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Cavitation in Non-Newtonian Fluids with Biomedical Applications

  • ID: 4700308
  • Book
  • Elsevier Science and Technology
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A comprehensive review of cavitation and bubble dynamics for engineers concerned with fluid mechanics, physics, chemical engineering and biomedical engineering.

This book covers the latest techniques and technologies for understanding cavitation and bubble dynamics in non-Newtonian fluids, and reviews the theory of the subject. It demonstrates how the effects of non-Newtonian properties on bubble dynamics and cavitation are fundamentally different from those of Newtonian fluids, including the dramatic increase in viscosity of polymer solutions in an extensional flow, such as that generated about a spherical bubble during its growth or collapse phase.

- Covers the role of elongational viscosity on the behaviour of cavitation bubbles in non-Newtonian liquids
- Illustrates shock wave propagation from collapsing bubbles near a rigid boundary (high-speed photography with 200 million frames/s) and behaviour of cavitation bubbles near and inside tissue phantoms
- Details mechanisms of cavitation erosion in non-Newtonian liquids

The information contained in this book will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in mechanical, chemical and biomedical engineering, as well as to engineers seeking to understand the diverse physics of these systems and the variety of physical phenomena that manifest themselves on the micrometer and microsecond scales.
  • A key topic in the development of modern ultrasound and laser-assisted surgical procedures
  • Covers the role of elongational viscosity on the behaviour of cavitation bubbles in non-Newtonian liquids
  • Illustrates shock wave propagation from collapsing bubbles near a rigid boundary (high-speed photography with 200 million frames/s) and behaviour of cavitation bubbles near and inside tissue phantoms
  • Details mechanisms of cavitation erosion in non-Newtonian liquids
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1. Non-Newtonian Fluids
2. Nucleation
3. Bubble Dynamics
4. Hydrodynamic Cavitation
5. Cavitation Erosion
6. Cardiovascular Cavitation
7. Cavitation in other Surgical Applications
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Brujan, Emil-Alexandru
Emil-Alexandru Brujan was born in Bucharest, Romania, on April 17, 1964. He studied mechanical engineering at the University Politenhica Bucharest, Romania and at the University Politehnica Timisoara, Romania where he received a PhD degree in fluid mechanics in 1997.

He is currently an associate professor at the Department of Hydraulics, University Politehnica Bucharest. His research interests include cavitation, biological effects of shock waves and cavitation, non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, and sonoluminescence.

Dr. Brujan is a member of European Mechanics Society, Gesellschaft für Angewandte Mathematik und Mechanik, and SigmaXi.
Williams, P. Rhodri
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