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Transformer Report Ed 7 2019

  • ID: 4753346
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 275 Pages
  • StatPlan Energy Ltd
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This Report Sizes Demand for Power and Distribution Transformers in the Base Year 2018 and Forecasts Sales From 2018 to 2025

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • ABB
  • Daihen
  • Howard Industries
  • Nissin
  • SPX Waukesha
  • TWBB
  • MORE

The 7th edition of the Transformer Report sizes demand for power and distribution transformers in the base year 2018 and forecasts sales from 2018 to 2025.

  • The report contains a comprehensive analysis of the transformer markets; globally, for all regions and for 78 countries, sales and the installed base by type of transformer and ownership for 2018.
  • Market analysis of major countries of North America, Europe, CIS, Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific, LAC.
  • The report predicts market trends in volume and value from 2018 to 2025.
  • The long term demand cycle is plotted - depends on new build and historical replacement over decades.
  • Price trends and factors affecting price are analysed; input costs for raw materials, labour, energy, production capacity and capacity utilisation.
  • Transformer production capacity is assessed in MVA by country and major manufacturer.
  • Production capacity in tonnes and manufacturers of electrical steel are analysed.
  • Competitive analysis and market shares of the top 21 transformer manufacturers, shares or listings for countries. Does disruption loom as ABB, the largest transformer manufacturer, exits the grid business?
  • Customer list - utility landscape with transmission and distribution companies listed for 204 countries.
  • The Grid Edge is already impacting on the transformer mix in distribution networks and this will accelerate. The distribution networks are not ready yet. The changing landscape of electrical systems, with the growth of DER and renewables, energy efficiency, electrification and digitalisation are discussed.
  • Smart transformers, characteristics and technical requirements, inputs to the smart grid, current market uptake.
  • MEPS - Minimum Energy Performance Standards for transformers are listed for countries which have enacted them and the market for high-efficiency transformers analysed.
  • Load factors and redundancy are essential features of any network. Ignoring this distorts estimates of transformer populations by large factors. Load factors range from 50% to > 100% in networks, reflecting levels of redundancy. This is discussed in detail.

1. TRANSFORMER SALES IN MVA AND EX-FACTORY COST $

Sales in the base year 2018, forecast in MVA and in nominal $, annually from 2018 to 2025

  • Analysis- Global, North America, Europe, CIS, Middle East, Africa, Asia Pacific, LAC
  • By 78 countries, in MVA and $ value
  • Country sales analysis in MVA by Power Transformer/Distribution Transformer

2. TRANSFORMER SALES COMPARED AT EX-FACTORY COST & INSTALLED COST $

Sales in the base year 2018 to 2025, by region.

3. MARKET SHARES

Competitive analysis and market shares of the top 21 transformer manufacturers, and shares or listings for country markets.

4. CUSTOMER LIST

Utility landscape with transmission and distribution companies listed for 204 countries and territories.

5. GENERATOR AND TRANSFORMER INSTALLED BASE ANALYSIS

The base year 2018, transformer type:

  • By region and 78 countries
  • Type - GSU, Power Network Transformer, Distribution Network Transformer, Industrial Transformer
  • Power generation capacity MW
  • Transformer capacity MVA, number of transformers, kVA per transformer
  • Analysed by power transformers by ownership - Generator, Utility, Industry
  • Analysed by distribution transformers by ownership - Generator, Utility, Industry

6. PPI (PRODUCER PRICE INDEX) TREND, FACTORS IMPACTING PRICE

PPI trends and the following factors impacting prices are analysed. Price trends and factors affecting price are analysed; input costs for raw materials, labour, energy and production capacity, capacity utilisation.

7. THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS; GSU, POWER AND DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS

Transformers are needed at any stage where the voltage changes up or down. The stages and parameters are mapped as power are stepped up from generating plant to the high voltage transmission grid, down to medium voltage distribution grid and down to low voltage end user.

8. TRANSFORMER: GENERATOR CAPACITY RATIOS - MVA: MW

  • By region and 124 countries -
  • By type - GSU, Power Network Transformer, Distribution Network Transformer

9. TRANSFORMER PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND MANUFACTURERS

Production capacity is assessed, for transformer manufacturers and for electrical steel, for different regions and countries and surplus capacity identified, with its effect on prices. Manufacturers of both are listed with global shares of production capacity.

