The factors, such as the presence of many landlocked countries and the developed economies, increasing trade activity, urbanization and rising disposable income, and liberalization of cabotage are expected to drive the growth of CBRT. Apart from these, the government plans to establish a single European market with smooth and border less movement of goods across the countries by deconstructing the barriers, the China’s belt and road initiative (BRI) connecting the east and the west, are also expected to fuel the growth of the cross-border road freight movement in Europe.
However, there exists many barriers for the cross-border road transport in the European countries. The divergence in the regulations and standards and lack of sufficient cross-border oriented cooperation between countries are the obstacles to free flow of goods through cross-border road transportation. Apart from these, congestion and the emissions of CO2 remain as the main concerns for preferring road transport.
Central and Eastern European Countries - Poised to Witness High Growth
The Central and Eastern European countries are expected to witness high growth owing to the factors, such as the increasing manufacturing activity, the BRI, and the growing e-commerce in the region. The Eastern European countries connect the Asia and Europe and supports the trade between the regions. Moreover, the BRI is expected to further boost the trade through this region, which is leading to increase in the rail lines from China to Europe. In this regard, the cross-border road transport is important in supporting the trade growth in the region.
Moreover, the cross-border e-commerce is growing rapidly in the region, which is leading to growth in the cross-border parcel logistics. For instance, Macedonia have more than 80% of e-sales as cross-border purchases in 2017. Additionally, the hauliers from the central and eastern European countries are prominent in cross-border trade in the western European countries, such as the Netherlands.
Cabotage - Vital in Cross-Border Trade
As of 2016, Cabotage accounts for 2.08% of the total road freight transport (in terms of million metric ton per km). Cabotage refers to providing transport services in a country by a vehicle registered in foreign country. Cabotage plays important role in boosting the international trade. The liberalization of cabotage rules will reduce the empty running and enables the full utilization of the vehicle. In 2016, the EU registered an increase of cabotage by 20.8% (in terms of million metric ton per km) when compared to 2015.In May, 2017, European commission proposed new rules to simplify cabotage as a part of its ‘Mobility Package’ - ‘Europe on the Move’ that also includes proposals on posting and rest times of drivers.
According to the new proposals, unlimited operations were allowed in the neighboring countries within the five days of delivery, which used to be three operations within the seven days of delivery. However, there is lack of clarity on the proposal as some countries disagree with the proposals saying that the proposals of ‘Mobility Package’ will lead to social dumping and effect the working conditions of the driver. In July, 2018, the reports of the Mobility Package were sent back to the committee for consideration when full house of the European Parliament rejected the amendments during voting.
Transport 2050 Policy - Effect on Cross-border Road Transport in Europe
The European commission has adopted ambitious plans, in order to decrease the emissions (60% of CO2 emissions reduction in transport by 2050) and to increase the mobility. In this regard, the government aims at reducing 30% of the freight transported through road over 300 km by 2030 and more than 50% by 2050 by shifting to other modes, such as rail or maritime through the development of transport corridors. This reduction, when translated equals to reduction in share of road freight in the total freight transport over 300 km, 4% by 2030 and 9% by 2050 when compared to that of 2005. As of 2016, according to Eurostat, 72% of the freight transport activity takes place on distances over 300 km.
Technology - Makes It Better
The difference in rules of size and weight of trucks vary from country to country, which leads to increase in the wait times and costs. The harmonization of the regulations for a pan-European based market can boost the growth of cross-border trucking further. The use of electronics and automated systems for tracking data, online and filing of the permit requests 24/7 can help in increasing the efficiency. Moreover, the innovations in transport technology and electric vehicles, alternative fuels help in reducing the congestion and emissions from trucks.
Key Developments in the Europe Cross-Border Road Transport Market
Jul 2018: An agreement was signed between Poland and Slovakia to develop cross-border bridge, which includes linking of Poland’s new S19 expressway with Slovakia’s new and planned R4. The agreement was signed as an effort to create a Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) named Via Carpathia. Via Carpathia runs from the Lithuania to Greece through Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary. This boosts the businesses in the region.
