+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)

Transdermal Drug Delivery - Technologies, Markets, and Companies

  • PDF Icon


  • 302 Pages
  • November 2021
  • Region: Global
  • Jain PharmaBiotech
  • ID: 4748153

This report deals with transdermal drug delivery - an approach used to deliver drugs through the skin for therapeutic use as an alternative to oral, intravascular, subcutaneous and transmucosal routes. Various transdermal drug delivery technologies are described including the use of suitable formulations, carriers and penetration enhancers. The most commonly used transdermal system is the skin patch using various types of technologies. Nanoparticles as well as the use of physical agents to facilitate transcutaneous drug delivery is described. 

Microneedle and needleless technologies are also described. Transdermal technologies may be applied for several categories of pharmaceuticals used for the treatment of disorders of the skin or for the systemic effect to treat diseases of other organs. Several transdermal products and applications include hormone replacement therapy, contraception, management of pain, angina pectoris, smoking cessation and neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease. The market for transdermal drug delivery is analyzed according to technologies and therapeutic areas from 2020 to 2030. This market is analyzed according to geographical regions as well.

Benefits of this report

  • Up-to-date one-stop information on transdermal drug delivery
  • Description of 100 companies involved and 105 collaborations in this area
  • Market analysis 2020-2030
  • Market values in major regions
  • Strategies for developing markets for transdermal drug delivery
  • A selected bibliography of 200 publications
  • Text is supplemented by 22 tables and 18 figures

Who should read this report?

  • Biotechnology companies developing transdermal technologies
  • Drug delivery companies
  • Pharmaceutical companies interested in transdermal drug delivery
  • Pharmaceutical research institutes

The report contains information on the following:

  • Basics of Transdermal Drug Delivery
  • Transdermal Drug Delivery Technologies
  • Transdermal Therapeutics
  • Markets for Transdermal Drug Delivery
  • Companies involved in transdermal drug delivery

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

1. Basics of Transdermal Drug Delivery

  • Introduction
  • Historical landmarks in transdermal drug delivery
  • Anatomy and physiology of skin
  • Skin metabolomics and transcutaneous passage of drugs
  • Transcutaneous absorption
  • Transdermal versus other methods of drug delivery
  • Advantages of transdermal drug delivery
  • First-Pass Effect
  • Drawbacks of transdermal delivery
  • Factors that influence transdermal drug delivery
  • Rate of permeation across the skin
  • Properties of the skin
  • Properties of drugs
  • The role of pH and pharmacokinetics
  • Intradermal disposition of drugs after topical application
  • Role of nanobiotechnology in the understanding basis of transdermal delivery