10. N-1, N-2, 2N, 2N+1 SECURITY AND REDUNDANCY

Load factors and redundancy are essential features of any network. Load factors range from 50% to > 100% within networks, reflecting levels of redundancy. Ignoring these fundamentals distorts estimates of transformer populations by large factors. Surprisingly, some organisations of high repute have ignored redundancy and publish estimates of the transformer populations as much as 50% too low. In the various parts of a network, different load factors are used to achieve a cost-effective security standard usually N-1 or N-2. What are N-1 or N-2 security standards, where are they applied and how do they affect the transformer population?

11. LONG TERM DEMAND CYCLE 1900-2050

The long term demand cycle depends on new build and replacement. Power transformers commonly have 40-year lives or more and with modern life, the extension can last even longer so the replacement cycle is a long term issue. To determine the demand cycle it is necessary to chart the growth of the transformer fleet over many decades. The publisher has charted this since 1900 and the cycle is plotted to determine the demand cycle over 150 years, from 1900 to 2050. The long term demand cycle is not the same as the short term sales forecast.

12. THE POINT OF CONNECTION, CENTRAL AND DISTRIBUTED GENERATION

The Grid Edge is impacting on electricity systems; a changing generating mixture and increases in distributed power and renewables, the growth of DER and renewables, energy efficiency, electrification and digitalisation are in flux, and the distribution networks are not yet ready for the Grid Edge.

13. SMART TRANSFORMERS

The ageing power grid, increasing energy demands, distributed generation and the environment all point toward the need for a smart grid. Transformers serve as a hub for collection and distribution of energy and are key components of a smart grid.

14. MEPS AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Losses in transmission and distribution networks constitute the single biggest loss in any electricity system and 70% of these losses occur in the distribution network. Government regulations and programmes to reduce losses with energy efficient distribution transformers are outlined for different regions, with analysis of the amorphous distribution transformer industry and market uptake.

15. LOGISTICS

Power transformers can be the size of a house and weigh 400-500 tons. They often have to be transported large distances over difficult terrain with poor roads, underpasses and overpasses and limited load weight limits. For LPTs, the parameters of the move must be incorporated at the design stage before manufacture. Logistics problems and solutions are discussed together with their implications for transformers.

16. ELECTRIFICATION

Electrification rates around the world vary considerably and these are charted, with their impact on electrical markets.

Products Mentioned:

  • Generator Transformers
  • Power Network Transformers
  • Distribution Transformers
  • Industrial Transformers
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • ABB
  • Daihen
  • Howard Industries
  • Nissin
  • SPX Waukesha
  • TWBB
  • MORE

1. The Power And Distribution Transformer Market

2. The Growth Of The World’S Transformer Fleeet Seven Surveys

3. Transformer Types - Gsu, Power And Distribution, Industrial Transformers

  • Power transformers
  • Large Power Transformers (LPT)
  • Classification according to application
  • Generator step-up transformers (GSU)
  • System intertie (interconnecting) transformers.
  • Distribution Transformers
  • Pad mounted distribution transformers
  • Industrial transformers

4. North American Transformer Market

  • Transformer stock
  • Composition of demand
  • The utility market in the United States
  • Transformer market drivers
  • Utility investment
  • Manufacturing industry review - facilities
  • Power transformers
  • USA plant
  • NAFTA suppliers in Canada and Mexico
  • Large power transformers (LPT)
  • Medium power transformers
  • Distribution transformers
  • MV distribution transformer
  • Liquid-immersed
  • Dry type
  • LV distribution transformers
  • Dry type
  • Amorphous core transformer manufacturers
  • Canadian manufacturers
  • Purchase considerations and delivery channels
  • National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA)
  • CEE- Consortium for Energy Efficiency
  • MEPS standards
  • Canadian standards

5. European Transformer Markets

  • Regional overview of the European utility system
  • Transformer voltages in the utility network and industry
  • Voltage differences in the European distribution networks
  • High efficiency transformers
  • A changing network landscape - distributed power - smart transformers
  • European utility crisis
  • Transformer market Drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • European transformer manufacturing industry review
  • FRANCE
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Market leaders - Alstom, Schneider, development in France
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • GERMANY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Market leader - Siemens
  • SGB- SMIT
  • German utility crisis
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • ITALY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • SPAIN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • SWITZERLAND
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • ABB
  • UNITED KINGDOM
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • TURKEY
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers

6. CIS Transformer Market

  • RUSSIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • The Russian power system
  • Market drivers
  • Russian transformer manufacturers
  • Ukrainian transformer manufacturer

7. Middle East And Africa Transformer Markets

  • IRAN
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • SAUDI ARABIA
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • UAE
  • Transformer stock
  • Transformer manufacturers

