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Research Report on Coal Import in China, 2019-2023

  • ID: 4744795
  • Report
  • January 2019
  • Region: China
  • 50 pages
  • China Research & Intelligence
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The Import Volume of Coal in China Will Continue to Grow from 2019 to 2023 but Growth Rate May be Limited

China is the largest coal producer and consumer. The huge coal consumption in China encourages foreign coal producers to expand their production capacity. In addition, overseas coal mines are mostly opencast ones, which makes it easy to increase production. However, coal production in China is restricted by environmental protection policies and other factors. In recent years, some small and medium-sized coal mines had to cut or even stop production because their environmental protection facilities failed to meet standards. Meanwhile, the rising mining costs have made the coal prices in China higher than the international coal prices. For example, in 2017, the average price of imported steam coal was only 429 CNY/ton, about 12% lower than that of domestic steam coal.

According to this analysis, the logistics costs for imported coal are very low because imported coal mostly enters China by sea. While the logistics costs for domestic coal are far higher because the prices of refined oil are more expensive in China than in other parts of the world, and the expressway tolls are excessively high. Therefore, China imports a large quantity of coal every year. In 2017, the import volume of coal in China was about 270.9 million tons, up by 6% from 2016.

Coal imports are classified into anthracite, coking coal, other coal, other bituminous coal and lignite. The first three types of coal are used for thermal power generation and collectively called steam coal in China. China's coal imports are dominated by steam coal that has a low average price. For example, in 2017, steam coal imports reached about 188.14 million tons, accounting for about 69.4% of China's coal imports. As the major sources of China’s coal imports, in 2017, Indonesia, Australia, Mongolia and Russia exported 251 million tons of coal in total to China, contributing about 93% to the import volume of coal in China. Indonesia, the largest source of China's coal imports, exported about 109 million tons of coal to China in 2017, accounting for 40.2% of the import volume of coal in China.

According to the researcher, coal import can bring the following benefits to China: (1) Appropriate amount of coal imports can suppress the price fluctuations and speculation on China's coal market so that the downstream industries can maintain stable production and operation; and (2) the import of high-quality coking coal that China lacks can promote the development of China's coke and metal smelting industries.

However, the Chinese government issues policies to restrict coal import from time to time, worrying that a large number of coal imports will harm the interests of the domestic coal mining industry. For example, from July 1, 2017, according to the Interim Measures for Administration of Quality of Commercial Coal, the ports administered by province-level governments stopped approving coal import. On January 9, 2018, the National Energy Administration held talks with major power enterprises on assessing power plants' use of imported coal and the supply of coal for power generation. At the beginning of April 2018, the Customs of China's major coal importing provinces such as Fujian, Guangdong and Zhejiang began to restrict coal import.

It is expected that the import volume of coal in China will continue to grow from 2019 to 2023 but the growth rate may be limited. On one hand, imported coal can stabilize the coal prices in China and improve the operation of the major downstream industries of coal. On the other hand, a large number of coal imports will certainly impact China's coal mining industry. Therefore, the Chinese government will issue policies to regulate and rationalize coal imports.

Topics Covered:

  • China's major policies on coal import
  • Coal import in China
  • Comparison of prices of domestic and imported coal in China
  • Major sources of China's coal imports
  • Major factors influencing coal import in China
  • Forecast on coal import in China from 2019 to 2023
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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1 Overview of China's Coal Industry
1.1 Definition of Coal
1.2 Classification of Coal
1.3 Industry Chain of Coal

2 Analysis of Environment of Coal Import in China, 2019-2023
2.1 Economic Environment
2.1.1 China's GDP and Disposable Income Per Capita
2.1.2 China's Industrial Value Added
2.2 Policy Environment
2.2.1 China's Regulatory Policies on Coal Industry
2.2.2 China's Policies on Coal Import
2.3 Technological Environment

3 Analysis of Coal Supply in China
3.1 China's Coal Reserves
3.2 Production Capacity of China’s Coal Mines
3.3 Production Volume of Coal in China

4 Analysis of Coal Demand in China
4.1 Major Downstream Consumers of Coal in China
4.1.1 Thermal Power Generation
4.1.2 Iron and Steel Smelting
4.1.3 Building Materials Industry
4.1.4 Chemical Raw Materials and Chemical Products Industry
4.2 Consumption Volume of Coal in China
4.3 Market Size of Coal in China

5 Analysis of Coal Import in China
5.1 Scale of Coal Import in China
5.1.1 Import Volume of Coal in China
5.1.2 Import Value of Coal in China
5.2 Average Import Prices of Coal in China
5.3 China's Reliance on Coal Imports