2. Transdermal Drug Delivery Technologies

  • Introduction  
  • Local application formulations  
  • Crystalline topical formulations  
  • Microemulsions for transdermal drug delivery  
  • Nanoemulsions for transdermal drug delivery  
  • Transdermal gel technology  
  • Biphasix system  
  • Penetration enhancers  
  • Chemical enhancers 
  • Nitric oxide-based transdermal drug delivery  
  • Ionic liquids for transdermal delivery of drugs against bacterial biofilms on skin  
  • Vesicular transdermal carriers  
  • Ethosomes 
  • Elastic vesicles for transdermal drug delivery 
  • Liposomes  
  • Nanovesicles for transdermal drug delivery  
  • Transfersomes  
  • Transdermal patches 
  • Adhesives for transdermal patches 
  • Commercial development of transdermal patches  
  • Innovations in transdermal patches  
  • e-Patch™ controlled release micropump system  
  • Patchless Transdermal Delivery System 
  • Metered-dose transdermal system  
  • Polymers for transdermal drug delivery 
  • Polymer membranes in transdermal patches  
  • Film forming polymeric solutions  
  • Crystal Reservoir System of Nitto Denko 
  • Use of physical modalities to facilitate transdermal transport  
  • Transdermal electrotransport  
  • Electroporation  
  • Drug delivery by electroporation  
  • Cryoelectrophoresis  
  • Iontophoresis  
  • Iontophoresis compared with electrophoresis 
  • Application of iontophoresis for drug delivery 
  • Patents in iontophoresis  
  • Companies with technologies for drug delivery by iontophoresis  
  • Combination of electrophoresis and iontophoresis  
  • Dermaportation  
  • Radiofrequency-driven transdermal delivery  
  • Microporation  
  • Transcutaneous drug delivery by electropulsation  
  • Companies involved in electroporation-based drug delivery  
  • Electrode Scanning System  
  • Use of electrostatic force in skin patch technology  
  • Multiple Absorption Kinetic System 
  • Transdermal drug delivery facilitated by heat  
  • Thermosensitive gels  
  • Controlled, heat-aided drug delivery  
  • Ultrasound  
  • Magnetophoresis  
  • Use of lasers for transdermal drug delivery 
  • Laser-induced microporation  
  • Transdermal drug delivery by laser-induced pressure waves 
  • Transdermal drug delivery by laser-assisted changes in skin  
  • Transdermal delivery by gas under pressure  
  • Transdermal delivery with PowderJect gas gun  
  • Microneedle assisted microparticle delivery by a gene gun  
  • Microscission induced by gas  
  • Role of microelectronics in transdermal drug delivery  
  • Microneedles and dermal microinjection technologies  
  • Applications of microneedles 
  • AdminPatch® microneedle array  
  • Biodegradable microneedles  
  • Ceramic microneedle arrays  
  • Dissolvable microneedle patches  
  • MicorCor 
  • Microneedle arrays for drug delivery  
  • Microneedle patch  
  • MicroPyramid™ microneedles  
  • Microstructured Transdermal Systems  
  • Microneedle Array Patch technology  
  • Patenting of microneedle transdermal drug delivery  
  • Microneedle safety  
  • Microneedle transdermal chip  
  • Microneedle applicator device  
  • Dissolving microneedles  
  • Nanoject™ microneedle technology  
  • Nanoneedle patch  
  • PatchPump  
  • Phase transtion nanoneedle 
  • Polymer microneedles  
  • Silk microneedles 
  • Vaccination for COVID-19 by microneedles  
  • Tattooing for drug delivery  
  • ZP Patch microprojections technology 
  • Companies developing microneedles for transdermal drug delivery  
  • Needlefree injections 
  • Glide SDI® solid dose injector  
  • Jet injection  
  • Mini-Ject needlefree delivery system  
  • MicroJet for painless injections  
  • Nanoliter-volume pulsed microjets 
  • SUMAVEL™ DosePro™ needle-less injection  
  • Skin ablation or abrasion for drug delivery  
  • Nanotechnology-based transdermal drug delivery 
  • Delivery of nanostructured drugs from transdermal patches  
  • Effect of mechanical flexion on penetration of bucky balls through the skin 
  • Nanobiotechnology for transdermal application  
  • Nanoparticles and nanoemulsions for skin disorders  
  • Nanogels  
  • Nanopatches  
  • Hyaluronic acid for facilitating transdermal passage of nanoconstructs  
  • Ionic nanoparticle technology  
  • SLN gel for treatment of skin disorders  
  • Topical delivery of siRNA- nanoparticle conjugates  
  • Transdermal nanoparticle preparations for systemic effect  
  • Transdermal administration of nanocarriers  
  • Nanotechnology-based transdermal vaccination and immunotherapy  
  • Safety issues of applications of nanomaterial carriers on the skin  
  • Comparison of transdermal drug delivery systems  
  • Transdermal drug design  
  • In vitro testing of transdermal drug delivery systems  
  • Commercially available skin models for transdermal drug testing  
  • FDA guidelines for post-approval changes in semisold topical drugs 
  • In vivo testing of drug delivery systems  
  • Infrared spectroscopy for evaluation of transdermal drug delivery  
  • Methods for assessment of the performance of topically applied drugs  
  • Modeling of transport through the skin 
  • Concluding remarks on transdermal drug delivery technologies  
  • Future developments in transdermal drug delivery  