8. Asia Pacific Transformer Markets

  • Investment as a % of GDP
  • CHINA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • UHV AC and HVDC transformer markets in China
  • Chinese suppliers and foreign suppliers
  • UHV market participants
  • International firms in China’s UHV Market
  • Power and distribution transformers = 220 kV = UHV
  • Power and distribution transformers = 220 kV
  • Distribution transformers for MV and LV distribution
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • The structure of the Chinese power sector
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • JAPAN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • Overseas production
  • INDIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Electrification
  • Captive generation
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • Capacity and utilisation
  • INDONESIA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • KOREA
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • TAIWAN
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers
  • THAILAND
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Transformer manufacturers

9. LAC Transformer Markets

  • BRAZIL
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • Manufacturing industry review
  • MEXICO
  • Annual demand power and distribution transformers
  • Transformer stock
  • Market drivers
  • MEPS Standards
  • Transformer manufacturers

10. The Value Chain - From Materials To Capex

  • The value chain at 6 levels
  • Sales channels
  • Utilities
  • Manufacturers’ direct sales
  • Distributor sales
  • Industry
  • Raw material inputs

11. The Utility Landscape

12. Transformer Sales At Retail Price And Installed Cost

13. GSU, Utility & Industrial Power And Distribution Transformer Installed Capacity, Numbers And Average Distribution Transformer Kva Per Unit

14. Network Transformer Layout

  • THE TRANSFORMATION PROCESS
  • Stage 1
  • Stage 2
  • Stage 3
  • Stage 4
  • Network configurations for distribution - Radial, Loop and Network systems
  • Industry
  • Review of regional utility network practices - The link from medium voltage to low voltage
  • North America
  • Japan
  • Europe
  • Types of transformer
  • Liquid dielectric transformers
  • Dry-type transformers
  • Gas filled transformers
  • Evolution of power transformers by size and capacity
  • Ownership of power and distribution transformers
  • Ownership of GSU transformers

15. The Long-Term Demand Cycle 1900-2050

  • Installed Capacity Versus Demand
  • The China Factor

16. Transformer:Generator Ratios - Mva:Mw

17. Smart Transformers

  • Smart transformers and the smart grid
  • Basic characteristics of smart transformers
  • The basic technical requirements of smart transformers
  • Intelligent transformer substations
  • Smart transformer in current infrastructure
  • Dissolved gas analysis (DGA)

18. N-1 Standard, N-2 And 2N, Redundancy And Replacement

  • Network failure
  • Transformer failure
  • Industrial reliability
  • Levels of redundancy
  • Network reliability
  • N-1 and the networks
  • Reliability standards SAIFI and SAIDI
  • Electricity transmission
  • Large power transformers (LPTs)
  • Transformer/generator ratios and redundancy
  • Generation
  • Transmission
  • Distribution

19. Price Trends And Factors Driving Transformer Prices

  • PPI - Producer Price Index
  • USA
  • EU
  • China
  • Japan
  • Factors impacting on manufacturing cost and selling price of transformers
  • Manufacturing cost
  • Selling price
  • Cost of materials
  • The core - electrical steel
  • Amorphous steel
  • The coil - windings - copper and aluminium
  • Advantages of copper windings
  • Disadvantages of copper windings
  • Advantages of aluminium windings
  • Disadvantages of aluminium windings
  • Transformer oil
  • Fluctuations in commodity prices
  • Demand for transformers, market and industry trends
  • Production capacity and utilisation

20. Central And Distributed Generation

  • Trends in the generation mix
  • The impact of generation developments on transformation technology
  • Decentralised power
  • Czech Republic
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Spain

21. MEPS - Minimum Energy Performance Standards

  • MEPS (Minimum Energy Performance Standards)
  • United States
  • Efficiency regulations
  • Canada
  • Brazil
  • Mexico
  • European Union
  • The European Norms EN50588-1:2014 and EU No 548/2014 apply.
  • Australia and New Zealand
  • Israel
  • Vietnam
  • Japan
  • China
  • Korea
  • India
  • Summary of efficiency standards

22. High Efficiency Transformers

  • Development of a new technology - amorphous core transformers
  • The market for AMTs
  • AMT manufacturers
  • Amorphous metal ribbon manufacturers
  • Amorphous metal transformers - AMTs
  • Japan
  • China
  • United States
  • India
  • Taiwan
  • Other
  • HTS -high temperature superconductor transformers