Jun 2018: Poland and Belarus signed an agreement to develop cross-border transport infrastructure between the countries, which includes maintenance of bridges at the borders and check points.
Key Players in the Europe Cross-Border Road Transport Market
Some of the major players, include DHL, DB Scehnker, Kuehne + Nagel, Ceva Logistics, DSV, Nippon Express, Yusen Logistics, P&O Ferrymasters, Hitachi Transport System, XPO Logistics, and DPD Group/Geopost among others.
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1.1 Scope of the Market
1.2 Market Definition
1.3 Executive Summary
2. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
2.1 Study Deliverables
2.2 Study Assumptions
2.3 Analysis Methodology
2.4 Research Phases
3. MARKET INSIGHTS
3.1 Current Market Scenario
3.2 Technological Trends
3.3 Government Regulations and Initiatives
3.4 Insights on Key Transport Corridors
3.5 Insights on the Effects of Brexit
3.6 Insights on Driver Costs, Rest Periods and their Working Hours
3.7 Insights on Cabotage
3.8 Insights on different types of goods flow between key countries
4. MARKET DYNAMICS - (DRIVERS, RESTRAINTS, OPPORTUNITIES)
4.1 Presence of Developed Economies and Landlocked Countries
4.2 Various Initiatives by Government in Improving Transport Infrastructure and Reducing Barriers as a Part of Establishing Single European Market
4.3 Congestion and Emissions leading to modal shift
4.4 Growing Manufacturing, Cross-border E-commerce in Central and Eastern European countries presents an Opportunity
5. EUROPE CROSS-BORDER ROAD TRANSPORTATION SEGMENTATION (MARKET SIZE, GROWTH, AND FORECAST)
5.1 By Service
5.1.1 Cross-border Freight Transport
5.1.2 Cross-border Transportation Management/Freight Forwarding
5.1.3 Cross-border Warehousing and Logistics
5.1.4 Cross-border Courier, Express, and Parcel Delivery
6. INSIGHTS ON THE CROSS-BORDER ROAD TRANSPORT OF KEY COUNTRIES
6.6 United Kingdom
6.11 Other Key Countries
7. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE
7.1 Mergers and Acquisitions, Joint Ventures, Collaborations, and Agreements
7.2 Market Concentration Overview
7.3 Strategies Adopted by Major Players
8. COMPANY PROFILES (OVERVIEW, FINANCIALS**, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES, RECENT DEVELOPMENTS, AND ANALYST VIEW)
8.2 DB Schenker
8.3 Kuehne + Nagel
8.4 Ceva Logistics
8.6 Nippon Express
8.7 Yusen Logistics
8.8 P&O Ferrymasters
8.9 Hitachi Transport System
8.10 XPO Logistics
8.11 DPD Group/Geopost
8.12 United Parcel Servie (UPS)
8.13 General Logistics Systems (GLS)
8.15 Agility Logistics
*List not Exhaustive
9. OTHER COMPANIES COVERED IN THE REPORT INCLUDE
9.1 CEVA Logistics, Rhenus SE & Co. KG (Rhenus Logistics), Posten Norge, Samskip Multimodal B.V., Van Duuren Districenters B.V., MOL Logistics Co., Ltd., Ewals Cargo Care, Anders Nielsen & Co/ANCOTRANS, FIJAVŽ D.O.O.*
*List not Exhaustive
**Subject to availability on public domain
- DB Schenker
- Kuehne + Nagel
- Ceva Logistics
- Nippon Express
- Yusen Logistics
- P&O Ferrymasters
- Hitachi Transport System
- XPO Logistics
- DPD Group/Geopost
- United Parcel Servie (UPS)
- General Logistics Systems (GLS)
- Agility Logistics
- Kerry Logistics