3. Transdermal Therapeutics

  • Introduction
  • Drugs that can be administered transdermally
  • Approved transdermal products
  • Drugs in clinical trials
  • Skin disorders
  • Cutaneous leishmaniasis
  • Hair loss
  • Iontophoretic drug delivery for nail disorders
  • Psoriasis
  • Nanoemulsions for paclitaxel delivery in psoriasis
  • Cardiovascular disorders
  • Transdermal estrogen for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
  • Transdermal drug delivery for angina pectoris
  • Transdermal drug delivery for hypertension
  • Transdermal clonidine
  • Transdermal delivery of β-blockers for hypertension
  • Transdermal delivery of calcium channel blockers for hypertension
  • Transdermal drug delivery for congestive heart failure
  • Transdermal beta blockers
  • Transdermal anticoagulants
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Asthma
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Neurological and psychiatric disorders
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Transdermal drug delivery for Parkinson's disease
  • Transdermal levodopa delivery systems
  • Transdermal dopamine agonists for Parkinson's disease
  • Rotigotine for Parkinson disease
  • Rotigotine for restless legs syndrome
  • Transdermal administration of other drugs for Parkinson disease
  • Depression
  • Antidepressants
  • Selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors
  • Transdermal fluoxetine
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  • Transdermal selegiline
  • Trazodone hydrochloride
  • Venlafaxine
  • Bupropion
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Transdermal lithium
  • Schizophrenia
  • Transdermal haloperidol
  • Transdermal risperidone for the treatment of schizophrenia
  • Transdermal blonanserin for treatment of schizophrenia
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Transdermal rivastigmine
  • Transdermal donepezil
  • Transdermal galantamine
  • Transdermal arecoline
  • Transdermal nicotine for Tourette syndrome
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Transdermal methylphenidate
  • Migraine
  • Transdermal sumatriptan
  • Transdermal zolmitriptan
  • Transdermal dihydroergotamine
  • Epilepsy
  • Tinnitus/Vertigo
  • Transdermal nitroglycerin for vasospasm due to subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Osteoporosis
  • Transdermal alendronate
  • Transdermal estrogen
  • Transdermal human parathyroid hormone
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Transdermal therapy of diabetes
  • Insulin delivery in diabetes by transdermal patches
  • Microneedle patch for glucose-responsive insulin delivery
  • Patch monitoring system for insulin delivery
  • Self-regulated patch for delivery of insulin and glucagon
  • Sonic Applicator & Control Device for TDD of insulin
  • V-Go® disposable insulin delivery device
  • ViaDor System for TDD of insulin
  • Companies developing devices for transdermal insulin delivery
  • Transdermal therapy of oral antidiabetic agents
  • Male disorders
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Topical and transdermal preparation for erectile dysfunction
  • Hypogonadism in the male
  • Topical testosterone
  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy
  • Tamsulosin TDS
  • Women's health
  • Female sexual arousal disorder
  • Menopause
  • Hormone replacement therapy for menopause
  • Effect of transdermal estradiol on bone density
  • Transdermal PTH for postmenopausal osteoporosis
  • Transdermal testosterone for low libido in postmenopausal women
  • Breast disorders
  • Dysmenorrhea
  • Female infertility
  • Contraception
  • Female contraception
  • Ortho Evra
  • AG200-15
  • BAY86-5016
  • Desogestrel
  • Male contraception
  • Transdermal progestin plus testosterone
  • Cancer
  • Delivery of the photosensitizer drug δ-amino levulinic acid
  • Intradermal delivery of cancer vaccines by adenoviral vectors
  • Nanoemulsion-based delivery of caffeine for skin cancer
  • Topical interferon α2b for cervical cancer and precancerous lesions
  • Transcutaneous electroporation for delivery of anticancer drugs
  • Transdermal delivery of peptide cancer vaccines
  • Transdermal drug delivery for prostate cancer
  • Transdermal nitroglycerine for prostate cancer
  • Transdermal estradiol gel for prostate cancer
  • Transdermal leuprolide acetate for prostate cancer
  • Transdermal drug delivery for breast cancer
  • Afimoxifene topical gel for breast cancer
  • Pain
  • Relief of pain associated with minor medical procedures
  • Transdermal lidocaine relief of postherpectic neuralgia
  • Lidoderm
  • Lidopat
  • ZTlido
  • Transdermal capsaicin for relief of pain
  • Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
  • Topical NSAIDs
  • Transdermal ketoprofen
  • Topical opioids
  • Cancer pain
  • Transdermal fentanyl
  • Transdermal nitroglycerine as an adjuvant to opioids
  • Transdermal buprenorphine
  • Chronic pain of non-malignant origin
  • Transdermal local anesthetics
  • Postoperative pain
  • Transdermal fentanyl for the management of postoperative pain
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Nanotechnology-based approved transdermal analgesic preparations
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Motion sickness
  • Postoperative vomiting
  • Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting
  • Antiaging strategies
  • Smoking cessation
  • Transdermal nicotine replacement
  • Use of nicotine patch for smoking cessation in pregnancy
  • Other methods of nicotine replacement
  • Other treatments for smoking cessation
  • Miscellaneous uses of transdermal drug delivery
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Delivery of cannabinoids
  • Overactive bladder and urinary incontinence
  • Transdermal oxybutynin
  • Viral infections
  • Transdermal nanoparticles for immune enhancement in HIV
  • Transdermal IQP-0410 for HIV/AIDS
  • Wound healing and ulcers
  • Transdermal gene therapy
  • Transdermal delivery of plasmid DNA by electroporation
  • Transdermal gene therapy for drug addiction
  • Transdermal antisense therapy
  • Transdermal vaccination
  • The skin as an immune organ
  • Technologies for transdermal vaccination
  • Dissolvable microneedle array for vaccine delivery
  • Electroporation for administering DNA vaccines
  • High-density microarray patch for influenza vaccine
  • Microneedles for transdermal delivery of vaccines
  • Needle-free delivery of vaccines
  • Transcutaneous immunotherapy using nanodispersions
  • Applications of transdermal vaccination
  • HIV/AIDS vaccination by topical application
  • Transdermal DNA influenza vaccine
  • Transdermal Aβ vaccination for Alzheimer’s disease
  • Transdermal vaccination for traveller’s diarrhoea
  • Epicutaneous desensitization for food allergy
  • Peanut patch for peanut allergy
  • Transdermal nutraceuticals
  • Complications of transdermal therapy
  • Adverse effects of drugs
  • Overdose effect
  • Skin complications
  • MRI-induced skin burns from transdermal patches