23. Transformer Production Capacity

  • Manufacturing Capacity, Global And By Region
  • Capacity utilisation
  • North America (United States, Canada)
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • Mexico
  • Latin America (excluding Mexico)
  • China
  • India
  • Korea
  • Africa
  • South Africa

24. Global Market Share Power And Distribution Transformers

25. Logistics
1. Design of transformers
2. Preparation of a Transformer
3. Faults or damages to transformers
4. Voyage Assessment
5. Transport execution
6. Handling
7. Securing

  • Rail transport
  • North America
  • Europe
  • Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • Road transport
  • Rear wheel drive
  • Clearance
  • Alternative solutions

26. Electrification

  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Asia
  • MENA
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • CIS
  • North America
  • The impact of electrification on the electrical supply industry

27. Methodology

  • Short term demand forecast
  • Long term demand cycle
  • Demand cycles and the market
  • Energy Databases
  • Transformation capacity
  • Review of the transformer databases

1. Utility/industry ownership
2. The proportion of GSU/transmission PTs
3. Redundancy.

List of Figures
Figure 1: Annual growth of the transformer market in volume and value, 2018-2025
Figure 2: The global transformer fleet 2012-2017, generator and transformer capacity
Figure 3: The global transformer fleet by transformer type, 2012-2017
Figure 4: LPT, 265 MVA, 525 kV
Figure 5: MPT 60 MVA, 275 kV.
Figure 6: SPT with 12.5 MVA with OLTC ( On-Load Tap Changer)
Figure 7: An 800 kV UHVDC converter transformer by ABB
Figure 8: Oil-filled distribution transformer,
Figure 9: Dry-type distribution transformer
Figure 10: Pad-mounted distribution transformer
Figure 11: A pole top distribution transformer
Figure 12: Ratio of distribution transformers to generating capacity, installed base 1960-2016
Figure 13: Imports of power transformers (Oil filled = 10 MVA), into the United States from Canada, Mexico and Korea 2000-2017 $ value
Figure 14: Distribution voltages in Europe (EU 27)
Figure 15: Market capitalisation of seleced European utilities
Figure 16: Investment as a % of GDP, selected countries and economic groupings, 1980-2020
Figure 17: Market shares for UHV AC and HVDC transformers in China
Figure 18: Market shares of leading transformer manufacturers for SGCC’s HV, MV and LV tenders
Figure 19: Production, consumption and exports of distribution transformers in China, 2006-2017
Figure 20: Structure of the Chinese electric power industry
Figure 21: An example of an electricity network
Figure 22: The UK electrical power transmission and distribution system
Figure 23: The traditional centralised electricity system compared with distributed power
Figure 24: Evolution of transformers in voltage kV and capacity MVA
Figure 25: Proportion of capacity (MVA) generator, utility and private industry ownership of power and distribution transformers by region, 2018
Figure 26: Installed capacity of power and distribution transformers, GVA, 1900 - 2050
Figure 27: Global installed transformation capacity and demand, GVA, 1900 - 2050
Figure 28: The cycle of demand, new and replacement capacity, GVA, 1900 - 2050
Figure 29: Global utility transformation capacity installed base by region, GVA, 1900 - 2050
Figure 30: Demand for power and distribution transformers, China and the World, GVA, 1900 - 2050
Figure 31: Regional variation in long term demand, 1900 - 2050
Figure 32: Conventional grid with unidirectional power flow
Figure 33: Active distribution grid with intelligent transformer substations
Figure 34:, Producer Price Indeces for power and distribution transformers in the US 1967-2018
Figure 35: EU 28 Producer Price Index for industrial manufactures 2012 to Q2 - 2018
Figure 36: China Producer Price Index for industrial goods 2009 to 2018, 2009 = 100
Figure 37: Japan Producer Price Index for electrical machinery and equipment 1996 to 2018
Figure 38: The manufacturing processes for CRGO and CNRGO
Figure 39: Copper prices 1970 to 2020
Figure 40: Aluminium prices 1970 to 2020
Figure 41: Transformer commodity price index 2009 to 2018
Figure 42: Global generating capacity mix, 1990 - 2050
Figure 43: Global generating capacity mix by energy source, 1990 - 2050
Figure 44: Capacity and generation by each energy source as percent of total, 1990 - 2013
Figure 45: Capacity and generation by each energy source as percent of total, 1990 - 2013
Figure 46: Global market share power and distribution transformers, $ value, 2018
Figure 47: Two Schnabel cars unloaded
Figure 48: Schnabel car with load
Figure 49: The largest load ever transported by road in the United Kingdom
Figure 50: Goldhofer heavy duty load
Figure 51: Goldhofer rear wheel drive vehicle
Figure 52: The trailer approaches a narrow turning
Figure 53: The trailer’s rear wheels begin the turn
Figure 54: The trailer has turned the corner
Figure 55: Overhead obstructions
Figure 56: Transformer off the road
Figure 57: Share of people without electricity access for developing countries, 2016
Figure 58: World electrification - % of households with electricity, 1900 - 2050
Figure 59: World electrification - number and % of households with electricity, 1900 - 2050
Figure 60: Selected major countries - % of households with electricity, 1900 - 2050
Figure 61: Selected major countries - Number of households with electricity, 1900 - 2050
Figure 62: Regional totals of electrified households 2010 to 2050
Figure 63: Additions of electrified households in each decade by region, 2010 to 2050
Figure 64: Diagram of new plus total replacement capacity