6 Analysis of Coal Imports by Type in China
6.1 Steam Coal Import in China
6.1.1 Import Volume of Steam Coal in China
6.1.2 Import Value of Steam Coal in China
6.1.3 Average Import Prices of Steam Coal in China
6.1.4 Comparison of Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Steam Coal in China
6.1.5 Sources of China's Steam Coal Imports
6.2 Coking Coal Import in China
6.2.1 Import Volume of Coking Coal in China
6.2.2 Import Value of Coking Coal in China
6.2.3 Average Import Prices of Coking Coal in China
6.2.4 Comparison of Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Coking Coal in China
6.2.5 Sources of China's Coking Coal Imports
6.3 Anthracite Import in China
6.3.1 Import Volume of Anthracite in China
6.3.2 Import Value of Anthracite in China
6.3.3 Average Import Prices of Anthracite in China
6.3.4 Comparison of Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Anthracite in China
6.3.5 Sources of China's Anthracite Imports

7 Analysis of Major Sources of China's Coal Imports
7.1 China's Coal Imports from Indonesia
7.1.1 Volume of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia
7.1.2 Value of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia
7.1.3 Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia
7.1.4 China's Coal Imports from Indonesia by Type
7.2 China's Coal Imports from Australia
7.2.1 Volume of China's Coal Imports from Australia
7.2.2 Value of China's Coal Imports from Australia
7.2.3 Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Australia
7.2.4 China's Coal Imports from Australia by Type
7.3 China's Coal Imports from Mongolia
7.3.1 Volume of China's Coal Imports from Mongolia
7.3.2 Value of China's Coal Imports from Mongolia
7.3.3 Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Mongolia
7.4 China's Coal Imports from Russia
7.4.1 Volume of China's Coal Imports from Russia
7.4.2 Value of China's Coal Imports from Russia
7.4.3 Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Russia

8 Major Coal Importers in China
8.1 Major Steam Coal Importers in China
8.2 Major Coking Coal Importers in China

9 Prospect of Coal Import in China, 2019-2023
9.1 Major Factors Influencing Coal Import in China
9.1.1 Favorable Factors
9.1.2 Unfavorable Factors
9.2 Forecast on Import Volume of Coal in China
9.3 Forecast on Types and Major Sources of China's Coal Imports

Selected Charts
Chart Classification of Coal in China
Chart China's Regulatory Policies on Coal Industry
Chart China's Import Tariffs on Coal
Chart Reserve Bases of Coal in China, 2012-2018
Chart Production Volume of Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Apparent Consumption of Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Import Volume of Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Import Value of Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Average Import Prices of Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart China's Reliance on Coal Imports, 2013-2017
Chart Composition of China's Coal Imports in 2017
Chart Import Volume of Steam Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Import Value of Steam Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Average Import Prices of Steam Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Steam Coal, 2013-2017
Chart Import Volume of Coking Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Average Import Prices of Coking Coal in China, 2013-2017
Chart Average Prices of Domestic and Imported Coking Coal, 2013-2017
Chart Major Sources of China's Coking Coal Imports in 2017
Chart Major Sources of China's Coal Imports in 2017
Chart Value of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia, 2013-2017
Chart Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Indonesia, 2013-2017
Chart Volume of China's Coal Imports from Australia, 2013-2017
Chart Average Prices of China's Coal Imports from Australia, 2013-2017
Chart Volume of China's Coal Imports from Mongolia, 2013-2017
Chart Volume of China's Coal Imports from Russia, 2013-2017
Chart Top 10 Steam Coal Importers in China in 2017
Chart Top 10 Coking Coal Importers in China in 2017
Chart Forecast on Import Volume of Coal in China, 2019-2023

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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Background research defines the range of products and industries, which proposes the key points of the research. Proper classification will help clients understand the industry and products in the report.

Secondhand material research is a necessary way to push the project into fast progress. The analyst always chooses the data source carefully. Most secondhand data they quote is sourced from an authority in a specific industry or public data source from governments, industrial associations, etc. For some new or niche fields, they also "double-check" data sources and logics before they show them to clients.

Primary research is the key to solve questions, which largely influence the research outputs. The analyst may use methods like mathematics, logical reasoning, scenario thinking, to confirm key data and make the data credible.

The data model is an important analysis method. Calculating through data models with different factors weights can guarantee the outputs objective.

The analyst optimizes the following methods and steps in executing research projects and also forms many special information gathering and processing methods.

1. Analyze the life cycle of the industry to understand the development phase and space.
2. Grasp the key indexes evaluating the market to position clients in the market and formulate development plans
3. Economic, political, social and cultural factors
4. Competitors like a mirror that reflects the overall market and also market differences.
5. Inside and outside the industry, upstream and downstream of the industry chain, show inner competitions
6. Proper estimation of the future is good guidance for strategic planning.


 

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