4. Markets for Transdermal Drug Delivery

  • Introduction
  • Global markets for drug delivery
  • Geographical distribution of transdermal drug delivery markets
  • Emerging transdermal drug delivery markets in Asia
  • Transdermal technology markets in therapeutic areas
  • Angina pectoris
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Hypertension
  • Osteoporosis
  • Pain therapeutics
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Smoking cessation
  • Transdermal hormone replacement therapy for menopause
  • Transdermal testosterone replacement therapy for hypogonadism in the male
  • Transdermal contraceptive market
  • Markets according to transdermal technologies
  • Markets for microneedle-based transdermal drug delivery
  • Marketing strategies for transdermal drug delivery
  • Marketing advantages of transdermal drug delivery
  • Unmet needs in transdermal drug delivery
  • Regulatory aspects that affect transdermal drug delivery markets
  • Future prospects of transdermal drug delivery
  • Growth of new technologies used in transdermal drug delivery
  • Prospects of transdermal delivery for drugs coming off patents
  • Transdermal delivery of biologicals
  • Transdermal delivery of cosmetics

5. Companies involved in transdermal drug delivery

  • Profiles of companies
  • Top companies in transdermal drug delivery
  • Collaborations

6. References

List of Tables
Table 1-1: Historical landmarks in the development of transdermal drug delivery
Table 1-2: Transdermal vs oral and intravenous drug delivery
Table 1-3: Size ranges of molecules that can be delivered by transdermal route
Table 2-1: Technologies for transdermal drug delivery
Table 2-2: Chemical enhancers of skin penetration
Table 2-3: Drug-in-adhesive versus reservoir type of transdermal patch
Table 2-4: Companies with transdermal patches for drug delivery
Table 2-5: Companies with technologies for drug delivery by iontophoresis
Table 2-6: Companies involved in electroporation-based drug delivery
Table 2-7: Companies developing microneedles for transdermal drug delivery
Table 2-8: Comparison of transdermal drug delivery systems
Table 3-1: Approved transdermal products
Table 3-2: Transdermal drugs in clinical trials or approval process
Table 3-3: Companies developing devices for transdermal insulin delivery
Table 3-4: Selected transdermal systems GLP-1 antidiabetic agents
Table 4-1: Worldwide drug delivery market growth 2020 to 2030
Table 4-2: Transdermal drug delivery markets for geographical regions 2020 to 2030
Table 4-3: Markets for transdermal products for therapeutic areas 2020-2030
Table 4-4: Markets according to transdermal technologies 2020-2030
Table 4-5: Marketing strategies based on transdermal drug delivery technologies
Table 5-1: Top five companies in transdermal drug delivery
Table 5-2: Collaborations in transdermal drug delivery

List of Figures
Figure 1-1: Basic structure of the skin
Figure 1-2: Passages of transcutaneous drug absorption
Figure 1-3: Events governing transcutaneous drug absorption
Figure 2-1: Basic structure and function of transdermal drug delivery systems
Figure 2-2: Transdermal system for delivery of liquid drugs
Figure 2-3: Crystal Reservoir System of Nitto Denko
Figure 2-4: A schematic view of electroporation
Figure 2-5: Depiction of the breakdown of the stratum corneum during electroporation
Figure 2-6: A schematic drawing of Iontophoresis
Figure 2-7: SonoPrep ultrasonic skin permeation
Figure 2-8: A schematic sketch of PowderJect gas gun
Figure 2-9: Drug delivery using different types of microneedles (MN)
Figure 2-10: A schematic drawing of the microneedle patch
Figure 2-11: Preparation of solid-in-oil nanodispersion for transdermal application
Figure 3-1: Oral versus transdermal administration of a drug in Parkinson's disease
Figure 3-2: Control functions and user interface of insulin patch monitoring system
Figure 3-3: Transcutaneous immunotherapy using nanodispersions
Figure 3-4: Mechanism of action of epicutaneous immunotherapy
Figure 4-1: Unmet needs in transdermal drug delivery