List of Tables
Table 1: Transformer demand, GVA and $ in real and nominal values, 2018-25
Table 2: World transformer demand forecast, 2018-2025, GVA
Table 3: World transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost, 2018-2025, $ nominal million
Table 4: World transformer demand forecast,
Table 5: World transformer demand forecast at ex-factory cost,
Table 6: The global transformer fleet by transformer type, 2012-2017,
Table 7: North America, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2018-2025
Table 8: North America, power and distribution transformer sales forecast, 2018-2025, MVA capacity
Table 9: North America, power transformer sales forecast, 2018-2025, MVA capacity
Table 10: North America, distribution transformer sales forecast, 2018-2025, MVA capacity
Table 11: US power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 12: Detailed shipment data for power and distribution transformers in the US, 2009
Table 13: Market shares of Power Transformer Producers in the United States, 2015
Table 14: Europe, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2018-2025, $ nominal million
Table 15: Europe, total transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 16: Europe, power transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 17: Europe, distribution transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 18: French power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 19: German power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 20: Italian power and distribution transformer stock, 2017
Table 21: Spanish power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 22: Swiss power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 23: UK power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 24: Turkish power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 25: CIS, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2018-2025, $ nominal million
Table 26: CIS, total transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 27: CIS, power transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 28: CIS distribution transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 29: Russian power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 30: MENA, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2018-2025, $ nominal million
Table 31: MENA, total transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 32: MENA, power transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 33: MENA, distribution transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 34: Iranian power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 35: Saudi Arabian power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 36: UAE power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 37: Asia Pacific, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2018-2025
Table 38: Asia Pacific, total transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 39: Asia Pacific, power transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 40: Asia Pacific, distribution transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 41: Chinese power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 42: The operational UHV circuits in China in 2017
Table 43: UHV circuits under construction in China in 2017
Table 44: Key Technologies for UHV AC systems
Table 45: Key technologies for UVH DC systems
Table 46: Japanese power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 47: Transformer manufacturers in Japan
Table 48: Indian power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 49: Indian transformer production capacity GVA
Table 50: Transformer manufacturers in India
Table 51: Indonesian power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 52: Korean power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 53: Taiwanese power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 54: Thai power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 55: LAC, total transformer sales forecast at ex-factory cost, 2018-2025, $ nominal million
Table 56: LAC, total transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 57: LAC, power transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 58: LAC, distribution transformer sales, 2018-2025, MVA
Table 59: Brazilian power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 60: Mexican power and distribution transformer stock, 2018
Table 61: Costs and mark-up from Bill of Materials to Capex
Table 62: Electricity transmission and distribution companies of the world.
Table 63: Transformer demand at ex-factory and installed cost by region, 2018-2025, $ million
Table 64: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, World, 2018
Table 65: Number and average capacity in kVA of Distribution transformers by country and ownership, World, 2018
Table 66: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, North America, 2018
Table 67: Number and average capacity in kVA of Distribution transformers by country and ownership North America, 2018
Table 68: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Europe, 2018
Table 69: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Europe, 2018
Table 70: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, CIS, 2018
Table 71: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, CIS, 2018
Table 72: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Middle East and North Africa, 2018
Table 73: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Middle East and North Africa, 2018
Table 74: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Asia Pacific, 2018
Table 75: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, Asia Pacific, 2018
Table 76: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2018
Table 77: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership Africa, 2017
Table 78: Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA) by country and ownership, LAC, 2018
Table 79: Number and average capacity in kVA of distribution transformers by country and ownership, LAC, 2018
Table 80: Average consumers per LV distribution transformer in selected countries, 2018
Table 81: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), World, 2018
Table 82: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Europe, 2018
Table 83: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), CIS, 2018
Table 84: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Middle East and North Africa, 2018
Table 85: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), S-S Africa, 2018
Table 86: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Asia Pacific, 2018
Table 87: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), North America, 2018
Table 88: Ratios of transformation capacity (MVA) to generating capacity (MW), Latin America, 2018
Table 89: Cost of materials.
Table 90: Voltage level of for connection to the grid, German rules
Table 91: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Czech Republic, 2012
Table 92: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Germany, 2012
Table 93: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Italy, 2012
Table 94: Grid voltage connection by installation size for solar PV in Spain, 2012
Table 95: Network losses by region
Table 96: The vast majority of countries have yet to take such action.
Table 97: A summary of liquid filled distribution transformer efficiency programmes
Table 98:Summary of dry-type distribution transformer efficiency programmes
Table 99: Manufacturers of energy efficient transformers in China, 2013
Table 100: World production capacity for transformers, GVA, 2019
Table 101: Global leaders’ production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2019
Table 102: CIS, production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2013
Table 103: China, domestic production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2019
Table 104: India, production capacity power and distribution transformers, GVA, 2007 - 2019
Table 105: Population and electrical parameters of South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • ABB
  • Daihen
  • Howard Industries
  • Nissin
  • SPX Waukesha
  • TWBB
  • MORE

