In this fully revised second edition of his acclaimed text, Samer Abboud provides an in–depth analysis of Syria s descent into civil war, the subsequent stalemate, and the consequences of Russian military involvement after 2015. He unravels the complex and multi–layered drivers of the conflict and demonstrates how rebel fragmentation, sustained regime violence, international actors, and the emergence of competing centers of power tore Syria apart in wholly irreversible ways. A resolution to the Syrian catastrophe seems to have emerged in the aftermath of Russia s intervention, but, as Abboud argues, this authoritarian peace contains the seeds of continued and future conflict in Syria. While the Assad regime has so far survived, the instability, violence, and insecurity that continue to shape everyday life for the Syrian people portend an uncertain future that will have repercussions on the wider Middle East for years to come.
Chapter One: The Rise and Fall of the Ba′ath Party
Chapter Two: The Syrian Uprising
Chapter Three: Continued violence and the emergence of armed opposition
Chapter Four: Before AleppoÉStalemate and Fragmentation
Chapter Five: After AleppoÉBreaking the Stalemate
Conclusion: The Coming Authoritarian Peace