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Hydrogen as a Chemical Constituent and as an Energy Source

  • ID: 4745503
  • Report
  • January 2019
  • Region: Global, China, United States, Canada, Europe, Mexico
  • 148 Pages
  • BCC Research
1 of 5

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Accentus Plc
  • Bloom Energy Corp.
  • Flint Hills Resources
  • Innovatek Inc.
  • Motiva Enterprises Llc
  • Sinopec Maoming Co.
  • MORE

Report Scope:

This research report focuses on key hydrogen technologies and applications. It provides data on the size and growth of both captive and merchant hydrogen markets, company profiles, patent trends, and industry trends. Cutting-edge developments, research priorities and potential business opportunities are a key focus.

The report focuses on the following:

  • The structure of the hydrogen industry, its driving forces, its competitive aspects, market segmentation, distribution channels, pricing, and technology.
  • Analysis of global market trends, with data for 2017, estimates for 2018 and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2023.
  • Assessment of hydrogen demand, with five-year forecasts.
  • Reviews of global environmental and energy regulations.
  • Company profiles.
  • Patent activity.

The Report includes:

  • 40 tables
  • An overview of the global market for hydrogen as a chemical constituent and as an energy source
  • Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2017, 2018, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2023.
  • A detailed description of cutting-edge developments in areas such as nanotechnology, biological processing, and others
  • Identification of key hydrogen technologies and applications that yield potential business opportunities in the hydrogen industry
  • Review of global environmental and energy regulations
  • Company profiles of the major players of the industry, including Accentus Plc, Advanced Materials Corp., Bloom Energy Corp., Exxonmobil, General Hydrogen, Hydrogenics Corp., Shell Oil, Toshiba Corp., Toyota Motors, Valero Energy Corp., United Hydrogen Group and Ztek Corp.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 5

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Accentus Plc
  • Bloom Energy Corp.
  • Flint Hills Resources
  • Innovatek Inc.
  • Motiva Enterprises Llc
  • Sinopec Maoming Co.
  • MORE

Chapter 1 Introduction

  • Study Goals and Objectives
  • Reasons for Doing This Study
  • Scope of Report
  • Information Sources
  • Methodology
  • Geographic Breakdown
  • Analyst's Credentials
  • Custom Research
  • Related Reports

Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights

Chapter 3 Market and Technology Background

  • Overview
  • History
  • Production
  • Natural Gas and Hydrogen
  • Environmental Benefits of Hydrogen
  • Government Support
  • U.S.
  • European Union
  • Japan
  • China
  • India
  • Other Countries
  • Intergovernmental Programs

Chapter 4 Current Status of the Industry

  • Safety Profile, Codes, and Standards
  • Economics
  • Plant Capital Costs
  • Role in Oil Refinery Costs
  • Industry Structure

Chapter 5 Hydrogen Production Processes

  • Principal Technologies
  • Thermal Processes
  • Electrolytic Processes
  • Photolytic Processes
  • Other Types of Process
  • Catalysts

Chapter 6 Hydrogen Delivery Modes

  • Overview
  • Pipelines
  • Economics of Pipeline Transport
  • New Materials
  • Mixed Hydrogen/Natural Gas Pipelines
  • Other Technical Issues
  • Tank Trucks, Railcars and Barges
  • Tube Trailers
  • Onsite Production

Chapter 7 Hydrogen and the Global Syngas Business

  • Overview
  • Syngas Production Methods
  • World Syngas Capacity
  • Industry Changes
  • Regional Distribution
  • Feedstock Distribution
  • Product Distribution

Chapter 8 Global Hydrogen Markets

  • Global Production of Hydrogen
  • Merchant Hydrogen Production
  • United States Market
  • Principal Foreign Markets

Chapter 9 Hydrogen in Petroleum Processing

  • Overview
  • Refinery Demand
  • Alternatives to Hydrogen in Desulfurization
  • Ultrasonically Assisted Desulfurization
  • Market Demand
  • Tar Sands Market