Chapter 1 - the POWER and DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER MARKET

Total demand for power and distribution transformers in 2018 is summarised with cagr in real and nominal values, in MVA capacity, and in real and nominal price per unit, for 2018 and forecast to 2025. For all transformers, GSU transformers, power transformers, distribution transformers.

Chapter 2 - the GROWTH of the WORLD’S TRANSFORMER FLEET, COMPARISON of SEVEN

A comparison of data of the growth of the transformer stock as measured in the last seven Transformer Surveys- analysis EHV HV GSU/utility PTs/industry DTs/MV GSU/utility DTs/industry DTs.

Chapter 3 - TRANSFORMER MARKET, GSU, POWER and DISTRIBUTION, INDUSTRIAL

The classifications of transformers - GSU, LPT, MPT power, SPT power, pad mounted DT, pole top DT, industrial.

Chapter 4 - NORTH AMERICAN TRANSFORMER MARKET

Analysis of demand and transformer stock by category; GSU, power transformers and distribution transformers. Detailed shipment data for distribution transformers in the US is only available for the years 2009 by transformer type. Market drivers and utility investment are outlined. the manufacturing industry is analysed in detail by transformer category; LPT, power, medium power transformers, liquid and dry type MV transformers, LV dry type. Purchase influences and delivery channels are analysed. Efficiency is outlined.

Chapter 5 - EUROPEAN TRANSFORMER MARKETS

The European market for power and distribution transformers in estimated at ex-factory cost, for generator transformers, transmission power transformers and distribution transformers for every country. Regional overview of the European utility system is provided, with details of utilizes and network structure, including voltage analysis. Efficiency measures are outlined. the changing network landscape of Distributed Power and Smart Transformers are outlined. Over the last five years, the EU power sector has been hit by a “perfect storm” of macroeconomic and industry-specific factors that have led to overcapacity and low prices. MPS and market drivers are analysed. As a result, the region’s large publicly traded utilities have, on average, lost half of their market capitalisation since 2008, destroying around EUR 500 billion of shareholder value. This is outlined and analysed in detail focusing on the major utilizes affected. the chapter contains detailed marketing sections for the major countries in Europe; France, Germany, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom and Turkey, analysis of manufacturing facilities, especially the global leaders - ABB, Siemens, Alstom, Schneider, Legrand.

Chapter 6 - CIS TRANSFORMER MARKET

The CIS market for power and distribution transformers in estimated at ex-factory cost, for generator transformers, transmission power transformers and distribution transformers for every country. the chapter contains a separate report on the major CIS country, Russia.

Chapter 7 - MIDDLE EAST and AFRICA TRANSFORMER MARKETS

The Middle Eastern and African markets for power and distribution transformers in estimated at ex-factory cost, for generator transformers, transmission power transformers and distribution transformers for every country. Individual sections on Iran, Saudi Arabia and UAE.

Chapter 8 - ASIA PACIFIC TRANSFORMER MARKETS

The Asia Pacific markets for power and distribution transformers in estimated at ex-factory cost, for generator transformers, transmission power transformers and distribution transformers for every country. Separate detailed sections are included for China, India, Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Taiwan and Thailand. An interesting analysis is provided of investment as a % of GDP, which shows clearly the dominance of the Asian countries and MENA with implications for markets.

