies 9. The Valorisation of Plastic via Thermal Means: Industrial Scale Combustion Methods 10. From Waste to Resources: How to Integrate Recycling into the Production Cycle of Plastics 11. Bio-Plastics: Is It The Way In Future Developments For End Users? 12. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in Municipal Waste Decision Making
Dr. Sultan Al-Salem is an Associate Research Scientist at the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, working on a number of projects in the areas of polymer mechanical recycling via waste/virgin blends weathering and evaluation, polymers degradation kinetics in pilot plant reactors, membrane technology in the petroleum industry, indoor/outdoor air quality assessment and CO2 source determination and capture in various industries.
He has worked on a number of R&D projects in the oil & gas sector, as well as the environmental and techno-economic side of chemical engineering. He focuses on applied research in in depolymerization kinetics, thermal engineering, polymer characterization, process & reactors design, separation technologies, weathering and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).