Chapter 10 Other Hydrogen Energy Applications

  • Direct Combustion of Hydrogen
  • Internal Combustion Engines
  • Turbines
  • Applications
  • Fuel Cells
  • Main Technologies
  • Applications

Chapter 11 Hydrogen as Energy for Mobile Applications

  • Mobile Applications
  • Fuel Cell Vehicles
  • Fuel Cell-Powered Buses
  • Material Handling Equipment
  • Hydrogen Competitiveness with Gasoline
  • Storage of Hydrogen for Transportation Applications
  • Principal Technologies
  • Composite Cylinders for Compression Less Retail Hydrogen Fueling Stations
  • Other Technology and Research Areas
  • U.S. Drive Partnership

Chapter 12 Hydrogen as a Chemical Intermediate

  • Hydrogen for Ammonia Production
  • Fertilizer
  • Ammonia Production Capacity in the United States
  • Effect of Gas Prices on the Ammonia Market
  • Changes in Ammonia Production Capacity
  • Production Process Development

Chapter 13 Patent Analysis

  • Overview
  • Hydrogen Production
  • Patents by Technology Type
  • Major Intellectual Property Portfolios
  • Hydrogen Storage
  • Patents by Technology Type
  • Major Intellectual Property Portfolios
  • Bulk Hydrogen Distribution
  • Patents by Type of Technology
  • Patents by Assignee
  • Fuel Cells
  • Patents by Technology Type
  • Major Intellectual Property Portfolios
  • Direct Combustion of Hydrogen
  • Other Hydrogen-Related Technologies

Chapter 14 Company Profiles

  • Accentus Plc
  • Acciona Sa
  • Advanced Materials Corp.
  • Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings Inc.
  • Airgas Inc.
  • L’Air Liquide Sa
  • Air Products And Chemicals Inc.
  • Alchemix Corp.
  • Alternative Fuel Systems Inc.
  • Alumifuel Power Corp.
  • Amec Foster Wheeler Corp.
  • Amminex A/S
  • Andeavor
  • Asia Pacific Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd.
  • Aspen Products Group Inc.
  • Avalence Llc
  • Ballard Power Systems
  • Battelle Memorial Institute
  • Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag
  • Bloom Energy Corp.
  • BP Plc
  • Ceramatec
  • Chevron
  • Conocophillips Company
  • Deer Park Refining Ltd. Partnership
  • Diversified Energy Corp.
  • Ecd Ovonics
  • Eden Innovations
  • E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Co.
  • Eprida Technologies
  • Ergenics
  • Etudes Chemiques Et Physiques Sarl
  • Equistar Chemicals Lp
  • Exxonmobil
  • Flint Hills Resources
  • Fuelcell Energy Inc.
  • Gas Technology Institute (Gti)
  • General Atomics
  • General Hydrogen
  • H2Scan
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S
  • HCE Llc
  • HTC Purenergy
  • HY9 Corp.
  • Hydrogenics Corp.
  • Hyundai Motors
  • Hythane Co.
  • Innovatek Inc.
  • Intelligent Energy
  • ITM Power Plc
  • Iwatani International Corp.
  • Jetstream Energy Technologies Inc.
  • Linde Ag
  • Luxfer Group Ltd.
  • Magna Steyr Ag & Co. Kg
  • Makel Engineering Inc.
  • Markwest Javelina
  • Materials And Systems Research Inc.
  • Membrane Technology And Research Inc.
  • Meritor Inc.
  • Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd.
  • Mlea Inc.
  • Mo-Sci Corp.
  • Motiva Enterprises Llc
  • Nanomix Inc.
  • National Center For Hydrogen Technology
  • NEL Hydrogen As
  • Nuvera Fuel Cells Llc
  • Plug Power Llc
  • Plastic Omnium Group
  • Powertech Labs Inc.
  • Praxair Inc.
  • Project Performance Corp.
  • Proton Onsite
  • Plastic Omnium Group
  • Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc.
  • Secat Inc.
  • Shell Oil
  • Sinopec Maoming Co.
  • Sotacarbo S.P.A.
  • Technipfmc
  • Toshiba Corp.
  • Toyota Motors
  • UHDE Gmbh
  • United Hydrogen Group
  • Universal Industrial Gases Inc.
  • US Fuel Cell
  • Valero Energy Corp.
  • Weldship Corp.
  • WRB Refinery Llc
  • Xebec Inc.
  • Yangtze Energy Technologies Inc.
  • Ztek Corp.