Chapter 9 - LAC TRANSFORMER MARKETS

The LAC markets for power and distribution transformers in estimated at ex-factory cost, for generator transformers, transmission power transformers and distribution transformers for every country. the two largest markets, Brazil and Mexico are analysed individually.

Chapter 10 - the VALUE CHAIN - FROM MATERIALS TO CAPEX

The cost of any product such as transformers or switchgear can be measured in a number of ways, from being a piece of unworked metal to its final installation in working order and finally as a constituent of capital expenditure. Different price levels are important in this supply chain. These are defined and analysed with % ratios for each step in the sequence. the value chain differs for different routes to market and is a fundamental issue for channel strategy.

Chapter 11 - the UTILITY LANDSCAPE

Customer list - utility landscape with transmission and distribution companies listed for 204 countries with hundreds of utilities named.

Chapter 12 - TRANSFORMERS SALES AT RETAIL PRICE and INSTALLED COST

Demand by region is summarised at retail price and installed coast.

Chapter 13 - UTILITY, GSU & INDUSTRIAL POWER and DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER INSTALLED

Capacity, Numbers and Average Distribution Transformer Kva Per Unit

A detailed set of tables of Generator, Utility and Industrial Power and Distribution transformer capacity (MVA), numbers of units and kVA/unit for distribution transformers, by country and ownership, for 2017.

Chapter 14 - NETWORK TRANSFORMER LAYOUT

In the T&D industry, GSU, power network and distribution network transformers are one of the major components of equipment, in addition to switchgear, cables and other items of equipment. Transformers are needed at all stages in an electrical supply system when the voltage level changes, either up or down and the transport of power goes through several stages between generation and final delivery to the consumer. These stages vary according to the design of the system. the chapter outlines the various stages of the power networks in detail and identifies where the different types of transformers are positioned, flagging regional differences in practice, with regional summaries.

Chapter 15 - the LONG-TERM DEMAND CYCLE 1900-2050

Global installed transformer capacity has risen every year throughout the last and current centuries, from 22 GVA in 1900 to 45,188 GVA in 2016. the growth has been linear and it will continue as such until 2050. At face value, the steady rise in installed capacity suggests that annual demand for power and distribution transformers will rise steadily every year on a linear path, but this is not the case. It was such an assumption as this which led to unsustainable surpluses of production capacity in the electro-technical industry in the 1990s and the demise of many hitherto respected and successful companies. Over 200 transformer factories were closed between 1970 and 2000. Figures plot installed transformer capacity and annual demand based on replacement cycles of 40 years for power transformers and 30 years for distribution transformers. the long-term demand cycle of new and renewal does not equate to short term expenditure. At present, if the replacement had been carried out as needed demand would be going down. However, the replacement has been delayed for years, especially in the transmission sector and the short-term market is increasing. the long- term demand cycle is a tool for long-term planning, while the short-term expenditure projections are for immediate sales and marketing purposes.

Chapter 16 - TRANSFORMER:GENERATOR RATIOS - MVA:MW

The ratio of transformer capacity to generating capacity is a useful statistic because generating capacity is comprehensively recorded whereas transformer capacity is less well documented. This enables us not only to confirm snapshots of transformation capacity at any point in time but also to plot long term trends and demand cycles for transformers based on the historical data for generating capacity. Power transformers have along service lives, often 40 years or more, with some still in service aged 60-80 years and even a few 100 years old. It is therefore essential to plot long term installed capacity. There are variations between countries, which are the result of different network designs and voltage classes. the ratios are given for every country at four stages; GSU, power network, distribution network and total generator transformer capacity.

Chapter 17 - SMART TRANSFORMERS

Challenges such as the ageing power grid, increasing energy demands, the spiralling cost of generating electricity and its cost on the environment all point toward the need for a grid that can produce and distribute energy more efficiently and reliably. the smart grid is being developed to deal with these problems. Transformers serve as a hub for collection and distribution of energy and are a key component of a successful transition to a smart grid. the smart grid concept ties together all aspects of the power system, from the plug in the wall at a house or office to a factory, to the distribution system, to power plants of all kinds. For the smart grid to work efficiently, there will be a need for smart transformers. As part of the distribution network, there are millions of transformers in the world; unfortunately, very few have any intelligence or communication capabilities that meet advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) standards or are parts of an advanced sensor infrastructure (ASI) network.

