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Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics. Developments in Structural Geology and Tectonics Volume 5

  • Book

  • March 2019
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
  • ID: 4622022

Problems and Solutions in Structural Geology and Tectonics, Volume 5, in the series Developments in Structural Geology and Tectonics, presents students, researchers and practitioners with an all-new set of problems and solutions that structural geologists and tectonics researchers commonly face. Topics covered include ductile deformation (such as strain analyses), brittle deformation (such as rock fracturing), brittle-ductile deformation, collisional and shortening tectonics, thrust-related exercises, rift and extensional tectonics, strike slip tectonics, and cross-section balancing exercises. The book provides a how-to guide for students of structural geology and geologists working in the oil, gas and mining industries.

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Table of Contents

Integrating Observation and Interpretation to Understand Tectonics, Past and Present 1. Cross-section construction and balancing: examples from the Spanish Pyrenees 2. Techniques for describing the structural geology of cratonic fault and fold zones 3. Using geodesy data in structural geology 4. What do earthquake magnitudes mean? Example of the Kaikoura, New Zealand, 2016 event

Relating Observed Deformation to Stress and/or Strain History 5. Fluid pressure effects on deformation Analysis of the Lusi Mud Volcano 6. Using Length/Throw ratio to assess the fitness of a fault framework interpretation 7. Pure Shear Kinematics 8. Strain Analysis 9. Unfolding veined fold limbs to deduce a basin's prefolding state of stress

Observations and Interpretations in Fieldwork and Hand Specimens 10. Recognition of structures in mid-crustal shear zones and how to discern between them 11. Early or late structures in thermogene travertines? Open-air lessons across Rome to focus on and answer this question 12. Characterizing Specimens from the Mid-Atlantic Appalachians in a Wilson Cycle Framework 13. Integrating Structural and Stratigraphic Field Data to Build a Tectonic Model for the Mid-Atlantic Appalachian Orogenic Cycle

Adding Modern Methods to Field Geology 14. From GoogleEarth to 3-D Geology Problem 1: Understanding structures and generating geological maps using GoogleEarth 15. From GoogleEarth to 3-D Geology Problem 2: Seeing below the surface of the Digital Earth 16. Structural interpretation of remote sensing images

Geophysical and Structural Techniques in Petroleum Geoscience and Borehole Projects 17. Understanding reservoir compartmentalization using Shale Gouge Ratio 18. How fault displacement patterns can be applied to investigate trap integrity 19. A numerical study of epithermal neutron log and application of image log

Novel Integration of Mathematical Methods, Computer Science, and Structural Geology 20. Boolean logic in Fluid Flow 21. Using Graph Theory to represent Fracture Networks 22. Synthesis of folds in 3D with Bezier surface