Chapter 15 Appendix: Hydrogen Glossary and Acronyms

List of Tables
Summary Table: U.S. Market for Hydrogen Feedstock, Through 2023
Table 1: Hydrogen Production Feedstocks
Table 2: Global Hydrogen Production, by Raw Material, 2017
Table 3: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years 2004-2016
Table 4: Manufacturing R&D Challenges for Distributed Hydrogen Production
Table 5: Hydrogen’s Share of Oil Refinery Fixed and Variable Operating Costs, 2017
Table 6: Top U.S. Refinery Hydrogen Producers Based on Capacity, 2017
Table 7: Thermal Processes for Hydrogen Production
Table 8: Electrolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
Table 9: Photolytic Processes for the Production of Hydrogen
Table 10: Hydrogen Production, by Segment, 2017
Table 11: Global Production of Merchant Hydrogen, by Country/Region, Through 2023
Table 12: U.S. Refinery Hydrogen Production Capacity, by State, 2016
Table 13: U.S. Share of Merchant Hydrogen Production, by Industry, 2017
Table 14: U.S. Share of Merchant Hydrogen Capacity, by Company, 2017
Table 15: U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline Miles, by State, 2006-2016
Table 16: U.S. Hydrogen Pipeline Miles, by Owner, 2016
Table 17: Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production Capacity in the U.S. and Canada, by Company and Location, 2016
Table 18: European Hydrogen Production, 2004-2014
Table 19: European Hydrogen Production, Through 2023
Table 20: European Merchant Liquid and Compressed Gas Hydrogen Production Capacity, by Company and Location, 2017
Table 21: European Hydrogen Pipeline Miles, by Country, 2017
Table 22: Chinese Consumption of Hydrogen, by End Use, 2017
Table 23: Global Ranking of Countries, by Refinery Hydrogen Production Capacity, 2016
Table 24: Global Hydrogen Demand for Refinery Processing Operations, by Region, Through 2023
Table 25: Major Fuel Cell Technologies
Table 26: U.S. Fuel Cell Bus Projects, 2017
Table 27: U.S. Department of Energy Targets for Onboard Hydrogen Storage Systems, 2020 and 2025
Table 28: Hydrogen Storage Technologies
Table 29: U.S. Ammonia Production, 2012-2016
Table 30: Global Ammonia Production, by Country, 2015 and 2016
Table 31: Hydrogen Patents Based on Major Field of Application, 1975-2017*
Table 32: U.S. Hydrogen Production Patents Issued, by Technology Type, 1975-2017*
Table 33: Major Hydrogen Production Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, 1975-2017*
Table 34: U.S. Hydrogen Storage Patents, by Technology Type, 1975-2017*
Table 35: Major Hydrogen Storage Intellectual Property Portfolios Issued, 1975-2017*
Table 36: U.S. Hydrogen Transmission and Distribution Technology Patents, by Technology Type, 2017
Table 37: U.S. Hydrogen Transmission and Distribution Technology Patents, by Assignee, 2017
Table 38: U.S. Fuel Cell Patents, by Technology Type, 2017*
Table 39: Major Fuel Cell IP Portfolios Issued, 2017
Table 40: Holders of U.S. Hydrogen Sensor Patents, 2017*

List of Figures
Summary Figure: U.S. Market for Hydrogen Feedstock, 2017-2023
Figure 1: U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Funding, Fiscal Years 2004-2016
Figure 2: Global Hydrogen Production Trends, 2017-2023
Figure 3: United States Merchant Hydrogen Production, 2017-2023
Figure 4: Fuel Cell Principles

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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4 of 5

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Accentus Plc
  • Bloom Energy Corp.
  • Flint Hills Resources
  • Innovatek Inc.
  • Motiva Enterprises Llc
  • Sinopec Maoming Co.
  • MORE

The largest energy-related application of hydrogen is in refining. The market drivers of petroleum processing demand for hydrogen are fuel emission standards, the increasing proportion of low-quality heavy sour crudes and growing demand for low sulfur diesel.