Chapter 18 - N-1 STANDARD, N-2 and 2N, REDUNDANCY and REPLACEMENT

Redundancy is a crucial consideration in infrastructure design and has major implications for market size calculations. the following factors are reviewed; the impact of network failure, transformer failure, industrial reliability, network reliability, N-1 and the networks, contingency planning for network failure and electricity distribution.

Chapter 19 - PRICE TRENDS and FACTORS DRIVING TRANSFORMER PRICES

In recent years, the prices of electrotechnical products have been volatile due to variations in many factors which affect them. Price trends are reviewed with commentary on PPI - Producer Price Index, industry trends, production capacity, and the manufacturing input cost composition. a review of electrical steel production and capacity is included.

Chapter 20 - CENTRAL and DISTRIBUTED GENERATION

The Grid Edge is already impacting on the transformer mix and two aspects will impact on the transformer stock; increases in distributed power and in renewables. the non-hydro renewable capacity consists mainly of wind power and solar PV, which have grown rapidly in the last two decades. They will affect transformers because the power generated enters the grid at different points and at different voltages.

Chapter 21 - MEPS - MINIMUM ENERGY PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

Losses in transmission and distribution networks constitute the single biggest loss in any electricity system. Approximately 70% of the losses in electricity networks occur in the distribution network with conductor accounting for 42% of these losses and transformers about 30%. Transformers operate 24 hours/day, 365 days per year and have very long lifetimes, typically 40-50 years for power transformers and around 30 years for distribution transformers. Energy consumption during its service life is the dominant factor in their life-cycle assessment environmental impact. the increased use of electronic equipment can lead to increased harmonic currents and higher losses in transformers. Transformers are already efficient pieces of equipment, with efficiency in the range of 95 to 99 the issue is discussed and details of mandatory efficiency standards around the world supplied. MEPS Aer outlined for each major country.

Chapter 22 - HIGH-EFFICIENCY TRANSFORMERS

Development of a new technology - amorphous core transformers. Amorphous core transformers (AMTs) significantly reduce no-load losses by using an amorphous alloy for the iron core, on which the transformer windings that carry the electricity are coiled. the technology and market penetration are outlined by region and major country.

Chapter 23 - TRANSFORMER PRODUCTION CAPACITY

Manufacturers of larger power transformers are easier to identify and their production capacity is either published or can be estimated. Most countries have numbers of small local producers of distribution transformers which are sold to local distribution utilities and are poorly documented. Some large countries have a lot of these companies, notably China, India, Europe and the United States. China, Europe and the United States have large numbers of distribution utilities, India fewer. the chapter surveys the global situation with detailed reports for the major countries.

Chapter 24 - GLOBAL MARKET SHARE POWER and DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, VALUE, 2017

Global market shares for the major transformer manufacturers.

Chapter 25 - LOGISTICS

Power transformers, especially GSU and quad boosters, are among the largest and heaviest pieces of equipment that must be transported, sometimes over long distances. Because of their size and the small numbers in service, there are only a few manufacturers of the largest units in the world, thereby necessitating long and complex logistics. This is increasingly mentioned by vendors as a major cost and a consideration in locating manufacturing sites. It is not our purpose to provide a detailed survey of logistics in this report but to give a flavour of what is an increasingly important issue of the complexities of delivery of large, heavy equipment. the chapter contains some graphic illustrations of logistical problems and mishaps, which demonstrate the difficulties that planners face more effectively than any descriptions.

Chapter 26 - ELECTRIFICATION

The impact of increased electrification on future markets is described with its advantages in terms of electrical goods and aspirations, which vary according to the sophistication of the electrical market in a country. Factors driving the increase in numbers of electrical connections are assessed with tables of electrification levels for every country, from 1950 to 2050.

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  • ABB
  • BHEL Bharat Heavy Electricals
  • BRG
  • CG Global
  • Cooper
  • CREAT
  • Crompton Greaves
  • Daihen
  • Eaglerise
  • Fuji
  • GE Prolec/Alstom
  • HHI (Hyundai Heavy Industries)
  • HICO (Hyosung)
  • Hitachi
  • Howard Industries
  • JHSP
  • Kotsons
  • Laersen & Toubro
  • Meidansha
  • Mitsubishi
  • Nissin
  • Powerstar
  • ProlecGE
  • Schneider
  • SGB Smit
  • Siemens
  • SPX Waukesha
  • STS
  • Sunten
  • TBEA
  • Tianwei Group
  • Toshiba
  • TWBB
  • Vijai
  • WEG
  • Wolong
  • Xi'an XD
  • Yangdong Electric
  • Zhixin Electric
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