In addition, hydrogen can be burned as a fuel to perform work directly, or it can be converted into electricity using a fuel cell. At present, transportation applications consume a negligible portion of the world’s hydrogen production. As of the end of 2017, there were only about 6,500 fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) in the world, with half of them in California. Projections vary, but the most realistic projections peg the number of FCVs on the road at around 70,000 in 2023, which could consume a total of 10,000 tons of hydrogen per year.

Hydrogen is also an important chemical intermediate. Production pathways can be direct, such as via methane steam reforming or electrolysis, or indirect, for example, as a byproduct of chlorine and caustic soda production. Demand for hydrogen in ammonia production is the second-largest segment of the market after refining, followed by methanol production.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
5 of 5
  • Accentus Plc
  • Acciona Sa
  • Advanced Materials Corp.
  • Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings Inc.
  • Air Products And Chemicals Inc.
  • Airgas Inc.
  • Alchemix Corp.
  • Alternative Fuel Systems Inc.
  • Alumifuel Power Corp.
  • Amec Foster Wheeler Corp.
  • Amminex A/S
  • Andeavor
  • Asia Pacific Fuel Cell Technologies Ltd.
  • Aspen Products Group Inc.
  • Avalence Llc
  • Ballard Power Systems
  • Battelle Memorial Institute
  • Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag
  • Bloom Energy Corp.
  • Bp Plc
  • Ceramatec
  • Chevron
  • Conocophillips Company
  • Deer Park Refining Ltd. Partnership
  • Diversified Energy Corp
  • E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Co.
  • ECD Ovonics
  • Eden Innovations
  • Eprida Technologies
  • Equistar Chemicals Lp
  • Ergenics
  • Etudes Chemiques Et Physiques Sarl
  • Exxonmobil
  • Flint Hills Resources
  • Fuelcell Energy Inc.
  • Gas Technology Institute (Gti)
  • General Atomics
  • General Hydrogen
  • H2Scan
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S
  • HCE Llc
  • HTC Purenergy
  • HY9 Corp.
  • Hydrogenics Corp.
  • Hythane Co.
  • Hyundai Motors
  • Innovatek Inc.
  • Intelligent Energy
  • ITM Power Plc
  • Iwatani International Corp.
  • Jetstream Energy Technologies Inc.
  • Linde Ag
  • Luxfer Group Ltd.
  • L’Air Liquide Sa
  • Magna Steyr Ag & Co. Kg
  • Makel Engineering Inc.
  • Markwest Javelina
  • Materials And Systems Research Inc.
  • Membrane Technology And Research Inc.
  • Meritor Inc.
  • Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems Ltd.
  • Mlea Inc.
  • Mo-Sci Corp.
  • Motiva Enterprises Llc
  • Nanomix Inc.
  • National Center For Hydrogen Technology
  • Nel Hydrogen As
  • Nuvera Fuel Cells Llc
  • Plastic Omnium Group
  • Plug Power Llc
  • Powertech Labs Inc.
  • Praxair Inc.
  • Project Performance Corp.
  • Proton Onsite
  • Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide Inc.
  • Secat Inc.
  • Shell Oil
  • Sinopec Maoming Co.
  • Sotacarbo S.P.A
  • Technipfmc
  • Toshiba Corp.
  • Toyota Motors
  • UHDE Gmbh
  • United Hydrogen Group
  • Universal Industrial Gases Inc.
  • US Fuel Cell
  • Valero Energy Corp.
  • Weldship Corp
  • WRB Refinery Llc
  • Xebec Inc.
  • Yangtze Energy Technologies Inc.
  • Ztek Corp.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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